[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Magnolol, a component of the bark of Magnolia obovata, has been reported to possess various biological activities, such as anti-carcinogenicity, anti-promotion activity and anti-oxidative activity. These findings suggest potential for this compound in cancer chemoprevention. Interestingly, there have been no reports to date on the potential anti-mutagenic activity of magnolol, involving inhibition of initiation processes of the primary stage of carcinogenicity. In this study, anti-mutagenic activity of magnolol against mutagenicity induced by direct mutagens [1-nitropyrene (1-NP), N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) and N-ethyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (ENNG)] and indirect mutagens [2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ), 2-aminodipyrido[1,2-a:3',2'-d]imidazole (Glu-P-2), benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P), 2-aminoanthracene (2-AA) and 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)] were investigated using the bacterial mutagenicity test (Ames test). Results show that magnolol strongly inhibits mutagenicity induced by indirect mutagens, but does not affect direct mutagens. To elucidate the mechanism of this effect against indirect mutagens, effect of magnolol on CYP1A1- and CYP1A2-related enzyme activities of ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) and methoxyresorufin-O-demethylase (MROD) were investigated. Magnolol strongly and competitively suppressed these enzyme activities, suggesting it inhibited mutation induced by indirect mutagens through suppression of CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 activity.
No preview · Article · Nov 2006 · Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It has previously been reported that magnolol, a phenolic compound isolated from Magnolia obovata, inhibited tumour cell invasion in vitro. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antimetastatic effect of magnolol on tumour metastasis in vivo with experimental and spontaneous metastasis models and to clarify the mechanism. The antimetastatic effects of magnolol were evaluated by an experimental liver and spleen metastasis model using L5178Y-ML25 lymphoma, or an experimental and spontaneous lung metastasis model using B16-BL6 melanoma. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of 2 or 10 mg/kg of magnolol significantly suppressed liver and spleen metastasis or lung metastasis. As for the spontaneous lung metastasis model using B16-BL6 melanoma, multiple i.p. administrations of 10 mg/kg of magnolol after and before tumour inoculation significantly suppressed lung metastasis and primary tumour growth. In addition, magnolol significantly inhibited B16-BL6 cell invasion of the reconstituted basement membrane (Matrigel, MG) without affecting cell growth. These data from the in vivo experiments suggest that magnolol possesses strong antimetastatic ability and that it may be a lead compound for drug development. The antimetastatic action of magnolol is considered to be due to its ability to inhibit tumour cell invasion.
No preview · Article · Sep 2003 · Phytotherapy Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigated the inhibitory effect of Magnolia obovata Thunb. bark ethanol extracts on human fibrosarcoma HT-1080 cells invasion in a reconstituted basement membrane [Matrigel (MG)]. We found that the effective components of the bark ethanol extracts were magnolol and honokiol, two biphenyl compounds. The extracts, magnolol and honokiol, did not affect HT-1080 cells adhesion to MG, but did inhibit HT-1080 cells migration at a high concentration (100 microM). HT-1080 cells secrete matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, which degrades the extracellular matrix as a part of the invasive process. Magnolol and honokiol inhibited the activity of MMP-9, which may have been responsible, in part, for the inhibition of tumor cell invasiveness.