Yoshiharu Nara

Yokkaichi Municipal Hospital, Yokkaiti, Mie, Japan

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Publications (19)26.68 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We report a 74-year-old woman with cervical cancer who developed pulmonary cryptococcosis which presented as a solitary focal ground-glass opacity (GGO) on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). Serial HRCT showed the progression from the GGO to a discrete solid nodule. We hypothesize that the initial GGO may correspond pathologically to partial filling of air spaces with cryptococcal organisms and inflammatory cells. To our knowledge, this is the first report of pulmonary cryptococcosis with a solitary focal GGO on HRCT in the literature.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2004 · Internal Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: It is generally known that even with permanent sections, the differential diagnosis between follicular adenoma and follicular carcinoma is often difficult to determine. It is not unusual to encounter patients diagnosed with benign follicular adenoma whose diagnoses have to be changed to malignancies because of recurrence or metastasis. As the monoclonal antibody HBME-1 produced by mesothelioma cells has been shown to have reactivity in thyroid carcinomas, we investigated the diagnostic usefulness of HBME-1 in follicular neoplasms. Immunohistochemical staining for HBME-1 was performed on 205 various thyroid tumors using the labeled streptavadin biotin peroxidase method. When hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was performed again for this study and all cases were examined in accordance with the WHO Histological Classifications 2nd Edition, 87.2% (54/62) of adenomatous goiter and 72.6% (45/62) of follicular adenoma were negative. On the other hand, 84.6% (33/39) of follicular carcinoma and 97.2% (35/36) of papillary carcinoma were positive. All anaplastic (2/2) and medullary (4/4) carcinoma were negative. Examination in follicular neoplasms had a sensitivity of 84.6%, specificity of 72.6%, positive predictive value of 66.0% and overall accuracy of 77.2%. Among the cases treated as follicular adenoma clinically, the diagnosis of 13 cases was changed to follicular carcinoma, and 6 cases to papillary carcinoma for this study. These cases showed strong HBME-1 positivity. Two of the follicular carcinoma cases experienced recurrence. We conclude that immunohistochemical staining with HBME-1 may be useful clinically to pick out cases with a high risk of recurrence in follicular carcinoma, and that benign adenoma cases need close follow-up.
    Preview · Article · May 2003 · Endocrine Journal
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    ABSTRACT: A high prevalence of nasal lymphoma expressing a T- or natural killer (NK)-cell phenotype (NTCL) with frequent association of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been indicated in Asians. To characterize NTCL among the Japanese, the clinicopathologic features of 32 cases were evaluated and the cases were also analyzed for EBV-RNA using an ISH method. Morphologically, 31 cases were identified by atypical pleomorphic lymphoid infiltrates with polymorphous, angicentric, and necrotic features. Their lymphoma cells ranged in size from small to large and were mixed in varying proportion from case to case. The other one case showed a monomorphic 'blastic' appearance. EBV-encoded small RNA (EBER) was detected in the neoplastic cells of 27 of the 32 cases examined. In the five EBV-negative cases, one was the 'blastic' type. Clonal T-cell receptor gene rearrangement was detected in none of seven cases examined. The patients had a median follow-up of 9 months (range, 1 month to 14 years and 11 months). The Kaplan-Meier estimate of overall survival was 49% at 5 years, correlating with clinical stage. These data support the concept that most cases of NTCL are identified as tumors with T/NK-cell characteristics and EBV association, distinctly different from other peripheral T-cell lymphomas. Furthermore, the one case of an EBV-negative 'blastic' variant appears not to fit well into the pleomorphic category but more closely resembles the pathologic features of extranasal angiocentric lymphoma with lymphoblastoid appearance. This study also showed no clear difference in clinical aspects other than the original site or in prognosis, between NTCL and extranasal angiocentric lymphomas despite the higher incidence of EBV association and the tendency for that peculiar anatomical site to be restricted to the former group.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1997 · Pathology International
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    ABSTRACT: Immunohistochemical localization of the large proteoglycan, PG-M/versican, was studied in 36 breast tumours, including infiltrating ductal carcinomas, benign tumours and fibrocystic diseases. The relation between the proteoglycan and the other extracellular matrix components was also investigated. In the carcinoma tissues, the interstitial elements of the 'specific stroma', consisting of fibroblastic cells and fine fibrils, were reactive to antibody 2B1, which specifically recognizes the large proteoglycan, PG-M/versican. In the peripheral invasive areas of infiltrating ductal carcinoma, the most intense 2B1-positive reaction was visualized in mesenchymal tissues between carcinoma cells clumps and the surrounding tissues, where hyaluronic acid could be demonstrated histochemically. The 2B1-positive elements were not reactive to antibody 6B6, which specifically recognizes small proteoglycan. In the central sclerotic areas, where antibody 6B6 was reactive, a 2B1-positive reaction was detected only in elastosis masses, which also bound antibodies to type IV collagen and laminin, and to some extent antibody raised against chondroitin 6-sulphate proteoglycan. Elastic tissues of blood vessel walls and perivascular elements became reactive to antibody 2B1 when they were involved in carcinoma invasion. The present results have shown that PG-M/versican was localized in the proliferating interstitial tissues, in particular in hyaluronic acid-rich portions, in association with carcinoma cell growth, and also that PG-M/versican accumulated in vascular and perivascular elastic tissues involved in carcinoma invasion. The biological significance of PG-M/versican was briefly discussed.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1997 · The Histochemical Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Immunohistochemical localizations of a large proteoglycan, PG-M/versican were investigated in normal human tissues (possibly free from pathological changes) obtained from biopsy or autopsy, with monoclonal 2B1, which has been found to be specifically recognize PG-M. The positive-2B1 reaction was mostly visualized in association with orcein-positive elastic tissues, i.e., the walls of large elastic arteries (aorta, carotid, subclavian and iliac), deeper parts of dermis, the elastic fiber bundles of bronchial tube and perivascular tissues of small vessels. In general, a few 2B1-positive fibroblastic cells were visible mainly in perivascular connective tissues, but in ground substance-rich portions (i.e., upper dermis and the lamina propria of urinary bladder) the 2B1-positive fibroblastic cells and fine fibers were relatively numerous. The basal layer surrounding certain epithelia (i.e., sweat gland, accessory mucous gland of bronchial tube, mammary duct and transitional cell layer of urinary bladder) was found to be 2B1-positive. From these results, it was conceivable that the large proteoglycan, PG-M/versican, is localized mainly in flexible, movable or unstable portions of normal tissues, even though no pathological changes were noted.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1997
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    ABSTRACT: In order to clarify the characteristics of granulosa cell tumors of the ovary, extracellular matrix components were investigated by immunohistochemical techniques. Twenty-three granulosa cell tumors (GCT; eight juvenile and 15 adult type) were studied in comparison with non-neoplastic granulosa cells of human ovaries. In all 23 cases of GCT, chondroitin 6-sulfate proteoglycan revealed with antibody 3B3 was characteristically observed in the extracellular matrix in the solid nest, as well as in microfollicles. In the juvenile cases, the extracellular matrix also contained large proteoglycan (PG) revealed with antibody 2B1. Macrofollicles as well as microfollicles contained PG chondroitin 6-sulfate side chains with a significant amount of chondroitin 4-sulfate. By biochemical analysis using high pressure liquid chromatography, it was also found that disaccharide composition of glycosaminoglycan fractions extracted from granulosa cell tumor tissues consisted mainly of 2-acetamide-2-deoxyl-3-O-(beta-D-gluco-4-enepyranosyluronic acid)-6-O-sulfo-D-galactose (delta Di-6S). The characteristic feature of granulosa cell tumors is the accumulation of chondroitin sulfate PG, especially chondroitin 6-sulfate PG, which may be synthesized by the tumor cells themselves. Immunohistochemical characterization of the extracellular matrix components (collagen, laminin, heparan sulfate PG, chondroitin 4-sulfate PG) was also studied in relation to chondroitin 6-sulfate PG localization.
    No preview · Article · Apr 1994 · Pathology International

  • No preview · Article · Jan 1992
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    ABSTRACT: Proteoglycans (PGs) were localised immunohistochemically in 52 salivary gland tumours including pleomorphic adenoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, acinic cell carcinoma, oncocytoma, mucoepidermoid carcinoma, clear cell tumour and Warthin tumour, using antibodies raised against large PG, small PG, chondroitin 4-sulphate PG, chondroitin 6-sulphate PG, heparan sulphate PG and keratan sulphate PG. Large PGs were mainly observed in mucinous materials of extracellular matrix (ECM) and interstitial fibrous element of tumour tissues, while small PGs were located only in hyaline matrix and surrounding fibrous (capsular) connective tissues. Chondroitin 6-sulphate PG was detected in the ECM of pleomorphic adenomas and clear cell carcinomas and in pseudocystic spaces of adenoid cystic carcinomas, but only in vessel walls in non-neoplastic tissues. Keratan sulphate PG was observed to locate in mucinous material of pleomorphic adenomas, acinic cell carcinomas and clear cell carcinomas, but not in the adenoid cystic carcinomas examined, and it was also unobservable in non-neoplastic salivary gland tissues. Heparan sulphate PG was observed on the inner surfaces of true ductal spaces of adenoid cystic carcinomas and on cell surfaces of oncocytoma cells. By HPLC analysis, individual glycosaminoglycans contained in tumour tissues were compared. Chondroitin 6-sulphate PG was very rich in ECM of pleomorphic adenomas and adenoid cystic carcinomas. Pleomorphic adenomas contained relatively more low-sulphated chondroitin sulphate than adenoid cystic carcinomas and other tumours.
    Preview · Article · Sep 1991 · British Journal of Cancer

  • No preview · Article · Jan 1991
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    ABSTRACT: Seventy-one cases of ovarian epithelial tumor of borderline malignancy have been surveyed from a clinicopathologic viewpoint. The majority of the borderline tumors (73.2%) were of the mucinous type, versus only 16.9% of the serous type. The other types--endometrioid (2.8%), Brenner (1.4%), and mixed type (5.6%)--were much rarer. Patients with mucinous tumors were significantly younger (mean age 42.6) than those with serous tumors (mean age 57.5) (P less than 0.01). Of patients with mucinous tumors, 64.2% were of reproductive age (15-45 years), compared with 17% of patients with serous tumors. Some 78.8% of mucinous and 83.3% of serous borderline tumors were FIGO stage I. Serous tumors were more frequently bilateral (66.7%) than mucinous tumors (9.8%). In mucinous borderline tumors, the extent of tumor spread at the first laparotomy had an intimate relationship to the prognosis, but in serous borderline tumors, it was insignificant. The survival rate of patients with mucinous borderline tumors was 69.3% at 5 years and 62.4% at 10 years (Kaplan-Meier method). Most patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei classified as borderline at the time of discovery died within 5 years of the operation. The prognosis of the serous type was extremely favorable. Criteria for borderline tumors of various cell types and differences in the clinicopathologic data of ovarian borderline tumors between Japan and other countries were discussed.
    No preview · Article · Aug 1990 · Gynecologic Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: The relative frequency and the age distribution of ovarian tumors (873 primary and 47 secondary tumors) encountered over 23 years at Nagoya University Hospital were examined with respect to histological type and grade of malignancy. Of the primary neoplasms, common epithelial tumors accounted for 56.6%, sex cord-stromal tumors for 7.3%, and germ cell tumors for 39.5%. Among 296 cases with primary malignant neoplasms, common epithelial type accounted for 75.6%, sex cord-stromal tumors for 4.7%, and germ cell tumors for 19.6%. A review of the literature from Western countries indicated that in Japan, the relative frequency of common epithelial tumors is lower but that of germ cell tumors, especially malignant germ cell tumors, is higher. The difference in the incidence of germ cell tumors between Japan and Western countries is not considered significant, and the incidence of common epithelial tumors is considered to be much lower in Japan.
    No preview · Article · May 1990 · Gynecologic Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Proteoglycans (PGs) were isolated from yolk sac tumor and chondroitin sulfate large PG (core molecule with a molecular weight congruent to 200,000) and small PG (core molecule with a molecular weight congruent to 50,000) were detected. Immunohistochemical localization of PGs in three yolk sac tumors was investigated using monoclonal antibodies raised against both small and large PGs, which were purified from human ovarian fibroma capsule and a yolk sac tumor, respectively. The localization of large PG was observed to be distinct from that of small PG. A markedly positive reaction for antibody against large PG was observed in myxomatous areas, perivascular and perivesicular portions; hyaline globules were the most intensely reactive. In the areas showing a polyvesicular vitelline tumor pattern, the compact connective tissue stroma consisted of small PGs. It is conceivable that large PGs are synthesized by immature mesenchymal cells and also by epithelial-like cells as a basement membrane component, whereas small PGs are synthesized by mature fibroblastic cells synthesizing collagen. Immunohistochemical localization of other extracellular matrix components (laminin, fibronectin, type I-IV collagen) was also studied in relation to PG localization.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1990 · Virchows Archiv B Cell Pathology
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    ABSTRACT: The immunohistochemical localization of large proteoglycan and small proteoglycan was observed, using antibodies 2B1 and 6B6 (Sobueet al., 1988, 1989a), in fetal and adult pancreas and biliary system as well as in tumour tissues, obtained from 11 autopsies and 74 biopsies. The distribution of chondroitin 4- and 6-sulphate side chains, type I and IV collagen and elastin were also studied. In adult pancreas and all the biliary tracts examined, periductal fibrous tissues consisted mainly of dermatan sulphate small proteoglycan with networks of fibrous elements, which were composed of large proteoglycan, elastin, type I collagen and type IV collagen. In the interstitial components of cystadenoma of pancreas and biliary duct carcinoma, similar small proteoglycan-rich components were relatively abundant, although large proteoglycan was present in much larger amounts than that in non-neoplastic adult tissues. In some cholangiomas, the extra-and intracellular hyaline globules formed by the carcinoma cells were found to contain chondroitin sulphate large proteoglycan, laminin and fibronectin. The distribution of proteoglycans was observed to be different in the arterial walls of the interlobular tissues of the adult and the fetal pancreas. The biological significance of large and small proteoglycans in the interstitial connective tissues was discussed.