[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: A rational structure-activity relationship study around compound (1) is reported. The lead optimisation programme led to the identification of sulfonamide (25), a molecule combining dopamine D2/D3 receptor antagonism with serotonin 5-HT2A, 5-HT2C, 5-HT6 receptor antagonism for an effective treatment of schizophrenia. Compound (25) was shown to possess the required in vivo activity with no EPS liability.
Article · Feb 2007 · Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: At their clinical doses, current antipsychotic agents share the property of both dopamine D(2) and D(3) receptor blockade. However, a major disadvantage of many current medications are the observed extrapyramidal side-effects (EPS), postulated to arise from D(2) receptor antagonism. Consequently, a selective dopamine D(3) receptor antagonist could offer an attractive antipsychotic therapy, devoid of the unwanted EPS. Using SAR information gained in two previously reported series of potent and selective D(3) receptor antagonists, as exemplified by the 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3-benzazepine 10 and the 2,3-dihydro-1H-isoindoline 11, a range of 7-sulfonyloxy- and 7-sulfonylbenzazepines has been prepared. Compounds of this type combined a high level of D(3) affinity and selectivity vs D(2) with an excellent pharmacokinetic profile in the rat. Subsequent optimization of this series to improve selectivity over a range of receptors and reduce cytochrome P450 inhibitory potential gave trans-3-(2-(4-((3-(3-(5-methyl-1,2,4-oxidiazolyl))phenyl)carboxamido)cyclohexyl)ethyl)-7-methylsulfonyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3-benzazepine (58, SB-414796). This compound is a potent and selective dopamine D(3) receptor antagonist with high oral bioavailability and is CNS penetrant in the rat. Subsequent evaluation in the rat has shown that 58 preferentially reduces firing of dopaminergic cells in the ventral tegmental area (A10) compared to the substantia nigra (A9), an observation consistent with a prediction for atypical antipsychotic efficacy. In a separate study, 58 has been shown to block expression of the conditioned place preference (CPP) response to cocaine in male rats, suggesting that it may also have a role in the treatment of cue-induced relapse in drug-free cocaine addicts.
Article · Dec 2003 · Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Starting from the tetrahydroisoquinoline SB-277011 1, a novel series of 5-substituted-2,3-dihydro-1H-isoindoles has been designed. Subsequent optimisation resulted in identification of 19, which has high affinity for the dopamine D3 receptor (pKi 8.3) and > or = 100-fold selectivity over other aminergic receptors. In rat studies 19 was brain penetrant with an excellent pharmacokinetic profile (oral bioavailability 77%, t1/2 5.2h).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Starting from the dopamine D3 receptor antagonist SB-277011 1, a series of 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3-benzazepines has been identified with high affinity for the dopamine D3 receptor and selectivity over the D2 receptor. The 3-acetamido-2-fluorocinnamide derivative 20 gave high D3 receptor affinity (pKi 8.4) with 130-fold selectivity over the 2, receptor.
Article · Dec 2000 · Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters