Els L L M De Schryver

University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands

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Publications (2)7.02 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare but potentially serious disorder in children. There is no literature on the long-term neuropsychological and emotional sequelae and implications for quality of life. We studied 17 children who had CVST after the neonatal period, aged between 1 month and 16 years at the time of CVST (mean age at CVST was 6 years, median 4 years 8 months). Five children died during follow-up. The cause of death was related to CVST in one child. Twelve children participated in a clinical follow-up assessment. Mean follow-up was 2 years 8 months. One child had physical sequelae with impairment of skilled movement. All children had average or high intelligence scores. Two children with CVST due to an uncomplicated mastoiditis had mild cognitive deficits: one child had difficulty with written language; the other had diminished cognitive efficiency with concentration and attention problems associated with decreased psychosocial functioning. Decreased physical well-being was reported in three of 12 children. We conclude that children who had survived CVST had a fair prognosis. Most had normal cognitive and physical development, although mild cognitive deficits or decreased physical and psychosocial well-being can occur.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2004 · Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology
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    ABSTRACT: Little is known about long-term physical sequelae, cognitive functioning, and quality of life of children who have had a haemorrhagic stroke. Fifty-six patients (29 females, 27 males) under 16 years of age at time of the bleeding were studied. Mean age at time of bleeding was 7.7 years (range 1 month to 15.9 years). The primary site and cause of the bleeding at baseline were determined. Occurrences of death, re-bleedings, and seizures during follow-up were recorded. Patients who survived were invited for a follow-up examination including physical check-up, general screening of cognition, and an inventory of subjective health perception. Thirteen children died directly as a result of the haemorrhage; nine experienced a recurrent bleeding, which was fatal in three; six children developed epileptic seizures. At follow-up 36 of 56 patients were still alive. Mean follow-up time was 10.3 years (range 1.3 to 19.9 years) and mean age was 18.6 years (range 1.8 to 34.1 years). There was no patient lost to follow-up. Five patients declined to visit the hospital. In 15 out of 31 patients who could be examined, no physical impairment was observed, 11 had a hemiparesis of varying severity, and three had symptoms of cerebellar ataxia. One child had persisting tetraparesis and one persisting paraparesis. Signs of cognitive deficits were found in 15 patients. Of the children who survive haemorrhagic stroke, the physical and functional prognosis is relatively good, as almost all children were independent at follow-up. However, only a quarter of the surviving children had no physical or cognitive deficit after a mean follow-up period of 10 years. The majority had low self-esteem as well as emotional, behavioural, and health problems.
    Full-text · Article · May 2003 · Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology