Ryusuke Saito

Shizuoka Saiseikai General Hospital, Sizuoka, Shizuoka, Japan

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Publications (8)5.06 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Although the anterolateral and anteromedial thigh flaps have such disadvantages as anatomical variations in the lateral circumflex femoral system and its cutaneous perforators, they have a sufficient number of cutaneous perforators on the anterior aspect of the thigh in many cases, meaning double anterior thigh flaps can be elevated from the ipsilateral thigh. We report 8 cases in which single-pedicle double anterior thigh flaps were transferred for reconstruction of head and neck defects following resection of head and neck tumors from January 1995 to March 2001 at Okayama Saiseikai General Hospital. Eight double anterior thigh flaps were classified into the following 3 types by perforator derivation: Type I flaps consisting of double anterolateral thigh flaps with a single vascular source were elevated in 4 cases. Type II flaps consisting of anterolateral thigh flap and anteromedial thigh flap supplied by separate branches from a single vascular source were elevated in 2 cases. Type III flaps, in which two anterior thigh flaps were harvested separately and constructed into a single flap with microvascular anastomosis, were elevated in 2 cases. Double anterior thigh flaps were combined with vascularized bone, and 2 flaps supplied by independent long vascular pedicles from a single vascular source could be 3-dimensionally arranged. All flaps completely survived in 7 cases and functionally and aesthetically acceptable results were obtained except in 1 case whose flap was lost to major necrosis after infection. We concluded that the single-pedicle double-flap technique using anterior thigh flaps is useful in 3-dimensional reconstruction of massive complex head and neck defects since sufficient tissue implant with preserved blood flow and free flap arrangement is made available.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2004 · Nippon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho
  • Manabu Maeta · Kinya Uno · Ryusuke Saito
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    ABSTRACT: The benefits of plastination specimens in temporal bone surgery (TBS) were evaluated. A formalin-preserved human temporal bone was drilled and dissected with the middle cranial fossa approach or the translabyrinthine (or transcochlear) approach. The specimen was thereafter subjected to silicon impregnation. The flexibility of the dura mater after plastination was maintained, and not only bony structures such as the auditory ossicles and semicircular canals but also soft tissues such as the facial nerve, internal carotid artery and the sinus attached to the dura mater were easily discriminated. The technique furnishes a persistently dry, odorless and durable specimen that allows handling and may serve as the most ideal specimen for anatomical learning of various approaches of TBS.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2004 · Auris Nasus Larynx
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    ABSTRACT: Eleven patients who had been surgically treated from 1988 to 1999 were retrospectively reviewed in order to evaluate the efficacy of ventilation tube insertion and mastoidectomy with, or without, mastoid obliteration for intractable middle-ear cholesterol granuloma. The mean age registered was 17.2 years at the time of surgical treatment. All cases were unilaterally affected. Five ears were treated with simple mastoidectomy coupled with the insertion of a ventilation tube, while six others had additional mastoid obliteration. The hearing prognosis was excellent with an improved post-operative hearing level of 16.5 dB (cf. pre-operative 37.7 dB). However, morphological prognosis revealed two ears had a residual perforated tympanic membrane without otorrhoea after displacement of the ventilation tube. Of the remaining nine ears with intact placement of the ventilation tube, five had dry ears while four had occasional otorrhoea. Although the morphological prognosis was incomplete, treatments involving at least an insertion of a ventilation tube with thorough mastoidectomy were thought to be necessary.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2003 · The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
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    Manabu Maeta · Ryusuke Saito · Hideo Nameki
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    ABSTRACT: A patient presented with sudden hearing loss on her first visit to our department. Gadolinium-DTPA-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the posterior cranial fossa portrayed an intracanalicular tumour image (2-3 mm), and the pure tone average (PTA) and speech discrimination score (SDS) values were 65 dB and 60 per cent, respectively. Surgical intervention to remove the suspected tumour was scheduled by the translabyrinthine approach. Intracanalicular observations by the retrolabyrinthine approach revealed limited oedema on the inferior vestibular nerve with vascular dilation. The tumour image disappeared two years after the operation. Surgical findings and the post-operative course advocate that gadolinium-DTPA-enriched MRI image of an intracanalicular lesion such as arachnoiditis might produce a false-positive result.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2001 · The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
  • M Ao · K Uno · M Maeta · F Nakagawa · R Saito · Y Nagase
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    ABSTRACT: Anterior (anterolateral and anteromedial) thigh flaps based on the descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral vessels provide a long vascular pedicle and a large flap without sacrificing main vessels and muscles. Twenty-eight de-epithelialized anterior thigh flaps were transferred for reconstruction of head and neck defects following tumour ablation. Two flaps were lost in patients that had previously undergone high-dose radiotherapy following free tissue transfer. Vascularised fibula, vascularised iliac bone and other tissues were combined with anterior thigh flaps in 13 cases utilising the distal end or derivative branches of the vascular pedicle. Salivary fistula was seen in only one case, although there were many minor and major complications. In five cases, double skin flaps were harvested from the ipsilateral thigh. One of these flaps was used for coverage of intraoral defects, while the other was placed in the submandibular area to fill dead space. Compared with other methods, this multi-flap method is considered to be most suitable for dead space filling and contour correction.