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1990 · The Histochemical Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Mouse bone marrow cells were seeded on small pieces of cover glasses placed in culture dishes, and after 3 days, the pieces of glass to which only small spindle cells adhered were transferred to another dish containing fresh medium. The adherent small spindle cells proliferated and some of them became large polygonal cells with abundant cytoplasm. When phenyl beta-D-thioxyloside (0.5 mM), an artificial initiator of chondroitin sulfate chain synthesis, was added to the culture medium, the cells showed a marked increase in number as compared to controls, with conversion of about 35% of the cells to large size cells. Immunohistochemical staining with monoclonal antibodies showed that the intercellular matrix of adherent cells consists mainly of a large proteglylcan with chondroitin 6-sulfate side chains. By histochemical analysis, the amount of chondroitin sulfate was shown to be greater in the intercellular matrices of xyloside-treated groups than those of control cultures. The amount of chondroitin sulfate in the growth medium of the adherent cells, as measured by uronic acid analysis, was also significantly increased by treatment with phenyl beta-D-thioxyloside compared with controls.
    No preview · Article · Nov 1989 · Experimental Hematology
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    ABSTRACT: A large proteoglycan with chondroitin sulphate and dermatan sulphate side chains has been isolated and purified from a yolk sac tumour of the left ovary from a 23-year-old female. A monoclonal antibody, designated 2B1, was produced which reacted specifically with the intact molecule of the large proteoglycan and the chondroitinase ABC-treated core molecule. The localization of substances showing cross-reactivity to this antibody was studied in a variety of human tissues by means of indirect immunohistochemistry. The interstitial elements of nearly all tissues of a 5-month-old foetus were intensely reactive with the antibody, but in adult tissues structures that gave positive reactions were limited; only the perivascular and perimuscular fibrous elements were reactive, except for the aorta, which reacted extensively. In contrast, the interstitial elements of the carcinoma tissues tested were intensely reactive. Thus antibody 2B1 can be regarded as a useful tool for studies on the immunohistochemical localization of large proteoglycan in various human tissues.
    No preview · Article · Sep 1989 · The Histochemical Journal
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    ABSTRACT: An unusually rare case of unilateral gonadoblastoma with dysgerminoma occurring in the ovary of a 28-year-old woman with two normal children is reported.
    No preview · Article · Sep 1989 · Human Pathlogy

  • No preview · Article · Jan 1989
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    ABSTRACT: The characteristics of so-called "embryoid body" appearing in gonadal germ cell tumors were studied histologically and immunohistochemically on serial sections of three cases (one ovary and two testes). The embryoid bodies were usually observed to be contiguous with immature or mature intestinal ducts, hepatic nests, or epidermal cell nests on serial sections, though they appeared to be isolated in one section. The "amniotic cavity"-like structure of embryoid body was continuous with intestinal duct, and rarely with squamous cell nests, while the "yolk sac" was continuous with hepatic tissue. In these immature or mature structures, differentiation was always found independently of "disc," and portions of "ectoderm" and "endoderm" remained less differentiated in comparison with others. These findings were in contrast with a normal embryo in which immature and/or mature structures are derived from the embryonic disc. The amniotic cavity connected frequently with yolk sac. From the present results, the embryoid body is not considered to be a real or teratomatous embryo, but only a product during a divergent differentiation into intestine and liver from the plastic epithelium, which seems to be derived from an embryonic gut.
    No preview · Article · Nov 1988 · Human Pathlogy

  • No preview · Article · Jan 1987