[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Humans are not natural hosts of Dirofilaria; however, pulmonary or subcutaneous infections may occur through mosquitoes transmission. Patients presenting with simple subcutaneous nodules may not seek early medical attention, and hence systemic involvement through hematogenous spread may occur. Definitive diagnosis of Dirofilaria infection is made by histopathological examinations of the infected tissues. We report a patient with an incidental diagnosis of Dirofilaria infection confirmed by histopathological findings of a subcutaneous nodule on the right thigh. The source of infection remains unknown.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a rare case of diffuse esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis in a 35-year-old man complaining of severe dysphagia and vomiting for several months. The advanced morphological change in the esophagus caused irregular track formation, mimicking an ulcerative lesion on esophagogram. Endoscopic examination revealed an esophageal stricture with intact mucosa. Endoscopic ultrasonography and chest computed tomography showed multiple hyperechoic lesions of unknown nature and multiple air collection sites in the esophageal wall, respectively, making diagnosis difficult. The patient finally received a subtotal esophagectomy because of severe symptoms. The lesion was pathologically proven to be intramural pseudodiverticulosis with marked submucosal fibrosis. Our experience suggests that awareness of this rare pathology and the related image changes will be helpful for early diagnosis and treatment in the future.
No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Journal of the Formosan Medical Association
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hemophagocytic syndrome (HS) that occurs in the course of adult-onset Stills disease (AOSD) has been reported only rarely in the literature. HS and AOSD share overlapping clinical and laboratory features, therefore, it is difficult to recognize HS as a complication of AOSD. Here, we report the case of a 46-year old woman with classical features of AOSD. Severe pancytopenia and jaundice associated with extreme hyperferritinemia occurred during high-dose steroid treatment. Bone marrow biopsy showed typical pathological features of hemophagocytosis, which confirmed the coexistence of HS with AOSD. The patient was treated with methylprednisolone pulse therapy of 500 mg/day for 3 days, as recommended in cases of HS complicating AOSD, and her condition improved gradually. During the disease course, extensive studies could not identify any viral infection or other known underlying etiology for the reactive hemophagocytosis. Currently, the patient is in remission on low-dose prednisolone and azathioprine.
No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Journal of the Formosan Medical Association
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Infiltrating angiolipomas are rarely encountered in the spine. We present a case involving a 71-year-old man with a dorsal epidural angiolipoma at the T5-T7 level. The tumor involved the T5-T6 vertebral bodies and left pedicle. The patient presented with acute paraparesis and MRI showed a homogeneously hyphointense lesion on T1-weighted images. The epidural component of the tumor was removed via laminectomy to achieve adequate cord decompression. The patient was symptom-free at a 2-year follow-up. This report emphasizes the unusual clinical presentation and MRI features of an infiltrating spinal angiolipoma and discusses therapeutic management options.
Full-text · Article · Nov 2008 · Journal of Clinical Neuroscience
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A case of pulmonary tumorlets with ectopic adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) production and lymph node metastasis in a bronchiectatic patient is reported. A 65-year-old man underwent right lower lobe lobectomy because of a sudden attack of cough and hemoptysis. Histological study revealed multiple discrete uniform small nests of tumor cells surrounding dilated bronchioles. Tumor nests were also found in the hilar lymph node. Immunohistochemically, the proliferating cells were confirmed to be neuroendocrine in origin with ectopic ACTH production, despite being clinically silent. The findings in the present case suggest that the clinical behavior of pulmonary tumorlets may be like a carcinoid, and need to be treated as tumor-like lesions. Ectopic hormonal production in the present case suggests pulmonary tumorlets should be considered in the differential diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome.
No preview · Article · Jan 2004 · Pathology International