Keishi Horiguchi

Gunma University, Maebashi, Gunma, Japan

Are you Keishi Horiguchi?

Claim your profile

Publications (11)26.29 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective The supplementary motor area (SMA) is important for the prediction of post-operative symptoms after surgical resection of gliomas. We investigated the relationships between clinical factors and the resection range of SMA gliomas, and the post-operative neurological symptoms. Methods We retrospectively studied 18 consecutive surgeries for gliomas involving the SMA proper performed in 13 patients. Seven cases were recurrence of the tumour. Clinical factors and details of specific resection of the SMA proper (resection of posterior part, medial wall) and cingulate motor area (CMA) were examined. Results Eight cases suffered new post-operative neurological deficits. Six of these eight cases had transient deficits. Permanent deficits persisted in two cases with partial weakness or paresis, after rapid improvement of post-operative global weakness or hemiplegia, respectively. The risk of post-operative neurological deficits was not associated with the resection of the posterior part of the SMA proper or the CMA, but was associated with resection of the medial wall of the SMA proper. Surgery for recurrent tumour was associated with post-operative neurological deficits. The medial wall was frequently resected in recurrent cases. Discussion The frequency of post-operative neurological symptoms, including SMA syndrome, may be higher after resection of the medial wall of the SMA proper compared with the resection of only the lateral surface of the SMA proper.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · British Journal of Neurosurgery
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECT Image-guided stereotactic brain tumor biopsy cannot easily obtain samples of small deep-seated tumor or selectively sample the most viable region of malignant tumor. Image-guided stereotactic biopsy in combination with depth microrecording was evaluated to solve such problems. METHODS Operative records, MRI findings, and pathological specimens were evaluated in 12 patients with small deep-seated brain tumor, in which image-guided stereotactic biopsy was performed with the aid of depth microrecording. The tumors were located in the caudate nucleus (1 patient), thalamus (7 patients), midbrain (2 patients), and cortex (2 patients). Surgery was performed with a frameless stereotactic system in 3 patients and with a frame-based stereotactic system in 9 patients. Microrecording was performed to study the electrical activities along the trajectory in the deep brain structures and the tumor. The correlations were studied between the electrophysiological, MRI, and pathological findings. Thirty-two patients with surface or large brain tumor were also studied, in whom image-guided stereotactic biopsy without microrecording was performed. RESULTS The diagnostic yield in the group with microrecording was 100% (low-grade glioma 4, high-grade glioma 4, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma 3, and germinoma 1), which was comparable to 93.8% in the group without microrecording. The postoperative complication rate was as low as that of the conventional image-guided method without using microelectrode recording, and the mortality rate was 0%, although the target lesions were small and deep-seated in all cases. Depth microrecording revealed disappearance of neural activity in the tumor regardless of the tumor type. Neural activity began to decrease from 6.3 ± 4.5 mm (mean ± SD) above the point of complete disappearance along the trajectory. Burst discharges were observed in 6 of the 12 cases, from 3 ± 1.4 mm above the point of decrease of neural activity. Injury discharges were often found at 0.5-1 mm along the trajectory between the area of decreased and disappeared neural activity. Close correlations between electrophysiological, MRI, and histological findings could be found in some cases. CONCLUSIONS Image-guided stereotactic biopsy performed using depth microrecording was safe, it provided accurate positional information in real time, and it could distinguish the tumor from brain structures during surgery. Moreover, this technique has potential for studying the epileptogenicity of the brain tumor.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Journal of Neurosurgery
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Vestibular schwannomas (VSs) are benign, slowly growing tumors. However, the management strategy remains unclear for both primary VS and remnant VS following subtotal or partial resection. In this study, we analyzed the radiographical tumor growth to elucidate factors possibly predicting growth or regrowth of their tumors. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 76 patients with diagnoses of VS at a single tertiary academic referral center. The primary VS group consisted of 43 patients with conservative management, and the remnant VS group included 33 patients with tumor remnant after surgery. All patients were followed up with serial magnetic resonance imaging without intervention. Primary endpoint in this study was significant tumor growth at the end of the three-year follow-up period. Multivariate analysis revealed that remnant VS was less likely to grow than primary VS (odds ratio: 0.27, 95% confidence interval: 0.09-0.84). Tumor volume was correlated with tumor growth; larger tumors grew more frequently than small tumors in both primary and remnant VS groups with marginal (p=0.05) and definite (p=0.007) significance, respectively. The receiver operating characteristic curves plotted for tumor growth identified the optimum cutoff points of tumor volumes with higher sensitivity and specificity for remnant VS than for primary VS (sensitivity: 80% vs. 59%, specificity: 87% vs. 76%, respectively). Small remnant VS after surgery could be conservatively managed without additional treatment, and relatively large remnant VS should be followed up with close serial imaging or might be a possible candidate for radiosurgery during the early postoperative period. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · World Neurosurgery
