Sarfraz A. Durrani

Children's National Medical Center, Washington, Washington, D.C., United States

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Publications (5)53.8 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Resistin, an adipocyte-derived cytokine linked to insulin resistance and obesity, has recently been shown to activate endothelial cells (ECs). Using microarrays, we found that along with numerous other pro-atherosclerotic genes, resistin expression levels are elevated in the aortas of C57BL/6J apoE-/- mice; these findings led us to further explore the relation between resistin and atherosclerosis. Using TaqMan PCR and immunohistochemistry, we found that ApoE-/- mice had significantly higher resistin mRNA and protein levels in their aortas, and elevated serum resistin levels, compared to C57BL/6J wild-type mice. Incubation of murine aortic ECs with recombinant resistin increased monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule (sVCAM)-1 protein levels in the conditioned medium. Furthermore, human carotid endarterectomy samples stained positive for resistin protein, while internal mammary artery did not show strong staining. Patients diagnosed with premature coronary artery disease (PCAD) were found to have higher serum levels of resistin than normal controls. In summary, resistin protein is present in both murine and human atherosclerotic lesions, and mRNA levels progressively increase in the aortas of mice developing atherosclerosis. Resistin induces increases in MCP-1 and sVCAM-1 expression in murine vascular endothelial cells, suggesting a possible mechanism by which resistin might contribute to atherogenesis. Finally, PCAD patients exhibited increased serum levels of resistin when compared to controls. These findings suggest a possible role of resistin in cardiovascular disease.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2005 · Atherosclerosis
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    ABSTRACT: The possible etiologic role of infection in cardiovascular disease is still debated. Having previously demonstrated that murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) infection of apolipoprotein (apo) E-/- mice increases atherosclerotic lesion size, we determined if MCMV infection produces proatherogenic changes in aortic gene expression. Additionally, in cholesterol-fed C57BL/6J mice, we examined the effects of MCMV infection on aortic lesion area. C57BL/6J apoE-/- and wild-type C57BL/6J mice were infected with MCMV. At various time points, aortas were collected and pooled. Total RNA was extracted and hybridized to Affymetrix murine chips or analyzed for specific gene expression using TaqMan reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Data from infected and uninfected mice were compared. A separate group of cholesterol-fed C57BL/6J mice were infected with MCMV, and lesion area in the aortic sinus was assessed using oil red O staining. Acute MCMV infection altered aortic expression of atherogenic genes in young apoE-/- and C57BL/6J mice-specifically, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, monokine induced by interferon-gamma, and interferon-gamma inducible protein 10. Acute infection in adult 9-month-old apoE-/- mice with well-established lesions increased aortic expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1. Atherosclerotic lesion area in cholesterol-fed C57BL/6J mice was increased after infection with MCMV. MCMV infection significantly increases atherosclerotic lesion area and aortic expression of atherogenic genes. These infection-induced effects indicate mechanisms by which cytomegalovirus may contribute to atherosclerotic disease initiation and progression and to the precipitation of clinical events. These results additionally add to data compatible with the concept that infection does play an important role in atherosclerotic disease.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2004 · Circulation
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    ABSTRACT: Decreased nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity induces left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), but the transcriptional pathways mediating this effect are unknown. We hypothesized that specific NOS isoform deletion (NOS3 or NOS1) would activate different transcriptional programs in LVH. We analyzed cardiac expression profiles (Affymetrix MG-U74A) from NOS-/- mice using robust multi-array average (RMA). Of 12,422 genes analyzed, 47 genes were differentially expressed in NOS3-/- and 67 in NOS1(-/-) hearts compared with wild type (WT). Only 16 showed similar changes in both NOS-/- strains, most notably decreased heat-shock proteins (HSP10, 40, 70, 86, 105). Hypertrophied NOS1-/- hearts had unique features, including decreased myocyte-enriched calcineurin interacting protein and paradoxical downregulation of fetal isoforms (alpha-skeletal actin and brain natriuretic peptide). Cluster analyses demonstrated that NOS1 deletion caused more pronounced changes in the myocardial transcriptome than did NOS3 deletion, despite similar cardiac phenotypes. These findings suggest that the transcriptional basis for LVH varies depending on the inciting biochemical stimulus. In addition, NOS isoforms appear to play distinct roles in modulating cardiac structure.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2003 · Physiological Genomics
  • Sarfraz A. Durrani · Thomas P. Cappola · Brian Rah · Eric Hoffman · Joshua M. Hare

    No preview · Article · Mar 2002 · Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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    Preview · Article · Mar 2002 · Journal of the American College of Cardiology