Milagros Hernández

Universidad de Navarra, Iruña, Navarre, Spain

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Publications (8)44.94 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: PRGF is a platelet concentrate within a plasma suspension that forms an in situ-generated fibrin-matrix delivery system, releasing multiple growth factors and other bioactive molecules that play key roles in tissue regeneration. This study was aimed at exploring the angiogenic and myogenic effect of PRGF on in vitro endothelial cells (HUVEC) and skeletal myoblasts (hSkMb) as well as on in vivo mouse subcutaneously implanted matrigel and on limb muscles after a severe ischemia. Human PRGF was prepared and characterized. Both proliferative and anti-apoptotic responses to PRGF were assessed in vitro in HUVEC and hSkMb. In vivo murine matrigel plug assay was conducted to determine the angiogenic capacity of PRGF, whereas in vivo ischemic hind limb model was carried out to demonstrate PRGF-driven vascular and myogenic regeneration. Primary HUVEC and hSkMb incubated with PRGF showed a dose dependent proliferative and anti-apoptotic effect and the PRGF matrigel plugs triggered an early and significant sustained angiogenesis compared with the control group. Moreover, mice treated with PRGF intramuscular infiltrations displayed a substantial reperfusion enhancement at day 28 associated with a fibrotic tissue reduction. These findings suggest that PRGF-induced angiogenesis is functionally effective at expanding the perfusion capacity of the new vasculature and attenuating the endogenous tissue fibrosis after a severe-induced skeletal muscle ischemia. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Journal of Controlled Release
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this trial was to define the maximum tolerated duration (MTD), dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), regimen-related toxicities (RRT), and pharmacokinetics of gemcitabine infused at a fixed dose rate (FDR) of 10 mg/m2/min, combined with docetaxel/melphalan/carboplatin, using autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). The duration of gemcitabine infusion was incrementally escalated as a single treatment on day -6 or as 4 daily infusions on days -5 to -2. Gemcitabine was followed by docetaxel (300 or 350 mg/m2) on day -5, and then melphalan (50 mg/m2/day) and carboplatin (333 mg/m2/day) on days -4 to -2. Fifty-two patients with refractory tumors were accrued with a median age of 40 (range: 6-66), a median of 3 (1-6) prior chemotherapy regimens, and 3 (1-7) organs involved. The gemcitabine MTD was defined at 20 hours (total dose 12,000 mg/m2) on both schedules. The DLT was enteritis. Three patients died from aspiration, catheter-related sepsis, and enteritis, respectively. The tumor response rate was 91%, with 50% complete responses. At current 2-year median follow-up, the event-free and overall survival (EFS, OS) rates are 54% (median 26 months) and 79% (median not reached), respectively. Gemcitabine area under the curve (AUC), but not clearance, increased linearly with infusion duration, and correlated with grade 3 RRT. Docetaxel showed a linear increase of its AUC and similar clearance compared with prior reports at lower doses. In conclusion, ASCT-supported infusions of gemcitabine at FDR could be prolonged up to 20 hours. The resulting gemcitabine/docetaxel/melphalan/carboplatin combination was highly active in refractory cancers and should be further tested in disease-specific trials.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2007 · Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the feasibility and safety of skeletal myoblast transplantation in patients with chronic myocardial infarction undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Twelve patients with a previous myocardial infarction and ischemic coronary artery disease underwent treatment with coronary artery bypass grafting surgery and intramyocardial injection of autologous skeletal myoblasts cultured with autologous serum. Global and regional cardiac function was assessed by echocardiogram. Fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose and nitrogen 13-ammonia positron emission tomography studies were used to determine cardiac viability and perfusion. A group of historical control patients (n = 14) treated with coronary artery bypass grafting surgery without myoblast transplantation was analyzed. The left ventricular ejection fraction improved from 35.5% +/- 2.3% (mean +/- SEM) before surgery to 55.1% +/- 8.2% at 12 months (P < .01) in the myoblast group and from 33.6% +/- 9.3% to 38.6% +/- 11% in the control group. Regional contractility also improved in the myoblast group, particularly in cardiac segments treated with skeletal myoblasts (wall motion score index: 3.02 +/- 0.17 at baseline vs 1.36 +/- 0.14 at 12 months; P < .0001). Quantitative fluorine 18-fluorodeoxyglucose and nitrogen 13-ammonia positron emission tomography showed an increase in viability and perfusion 12 months after surgery both globally and in segments treated with myoblasts (P = .012 and P = .004). Skeletal myoblast implantation was not associated with adverse events or an increased incidence of cardiac arrhythmias. In patients with previous myocardial infarction, treatment with skeletal myoblasts in conjunction with coronary artery bypass is safe and feasible and is associated with an increased global and regional left ventricular function, improvement in viability, and perfusion of cardiac tissue and no significant incidence of arrhythmias.
