Shi-Nian Cao

University of Texas Medical School, Houston, Texas, United States

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Publications (3)13.62 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The histopathologic abnormality underlying ascending aortic aneurysm and dissection is medial degeneration, a lesion that is described as the noninflammatory loss of smooth muscle cells and elastic fibers. This study sought to determine whether inflammatory cells are present in medial degeneration and assess any possible contribution of these cells to apoptosis of smooth muscle cells. Aortic specimens were obtained from patients undergoing prophylactic surgical repair of an ascending aortic aneurysm (n = 9) and type A dissection (n = 7), along with control patients dying of causes unrelated to aortic disease (n = 5). Immunohistochemical staining was performed to evaluate the presence of lymphocytes and macrophages, and markers of apoptosis were assessed in the aortas of patients with ascending aortic aneurysm and dissection. Immunohistochemical study indicated significantly more CD3+ cells in the aortas of patients with aneurysms or dissections than in control aortas (P = .020 and P = .0022, respectively). In addition, aortas of patients with aneurysms or dissections had more CD68+ cells (P = .01 and P = .005, respectively). CD3+ cells were localized in the media and surrounding the vasa vasorum in the adventitia. Cells yielding a positive result on in situ terminal transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end-labeling were found in increased numbers in the aortas of patients with aneurysms or dissections relative to control aortas (P = .005 and P = .002, respectively). Furthermore, Fas and FasL were increased in the aortic samples from patients with aneurysms and dissections relative to control aortas. The coexistence of inflammatory cells with markers of apoptotic vascular cell death in the media of ascending aortas with aneurysms and type A dissections raises the possibility that activated T cells and macrophages may contribute to the elimination of smooth muscle cells and degradation of the matrix associated with thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2006 · The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine whether mutations in the Bax gene play a role in the development of ovarian endometrioid carcinoma with a microsatellite instability phenotype. We analyzed a total of 60 tumor specimens, 49 ovarian endometrioid carcinomas and 11 concurrent endometrial endometrioid carcinomas from 49 patients. Fourteen ovarian endometrioid carcinomas and 6 endometrial endometrioid carcinomas showed a microsatellite instability-high phenotype. Tumor and normal-tissue specimens from eight patients with a microsatellite instability-high phenotype colorectal carcinoma were included in this study as controls. The presence or absence of a mutation in the poly (G) 8 tract of the Bax gene was determined by polymerase chain reaction followed by direct DNA sequence analysis. A 1-base pair deletion at the poly (G) 8 tract and no expression of Bax and Bcl-2 proteins were identified in one microsatellite instability-high endometrial endometrioid carcinoma. Immunohistochemical staining for Bax and Bcl-2 proteins was negative on the tumor specimen that had this 1-base pair deletion. No mutations were found in the synchronous microsatellite instability-high ovarian endometrioid carcinoma from the same patient. In contrast, four (50%) of the eight microsatellite instability-high sporadic colorectal carcinomas had a mutation in the poly (G) 8 tract. Although Bax plays an important role in carcinogenesis of the colorectum with microsatellite instability-high phenotype, Bax may not play a direct role in the genesis of ovarian endometrioid carcinoma, regardless of microsatellite instability status.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2003 · Modern Pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Fibrillin-1 is synthesized as a proprotein that undergoes proteolytic processing in the unique C-terminal domain by a member of the PACE/furin family of endoproteases. This family of endoproteases is active in the trans-Golgi network (TGN), but metabolic labeling studies have been controversial as to whether profibrillin-1 is processed intracellularly or after secretion. This report provides evidence that profibrillin-1 processing is not an intracellular event. Bafilomycin A(1) and incubation of dermal fibroblasts at 22 degrees C were used to block secretion in the TGN to confirm that profibrillin-1 processing did not occur in this compartment. Profibrillin-1 immunoprecipitation studies revealed that two endoplasmic reticulum-resident molecular chaperones, BiP and GRP94, interacted with profibrillin-1. To determine the proprotein convertase responsible for processing profibrillin-1, a specific inhibitor of furin, alpha-1-antitrypsin, Portland variant, was both expressed in the cells and added to cells exogenously. In both cases, the inhibitor blocked the processing of profibrillin-1, providing evidence that furin is the enzyme responsible for profibrillin-1 processing. These studies delineate the secretion and proteolytic processing of profibrillin-1, and identify the proteins that interact with profibrillin-1 in the secretory pathway.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2003 · Journal of Cellular Biochemistry