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Embryonal tumor with abundant neuropil and true rosettes (ETANTR) is a very aggressive embryonal central nervous system (CNS) tumor, histologically featuring ependymoblastic rosettes and neuronal differentiation in a neuropil-like background. 19q13.42 amplification was identified in ETANTR and epndymoblastoma, suggesting that these tumors constitute a single entity, called embryonal tumor with multilayered rosettes (ETMR). Here, we report a case involving a 2-year-old boy with a pontine embryonal tumor composed of clusters of poorly differentiated neuroepithelial cells, and smaller neuroblastic/neurocytic cells in a fibrillary and paucicellular neuropil-like matrix, where clear ependymoblastic rosettes were not detected but only one structure suggestive of an ependymoblastic multilayered rosette was found. Fluorescence in situ hybridazation analysis revealed 19q13.42 amplification, supporting the diagnosis of ETANTR. This report indicates that rare ependymoblasic rosettes found in embryonal tumors, which are otherwise CNS primitive neuroectodermal tumors or medulloblastomas, are significant for considering the examination of 19q13.42 amplification to confirm the diagnosis of ETMR.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Pathology International
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Superficial siderosis is a rare condition caused by hemosiderin deposits in the central nervous system (CNS) due to prolonged or recurrent low-grade bleeding into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). CNS tumor could be one of the sources of bleeding, both pre- and postoperatively. We report an extremely rare case of superficial siderosis associated with purely third ventricle craniopharyngioma, and review previously reported cases of superficial siderosis associated with CNS tumor. A 69-year-old man presented with headache, unsteady gait, blurred vision, and progressive hearing loss. Brain magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with gadolinium revealed a well enhanced, intraventricular mass in the anterior part of the third ventricle. T2*-weighted gradient echo (GE) MR imaging revealed a hypointense rim around the brain particularly marked within the depth of the sulci. Superficial siderosis was diagnosed based on these findings. The tumor was diffusely hypointense on T2*-weighted GE imaging, indicating intratumoral hemorrhage. The lateral ventricles were dilated, suggesting hydrocephalus. [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography revealed increased uptake in the tumor. The whole brain surface appeared dark ocher at surgery. Histological examination showed the hemorrhagic tumor was papillary craniopharyngioma. His hearing loss progressed after removal of the tumor. T2*-weighted GE MR imaging demonstrated not only superficial siderosis but also diffuse intratumoral hemorrhage in the tumor. Superficial siderosis and its related symptoms, including hearing loss, should be considered in patients with hemorrhagic tumor related to the CSF space. Purely third ventricle craniopharyngioma rarely has hemorrhagic character, which could cause superficial siderosis and progressive hearing loss.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2014 · Neurologia medico-chirurgica
  • Keiya Iijima · Keishi Horiguchi · Yuhei Yoshimoto
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Object: The root exit zone (RExZ) of the facial nerve has been considered to be the target in microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm. However, more proximal segments with oligodendrocyte-derived myelin, where the facial nerve root emerges at the pontomedullary sulcus and adheres to the brainstem surface (root emerging zone [REmZ]), may also be susceptible to neurovascular compression. This study evaluated the predictive value of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in detecting and assessing the features of vascular compression, especially in the pontomedullary sulcus, and describes the technical considerations of MVD procedures for the more proximal segments of the facial nerve. Methods: Twenty patients treated with MVD underwent three-dimensional constructive interference in steady-state MR imaging and three-dimensional time-of-flight MR angiography. Their fusion images were used to evaluate the anatomical neurovascular relationships and intraoperative findings were analyzed. Results: Most offending arteries at the REmZ and the RExZ of the facial nerve were correctly identified by fusion MR imaging. During surgery, neurovascular contacts were identified at one or more segments of the facial nerve in all patients. The REmZ of the facial nerve was affected in 55 % of the patients. The most common offending vessel at the REmZ was the posterior inferior cerebellar artery rather than the anterior inferior cerebellar artery. The key procedure to explore the deep-seated REmZ in the pontomedullary sulcus was full dissection of the lower cranial nerves to the brainstem origin. Conclusions: Our definition more correctly describes the specific anatomical relationship of the facial nerve origin from the brainstem and the clinically relevant target for MVD surgery. Fusion MR imaging is very useful to identify neurovascular contacts at both the RExZ and the REmZ of the facial nerve.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Acta Neurochirurgica
  • Atsushi Sasaki · Keishi Horiguchi · Yoichi Nakazato