    No preview · Article · Jul 1999 · British Journal of Plastic Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Orthodox myringoplasty was clinically compared with a simple method with fibrin glue which rapidly came into wide use after the report of Yuasa in 1989. In Okayama Saiseikai General Hospital, orthodox myringoplasty was performed in 109 ears from September 1988 to November 1995, and the simple method with fibrin glue was performed in 84 ears from May 1991 to November 1995. The results showed that 90.8% of all eardrum perforations treated by orthodox myringoplasty and 79.8% of all eardrum perforations treated by the simple fibrin glue method were successfully closed. The rate of closure with each method was low in patients with large perforations. Generally speaking the hearing prognosis with each method, hearing improvement was observed right after the operation, and the improved hearing became stable about six months later. The difference in hearing prognosis was investigated in patients with small or large perforations. In patients with large perforations, the improved hearing slightly worsened a year after treatment by orthodox myringoplasty. These results show that the simple method with fibrin glue had the advantage of good hearing prognosis over orthodox myringoplasty, while it was inferior in the rate of closure of large eardrum perforations. It was considered that a simple fibrin glue method should be devised to prevent reperforation and should be used for patients with large perforations.
    No preview · Article · Oct 1998 · Nippon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho
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    ABSTRACT: Six massive, composite oromandibular defects were reconstructed using combined anterior (anterolateral and anteromedial) thigh flaps and vascularised fibular graft in bridge or chimeric fashion. Except for minor dehiscence in one case and infection in another, all flaps survived without complication. Anterior thigh flaps provide large-calibre, long vascular pedicles while derivative branches from the lateral circumflex femoral system facilitate simultaneous transplantation of multiple components. Because the pedicle of the vascularised fibular graft is of insufficient length, the lateral circumflex femoral vessels provide a remote vascular source as a flow-through vascular conduit. A combined flap using the lateral circumflex femoral system is considered to be most suitable for reconstruction of through-and-through defects of the head and neck. The authors describe the advantages of this method and the detailed anatomy of the cutaneous perforators of the anterior thigh flaps.
    No preview · Article · Aug 1998 · British Journal of Plastic Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: A 44-year-old female with a facial nerve neurinoma extending to the middle cranial fossa is described. The symptoms of the patient included tinnitus and hearing loss on the affected side, with no history of facial palsy. The pathological diagnosis was made following a biopsy of the tumor obtained from behind the tympanic membrane under exploratory tympanotomy. A middle cranial fossa approach and middle ear surgery were required to remove the tumor, and facial nerve decompression was performed after removal of the tumor. Intraoperative findings revealed that the tumor, which originated from the vertical to the pyramidal portions of the facial nerve, occupied the aditus and the posterior half of the epitympanum and the mesotympanum. Destruction of the tegmen of the epitympanum was evident, and the tumor was adherent to the dura of the middle cranial fossa. The tumor was removed intracapsularly with preservation of the facial nerve, continuity of the nerve fiber was confirmed using nerve stimulator. Facial palsy which was severe on the left side after the surgery, but gradually improved to become partial paralysis until now. Subsequent CT scans and MRI have revealed no signs of recurrence, and symptoms of recurrence of the tumor are also absent at present.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1997