[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The pathologic manifestations of renal diseases related to monoclonal plasma cell dyscrasia include light chain deposition disease, the AL type of amyloidosis, and myeloma cast nephropathy. Light chain deposit disease (LCDD) is an uncommon condition in which monoclonal light chains are deposited in the glomeruli, tubules, and vessels causing varying degree of damage. We report a case of LCDD coincident with fibrillary glomerulonephropathy (FGN) in a 73-yr-old man with a diagnosis of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance who presented with progressive renal insufficiency and mild proteinuria. The serum kappa light chain level was markedly raised. Immunofluorescent stains showed IgG along with C3 and kappa staining in glomeruli, but lambda staining was negative. Electron microscopic studies revealed diffuse punctuate-type deposits along the subendothelial areas. There were also scattered randomly oriented fibrils with a mean fibril thickness of 15-25 nm seen mainly in the glomerular mesangium, consistent with FGN. The congo red stain was negative on the histologic section. The present case illustrates that LCDD can progress to develop FGN in a patient with monoclonal gammopathy.
Preview · Article · Feb 2007 · Annals of clinical and laboratory science
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report 2 complicated cases of thrombotic microangiopathy with chronic features and active components. The first case was a 36-yr-old woman with positive anti-DNA antibody and possible lupus cerebritis, who developed thrombotic microangiopathy secondary to a series of syndromes, including preeclampsia and anti-phospholipid antibody syndrome. Renal biopsy revealed no evidence of lupus nephritis and her renal function returned to normal 1 week after the biopsy. The second case was a 46-yr-old man who developed thrombotic microangiopathy of unknown etiology, which led to end-stage renal disease within 6 mo. The patient received a living related-donor transplant, but thrombotic microangiopathy recurred in the donor kidney only 40 days after the renal transplantation.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2006 · Annals of clinical and laboratory science
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Transplantation of kidneys with pre-existing glomerulonephritis (GN) has rarely been reported. Little is known of the subsequent evolution of donor pathology in the recipient. We report a transplant using a donor with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and a history of remote acute renal failure but normal renal function at death. Although the screening harvest biopsy was unremarkable, time zero post-implantation renal biopsy showed evidence of lupus nephritis (LN). Sequential protocol biopsies demonstrated gradual resolution of the donor pathology, and renal function was stable despite severe cardiac disease in the recipient. Studies examining the role of functional and biopsy data on outcomes in expanded criteria renal transplantation are reviewed, and the limits of guidance from use of this data are discussed. Pre-existing mild GN may not be an absolute donor exclusion for candidates willing to accept expanded criteria donors. Use of expanded pool kidneys should be guided by functional, biopsy and demographic information, as no single factor alone predicts outcome.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2005 · American Journal of Transplantation
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report the case of a 46-yr-old man with a 16-yr history of type I diabetes mellitus who developed rapid onset of nephrotic syndrome. Renal biopsy revealed diabetic nephropathy, characterized by thickened glomerular basement membranes (GBM), mild nodular glomerulosclerosis, and focal arteriolar hyalinization. Immunofluorescent (IF) studies showed strong granular IgM staining along glomerular loops, with subepithelial and intramembranous immune complex deposits along glomerular capillary loops demonstrated by electron microscopy (EM). These findings are consistent with membranous glomerulopathy with IgM as the predominant immunoglobulin. In addition, there were large aggregates of electron-dense material composed of numerous ring or spherical particles, ranging from 200 to 400 nm, in Bowman's space, which corresponded to eosinophilic aggregates on light microscopy (LM) and strong IgM stained materials by IF studies.
No preview · Article · Feb 2005 · Annals of clinical and laboratory science