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report a case of pineal parenchymal tumor in a 33-year-old man incidentally detected by radiological examination. The MRI showed an unhomogeneously enhanced, small tumor (approximately 1 cm in size) in the pineal region. A tumor specimen was obtained at endoscopic biopsy. Routine histology showed a highly cellular tumor characterized by a predominance of small cells showing high nuclear : cytoplasmic ratio and moderate nuclear atypia, pleomorphism including giant cells and an absence of pineocytomatous rosettes. Mitotic figures were rare (approximately 1 per 10 high-power fields). Tumor necrosis was not evident. Immunohistochemically, the neoplastic cells showed positivity for neural markers (neurofilament protein, synaptophysin) and pinealocyte-associated antibodies (PP1, PP5, PP6), but not for glial fibrillary acidic protein or S-100. The MIB-1 labeling index was relatively high (6.3%). Ultrastructurally, there was some evidence of pinealocytic differentiation, such as vesicle-crowned rodlets (synaptic ribbons) and paired twisted filaments in neoplastic cells. Thus, the tumor was confirmed as a pineal parenchymal tumor of intermediate differentiation by histology, immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. This case indicates that marked cytologic pleomorphism can occur in pineal parenchymal tumors of intermediate differentiation.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2006 · Neuropathology
  • Keishi Horiguchi · Takashi Fujii · Yoichi Nakazato
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We describe a new case of isolated Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) of the hypothalamus. A 53-year-old female patient presented with polydipsia, headache, anorexia, and fatigue. Neurological imaging revealed a mass projecting from the hypothalamus into the third ventricle. Gross total removal of the tumor was performed. Light microscopy showed LCH, and immunohistochemical studies revealed S-100 and CD1a immunoreactivity in the Langerhans cells. Although the most common CNS site for LCH is the hypothalamus, isolated hypothalamic LCH, confirmed by biopsy, is very rare. The residual mass appeared to remit spontaneously 3.5 years after surgery, with regrowth 3 years later.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2004 · Brain Tumor Pathology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The human Ras association domain family 1A (RASSF1A) gene, recently isolated from the lung and breast tumor suppressor locus 3p21.3, is highly methylated in primary lung, breast, nasopharyngeal and other tumors, and re-expression of RASSF1A suppresses the growth of several types of cancer cells. Epigenetic inactivation of RASSF1A by promoter hypermethylation is also important in the development of several human cancers. The methylation status of the promoter region of RASSF1A was analysed in primary brain tumors and glioma cell lines by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction. In primary brain tumors, 25 of 46 (54.3%) gliomas and five of five (100%) medulloblastomas showed RASSF1A methylation. In benign tumors, only one of 10 (10%) schwannomas and two of 12 (16.7%) meningiomas showed RASSF1A methylation. The RASSF1A promoter region was methylated in all four glioma cell lines. RASSF1A was re-expressed in all methylated cell lines after treatment with the demethylating agent 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine. Methylation of the promoter CpG islands of the RASSF1A may play an important role in the pathogenesis of glioma and medulloblastoma.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2003 · Oncogene
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Precise determination of the spinal level of a cerebrospinal fluid leak is important in the diagnosis and treatment of spontaneous intracranial hypotension. The authors report two cases of SIH in which a cerebrospinal fluid leak was demonstrated by three-dimensional computed tomographic (3D-CT) myelography. By overlaying 3D-CT images of contrast-enhanced CSF and the spine, the point of leakage was clearly depicted in the three-dimensional spinal structure, which assisted targeted epidural blood patch under the guidance of fluoroscopy. Although associated chronic subdural hematoma had to be treated by burr hole drainage, the patients' postural headaches subsided after treatment. Clear CSF images in relation to vertebral bones are obtainable with 3D-CT myelography, rendering this modality very useful for the diagnosis and treatment of spontaneous intracranial hypotension.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2002 · Surgical Neurology
  • V J Amatya · M Kamiya · H Kurihara · T Gouda · K Horiguchi · J Hirato · Y Nakazato
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We describe a case of dysplastic glioneuronal lesion in the right cerebellar hemisphere. A 13-year-old boy presented with headache since 1998. He had no neurological deficits. The computerized tomograph (CT) scan showed prominent calcification, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a non-enhancing mass of 15 x 15 x 5 cm in the right cerebellar hemisphere. The mass had low intensity in T1- and high intensity in T2-weighted images. Histologically, the lesion was composed of poorly defined small to intermediate sized cells arranged in fibrillar background. Although few neuronal cells having large nuclei with small nucleoli were present, no ganglion cells could be seen. Immunohistochemically, these poorly defined cells were non-reactive to various glial and neuronal markers. However, GFAP, synaptophysin, neurofilament and vimentin-reactive intercellular matrix and few nonneoplastic GFAP-positive glial cells and neurofilament-positive neuronal cells were seen. A very low MIB-1-labelling index of less than 0.1% was noted. Ultrastructurally, two different populations of the cells were seen. A few neuronal cells were larger and had an oval nucleus with small nucleolus and cytoplasm containing various cytoplasmic organelles, Golgi apparatus, mitochondria, ribosomes, lipofuscin, rough endoplasmic reticulum, microtubules and neurofilaments. Many other cells had a scant cytoplasm and thus poorly defined. Cytoplasmic processes with axono-dendritic synapses and foci of bundles of intermediate filaments were present in the intercellular areas of the lesion. Based on these radiological, histological and ultrastructural findings of the lesion of low proliferative potential, we considered it dysplastic in nature.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2001 · Clinical neuropathology