    Full-text · Article · May 2006 · The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
  • José A Páramo · Ramón Lecumberri · Milagros Hernández · Eduardo Rocha
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    ABSTRACT: Pharmacological approaches to reduce blood transfusion include the protease inhibitor aprotinin, lysine-analogue antifibrinolytics synthetic arginine-vasopressin derivatives (DDAVP) and recombinant factor VII (rfVIIa). These agents are known to prevent the need for blood after major surgery (cardiac, hepatic, and orthopaedic). Among the nonhemostatic agents erythropoietin (EPO) may be effective to reduce blood requirements in medical and surgical patients. Aprotinin is consistently effective in reducing blood transfusion in cardiac and hepatic surgical procedures, but there is little data to support its use in elective orthopaedic surgery. Antifibrinolytics show no evidence of efficacy in cardiac and hepatic surgery and its use is not warranted in orthopaedic surgery. Limited data suggest that DDAVP may be effective when a deffect in platelet function is demonstrated. rFVIIa emerges as a promising haemostatic agent with proven benefit to reduce bleeding in haemophiliacs with inhibitors but might also be effective in patients with thrombocytopenia and thrombopathy, as well as in life-threatening hemorrhage in postsurgical patients. Ongoing studies will established its role a posible «universal haemostatic agent». Hematopoietic cytokines, such as EPO, may have a place to avoid blood transfusion in a variety of clinical conditions, including cancer and critically ill patients.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2004 · Medicina Clínica
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    ABSTRACT: Among B-cell malignancies, follicular lymphomas (FL) more frequently show acquired, potential N-glycosylation sites (AGS) within tumor-specific immunoglobulin. The aim of this study was to extend this observation and to evaluate the pattern of presentation of AGS within five different forms of B-cell lymphoma. We sequenced the tumor-specific immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region fragment, including complementarity-determining regions 2 and 3, of forty-seven consecutive patients with a B-cell malignancy enrolled in idiotype vaccine clinical trials. This sequencing approach is known to allow the identification of most AGS. We then statistically analyzed differences in presentation pattern, in terms of tumor histology, immunoglobulin isotype, AGS location and amino acid composition. All twenty-four FL cases presented with at least one AGS, whereas the vast majority of four B-cell lymphoma types other than FL did not. The non- FL group of tumors included four cases of Burkitt's lymphoma, six of diffuse large cell lymphoma, seven mantle cell lymphomas and six small lymphocytic lymphomas. Most IgM-bearing follicular lymphoma cases featured their AGS within complementarity-determining region 2, as opposed to those bearing an IgG, which mostly displayed the AGS within complementarity-determining region 3. The vast majority of AGS located within either complementarity-determining region ended with a serine residue, whereas those located within framework regions mostly featured threonine as the last amino acid residue. In our series, all cases of FL had AGS within their tumor-specific immunoglobulin heavy chain variable regions. In contrast, most B-cell malignancies other than FL did not. Further studies are warranted in order to establish the possible meaning of these findings in terms of disease pathogenesis, their diagnostic value in doubtful cases and their potential implications for immunotherapy.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2004 · Haematologica
  • José A Páramo · Ramón Lecumberri · Milagros Hernández · Eduardo Rocha
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    ABSTRACT: Pharmacological approaches to reduce blood transfusion include the protease inhibitor aprotinin, lysine-analogue antifibrinolytics synthetic arginine-vasopressin derivatives (DDAVP) and recombinant factor VII (rfVIIa). These agents are known to prevent the need for blood after major surgery (cardiac, hepatic, and orthopaedic). Among the nonhemostatic agents erythropoietin (EPO) may be effective to reduce blood requirements in medical and surgical patients. Aprotinin is consistently effective in reducing blood transfusion in cardiac and hepatic surgical procedures, but there is little data to support its use in elective orthopaedic surgery. Antifibrinolytics show no evidence of efficacy in cardiac and hepatic surgery and its use is not warranted in orthopaedic surgery. Limited data suggest that DDAVP may be effective when a defect in platelet function is demonstrated. rFVIIa emerges as a promising haemostatic agent with proven benefit to reduce bleeding in haemophiliacs with inhibitors but might also be effective in patients with thrombocytopenia and thrombopathy, as well as in life-threatening hemorrhage in postsurgical patients. Ongoing studies will established its role a possible "universal haemostatic agent". Hematopoietic cytokines, such as EPO, may have a place to avoid blood transfusion in a variety of clinical conditions, including cancer and critically ill patients.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2004 · Medicina Clínica
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    ABSTRACT: Feasibility of idiotype vaccination was statistically compared among five different B-cell malignancies in first relapse. When based on hybridoma production techniques, idiotypic vaccination for relapsed B-cell malignancies was consistently feasible only in follicular lymphoma patients, whereas the main cause of failure in other settings was the short survival of idiotype-producing hybridomas.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2004 · Haematologica
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    ABSTRACT: Experimental animal studies suggest that the use of skeletal myoblast in patients with myocardial infarction may result in improved cardiac function. The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility and safety of this therapy in patients with myocardial infarction. Twelve patients with old myocardial infarction and ischaemic coronary artery disease underwent treatment with coronary artery bypass surgery and intramyocardial injection of autologous skeletal myoblasts obtained from a muscle biopsy of vastus lateralis and cultured with autologous serum for 3 weeks. Global and regional cardiac function was assessed by 2D and ABD echocardiogram. 18F-FDG and 13N-ammonia PET studies were used to determine perfusion and viability. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) improved from 35.5+/-2.3% before surgery to 53.5+/-4.98% at 3 months (P=0.002). Echocardiography revealed a marked improvement in regional contractility in those cardiac segments treated with skeletal myoblast (wall motion score index 2.64+/-0.13 at baseline vs 1.64+/-0.16 at 3 months P=0.0001). Quantitative 18F-FDG PET studies showed a significant (P=0.012) increased in cardiac viability in the infarct zone 3 months after surgery. No statistically significant differences were found in 13N-ammonia PET studies. Skeletal myoblast implant was not associated with an increase in adverse events. No cardiac arrhythmias were detected during early follow-up. In patients with old myocardial infarction, treatment with skeletal myoblast in conjunction with coronary artery bypass is safe and feasible and is associated with an increased global and regional left ventricular function,improvement in the viability of cardiac tissue in the infarct area and no induction of arrhythmias.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2003 · European Heart Journal