[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to identify human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protease mutations associated with virological response (VR) to fosamprenavir-ritonavir (FPV/r) in 113 protease inhibitor (PI)-experienced patients randomized in both CONTEXT and TRIAD clinical trials and receiving the same dose (700/100 mg twice daily) of FPV/r. The impact of each protease mutation on the VR to FPV/r, defined as the decrease in HIV RNA at week 12, was investigated with nonparametric analyses. A step-by-step procedure was done using a Jonckheere-Terpstra (JT) test that retains the group of mutations most strongly associated with the VR. Mutations at the following 14 codons were associated with a reduced VR to FPV/r: 10, 15, 33, 46, 54, 60, 62, 63, 72, 73, 82, 84, 89, and 90. The JT procedure led to selecting the CONTEXT/TRIAD genotypic set of mutations, I15V, M46I/L, I54L/M/V, D60E, L63P/T, and I84V, as providing the strongest association with the VR (P = 1.45 x 10(-11)). In the nine patients with zero mutations within this set, the median decrease in HIV RNA was -2.63 log copies/ml, and was -2.22 (n = 45), -1.50 (n = 26), -0.58 (n = 23), -0.47 (n = 6), -0.13 (n = 3), and 0.04 (n = 1) log copies/ml in those with one, two, three, four, five, and six mutations, respectively. This study identified six mutations associated with VR to FPV/r. Some of these mutations are shared with the current FPV/r Agence Nationale de Recherches sur le SIDA (ANRS) resistance score, which has been cross-validated in the CONTEXT/TRIAD data set, suggesting that the current ANRS FPV/r score is a useful tool for the prediction of VR to FPV/r in PI-experienced patients.
Full-text · Article · Nov 2008 · Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We developed clinically relevant genotypic scores for resistance to fosamprenavir/ritonavir in HIV-1 protease inhibitor (PI)-experienced patients.
PI-experienced patients with virological failure receiving fosamprenavir/ritonavir as the sole PI for at least 3 months and with detectable fosamprenavir plasma levels were included. The impact of baseline protease mutations on virological response (VR, i.e. decrease in plasma HIV-1 RNA between baseline and month 3) was analysed using the Mann-Whitney test. Mutations with prevalence >10% and P value <0.10 were retained. The Jonckheere-Terpstra test was used to select the combination of mutations most strongly associated with VR. The association between score and VR was assessed by multivariate backward regression.
In the 73 patients included, the median baseline HIV-1 RNA was 4.6 log(10) copies/mL (range: 2.7-6.9) and the mean decrease at month 3 was -1.07 +/- 1.40 log(10) copies/mL. Ninety per cent of the patients were infected by HIV-1 subtype B variants. Two fosamprenavir/ritonavir mutation scores were constructed: score A (L10F/I/V + L33F + M36I + I54L/M/V/A/T/S + I62V + V82A/F/C/G + I84V + L90M) was based only on mutations associated with a worse VR, whereas score B (L10FIV + L33F + M36I + I54L/M/V/A/T/S + A71V - V77I - N88S + L90M) also took into account favourable mutations. Both scores were independent predictors of VR, however, co-administration of tenofovir was associated with a worse VR and the presence of the N88S protease mutation and co-administration of enfuvirtide with a better VR.
These clinically validated mutation scores should be of interest for the clinical management of PI-experienced patients. The fosamprenavir/ritonavir score A was introduced in the 2006 ANRS algorithm along with isolated mutations I50V and V32I + I47V.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2008 · Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Forty patients participating in the TRIZAL study were treated with a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-containing regimen before being randomly assigned either to continue their baseline therapy or to switch to a triple nucleoside regimen. No difference was observed in treatment efficacy between the two groups, and total cholesterol was observed to improve significantly in the switch group. Switch maintenance may be an appropriate strategy in patients treated with an NNRTI.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To analyze the evolution of clinical lipodystrophy (LD) and metabolic abnormalities in patients continuing to receive HAART versus patients switched to Trizivir (zidovudine, lamivudine, abacavir) after 48 weeks.
Patients treated with HAART >6 months with plasma HIV-1 RNA viral load (VL) <400 copies/mL and <50 copies/mL at screening were randomly assigned to continue HAART (103 patients) or to receive Trizivir (106 patients). Clinical LD was evaluated using a standardized patient questionnaire only at baseline, weeks 4 and 8, and then every 8 weeks until Week 48. Laboratory evaluation was performed every 4 weeks.
The proportion of patients exhibiting >or=1 LD symptom at baseline was 40% in the Trizivir arm and 50% in HAART arm (difference not significant). After 48 weeks, the prevalence was 28% and 42% respectively (p =.03), and the median number of LD symptoms per patient was 2 in the Trizivir arm and 4 in the continued HAART arm (p =.016). Median decreases in cholesterol levels over the 48-week study period were greater in the Trizivir arm than in the continued HAART arm (-0.80 vs. -0.44 mmol/L; p lt.001). Median triglyceride levels decreased in the Trizivir arm but increased in the continued HAART arm (-0.17 and +0.01 mmol/L; p =.006). Suppression of VL was maintained in most patients with no differences between the two arms.
A switch from "standard" HAART to Trizivir was associated with an improvement in clinical LD and blood lipid abnormalities after 48 weeks.
No preview · Article · Jan 2003 · HIV Clinical Trials