Tsung-Ying Yang

National Yang Ming University, T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan

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Publications (45)260.98 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In this study, EGFR-activating mutation status and DNA copy number abundances of members of ErbB family were measured in 261 lung adenocarcinomas. The associations between DNA copy number abundances of ErbB family, EGFR-activating mutation status, and prognosis were explored. Results showed that DNA copy number abundances of EGFR, ERBB2, ERBB3, and ERBB4 had associations with overall survival in lung adenocarcinoma with EGFR-activating mutations. In the stratification analysis, only ERBB2 showed significant discrepancy in patients carrying wild type EGFR and other members of ErbB family in patients carrying EGFR-activating mutation. This indicated that CNAs of ErbB family had effect modifications of EGFR-activating mutation status. Findings of this study demonstrate potential molecular guidance of patient management of lung adenocarcinoma with or without EGFR-activating mutations.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Oncotarget
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    ABSTRACT: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of lung cancer in Asian never-smoking women have previously identified six susceptibility loci associated with lung cancer risk. To further discover new susceptibility loci, we imputed data from four GWAS of Asian non-smoking female lung cancer (6877 cases and 6277 controls) using the 1000 Genomes Project (Phase 1 Release 3) data as the reference and genotyped additional samples (5878 cases and 7046 controls) for possible replication. In our meta-analysis, three new loci achieved genome-wide significance, marked by single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs7741164 at 6p21.1 (per-allele odds ratio (OR) = 1.17; P = 5.8 × 10−13), rs72658409 at 9p21.3 (per-allele OR = 0.77; P = 1.41 × 10−10) and rs11610143 at 12q13.13 (per-allele OR = 0.89; P = 4.96 × 10−9). These findings identified new genetic susceptibility alleles for lung cancer in never-smoking women in Asia and merit follow-up to understand their biological underpinnings.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · Human Molecular Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate the associations among lung cancer location, and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status. Treatment-naive, pathologically confirmed lung adenocarcinomas with tumor specimens available for genetic analysis were included from 2011 through 2014. Overall, 1771 patients with lung adenocarcinoma were included for analysis, after excluding those with carcinoma not otherwise specified, or synchronous multiple primary lung cancers. The median age was 64 years, and the female:male and never smoker:ever smoker ratios were 930:855 (52:48%) and 1167:604 (65:35%), respectively. The EGFR mutation rate was 56%. Among patients, 1093 (62%) had primary tumors in the upper lobes. Compared with the characteristics of the EGFR wild-type, tumors with EGFR activating mutations were more common in women (P < 0.001), never smokers (P < 0.001), and in the upper lobes (P = 0.004). Among EGFR activating mutations, compared with the EGFR exon 19 deletion, L858R mutation were more common in women (P = 0.002), never smokers (P = 0.038), and the upper lobes P < 0.0005). The present study is the first to address that different pulmonary lobar locations might harbor different EGFR mutation subtypes. We demonstrated that adenocarcinomas with L858R mutation, rather than exon 19 deletion or wild-type EGFR gene, prefer to locate over the upper lungs. This phenomenon was more significant in females and never-smokers, implying the result of complex interactions between genetic susceptibility and environmental factors. Therefore, EGFR L858R mutation and exon 19 deletion may not be identical disease entity from the point of carcinogenesis.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Carcinogenesis
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Smoking status is an important determinant of the prevalence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in lung cancer patients. However, it is unclear whether smoking status could also influence the spectrum of EGFR mutations. Methods: We enrolled patients with lung adenocarcinoma from three medical centers in Taiwan. EGFR mutations were assessed by Sanger direct sequencing. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of smoking status on both the frequency and patterns of EGFR mutations. Results: From 2001 to 2013, a total of 1175 patients with lung adenocarcinoma were enrolled for EGFR mutation analysis. The overall EGFR mutation rate was 59.6%, which was significantly higher in females than males (69.1% vs. 49.8%) and in non-smokers than current/former smokers (73.8% vs. 29.8%) (both P<0.001). Among patients harboring EGFR mutations, smokers expressed L858R mutation less frequently (35.2% vs. 50.2%, P=0.005) and exon 19 deletions more frequently (52.8% vs 38.8%, P=0.008) than non-smokers. Smokers and non-smokers also had divergent exon 19 deletions subtypes (Del E746-A750 82.5% vs. 57.6%, respectively, P<0.001). Among subgroup patients harboring the L858R mutation, smokers were associated with a higher rate of complex mutations than non-smokers (34.2% vs. 8.4%, P<0.001). Conclusions: Our results suggested that smoking status could influence not only the frequency but also the spectrum of EGFR mutations. These findings provide a clue for further investigation of EGFR mutagenesis.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
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    Full-text · Dataset · Oct 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Koelreuteria henryi Dummer, an endemic plant of Taiwan, has been used as a folk medicine for the treatment of hepatitis, enteritis, cough, pharyngitis, allergy, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and cancer. Austrobailignan-1, a natural lignan derivative isolated from Koelreuteria henryi Dummer, has anti-oxidative and anti-cancer properties. However, the effects of austrobailignan-1 on human cancer cells have not been studied yet. Here, we showed that austrobailignan-1 inhibited cell growth of human non-small cell lung cancer A549 and H1299 cell lines in both dose- and time-dependent manners, the IC50 value (48 h) of austrobailignan-1 were 41 and 22 nM, respectively. Data from flow cytometric analysis indicated that treatment with austrobailignan-1 for 24 h retarded the cell cycle at the G2/M phase. The molecular event of austrobailignan-1-mediated G2/M phase arrest was associated with the increase of p21Waf1/Cip1 and p27Kip1 expression, and decrease of Cdc25C expression. Moreover, treatment with 100 nM austrobailignan-1 for 48 h resulted in a pronounced release of cytochrome c followed by the activation of caspase-2, -3, and -9, and consequently induced apoptosis. These events were accompanied by the increase of PUMA and Bax, and the decrease of Mcl-1 and Bcl-2. Furthermore, our study also showed that austrobailignan-1 was a topoisomerase 1 inhibitor, as evidenced by a relaxation assay and induction of a DNA damage response signaling pathway, including ATM, and Chk1, Chk2, γH2AX phosphorylated activation. Overall, our results suggest that austrobailignan-1 is a novel DNA damaging agent and displays a topoisomerase I inhibitory activity, causes DNA strand breaks, and consequently induces DNA damage response signaling for cell cycle G2/M arrest and apoptosis in a p53 independent manner.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Adenocarcinoma is the most dominant type of lung cancer in never-smoker patients. The risk alleles from genome-wide association studies have small odds ratios and unclear biologic roles. Here we have taken an approach featuring suitable medical actionability to identify alleles with low population frequency but high disease-causing potential. Whole-genome sequencing was performed for a family with an unusually high density of lung adenocarcinoma with available DNA from the affected mother, four affected daughters, and one nonaffected son. Candidate risk alleles were confirmed by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectroscopy. Validation was conducted in an external cohort of 1,135 participants without cancer and 1,312 patients with lung adenocarcinoma. Family follow-ups were performed by genotyping the relatives of the original proband and the relatives of the identified risk-allele carriers. Low-dose computed tomography scans of the chest were evaluated for lung abnormalities. YAP1 R331W missense mutation from the original family was identified and validated in the external controls and the cohort with lung adenocarcinoma. The YAP1 mutant-allele carrier frequency was 1.1% in patients with lung adenocarcinoma compared with 0.18% in controls (P = .0095), yielding an odds ratio (adjusted for age, sex, and smoking status) of 5.9. Among the relatives, YAP1-mutant carriers have overwhelmingly higher frequencies of developing lung adenocarcinoma or ground-glass opacity lung lesions than those who do not carry the mutation (10:0 v 1:7; P < .001). YAP1 mutation was shown to increase the colony formation ability and invasion potential of lung cancer cells. These results implicated YAP1 R331W as an allele predisposed for lung adenocarcinoma with high familial penetrance. Low-dose computed tomography scans may be recommended to this subpopulation, which is at high risk for lung cancer, for personalized prevention and health management. © 2015 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Journal of Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Chemoresistance in cancer therapy is an unfavorable prognostic factor in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Elevation of intracellular calcium level in multidrug resistant (MDR) sublines leads to sensitization of MDR sublines to cell death. We demonstrated that a fungal protein from Ganoderma microsporum, GMI, elevates the intracellular calcium level and reduces the growth of MDR subline via autophagy and apoptosis, regardless of p-glycoprotein (P-gp) overexpression, in mice xenograft tumors. In addition, we examined the roles of autophagy in the death of MDR A549 lung cancer sublines by GMI, thapsigargin (TG) and tunicamycin (TM) in vitro. Cytotoxicity of TG was inhibited by overexpressed P-gp. However, TM-induced death of MDR sublines was independent of P-gp level. Combinations of TG and TM with either docetaxel or vincristine showed no additional cytotoxic effects on MDR sublines. TG- and TM-mediated apoptosis of MDR sublines was demonstrated on Annexin-V assay and Western blot and repressed by pan-caspase inhibitor (Z-VAD-FMK). Treatment of MDR sublines with TG and TM also augmented autophagy with accumulation of LC3-II proteins, breakdown of p62 and formation of acidic vesicular organelles (AVOs). Inhibition of ATG5 by shRNA silencing significantly reduced autophagy and cell death but not apoptosis following TG or TM treatment. GMI treatment inhibited the phosphorylation of Akt/S473 and p70S6K/T389. Interestingly, the phosphorylation of ERK was not associated with GMI-induced autophagy. We conclude that autophagy plays a pro-death role in acquired MDR and upregulation of autophagy by GMI via Akt/mTOR inhibition provides a potential strategy for overcoming MDR in the treatment of lung cancers.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: It is important to select appropriate targeted therapies for subgroups of patients with lung adenocarcinoma who have specific gene alterations. This prospective study was a multicenter project conducted in Taiwan for assessment of lung adenocarcinoma genetic tests. Five oncogenic drivers, including EGFR, KRAS, BRAF, HER2 and EML4-ALK fusion mutations, were tested. EGFR, KRAS, BRAF and HER2 mutations were assessed by MALDI-TOF MS (Cohort 1). EML4-ALK translocation was tested by Ventana method in EGFR-wild type patients (Cohort 2). From August 2011 to November 2013, a total of 1772 patients with lung adenocarcinoma were enrolled. In Cohort 1 analysis, EGFR, KRAS, HER2 and BRAF mutations were identified in 987 (55.7%), 93 (5.2%), 36 (2.0%) and 12 (0.7%) patients, respectively. Most of these mutations were mutually exclusive, except for co-mutations in seven patients (3 with EGFR + KRAS, 3 with EGFR + HER2 and 1 with KRAS + BRAF). In Cohort 2 analysis, 29 of 295 EGFR-wild type patients (9.8%) were positive for EML4-ALK translocation. EGFR mutations were more common in female patients and non-smokers and KRAS mutations were more common in male patients and smokers. Gender and smoking status were not correlated significantly with HER2, BRAF and EML4-ALK mutations. EML4-ALK translocation was more common in patients with younger age. This was the first study in Taiwan to explore the incidence of five oncogenic drivers in patients with lung adenocarcinoma and the results could be valuable for physicians in consideration of targeted therapy and inclusion of clinical trials.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: We previously carried out a multi-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) on lung cancer among never smokers in the Female Lung Cancer Consortium in Asia (FLCCA) (6,609 cases, 7,457 controls) that identified novel susceptibility loci at 10q25.2, 6q22.2, and 6p21.32, and confirmed two previously identified loci at 5p15.33 and 3q28. Household air pollution (HAP) attributed to solid fuel burning for heating and cooking, is the leading cause of the overall disease burden in Southeast Asia, and is known to contain lung carcinogens. To evaluate the gene-HAP interactions associated with lung cancer in loci independent of smoking, we analyzed data from studies participating in FLCCA with fuel use information available (n = 3; 1,731 cases; 1,349 controls). Coal use was associated with a 30 % increased risk of lung cancer (OR 1.3, 95 % CI 1.0-1.6). Among the five a priori SNPs identified by our GWAS, two showed a significant interaction with coal use (HLA Class II rs2395185, p = 0.02; TP63 rs4488809 (rs4600802), p = 0.04). The risk of lung cancer associated with coal exposure varied with the respective alleles for these two SNPs. Our observations provide evidence that genetic variation in HLA Class II and TP63 may modify the association between HAP and lung cancer risk. The roles played in the cell cycle and inflammation pathways by the proteins encoded by these two genes provide biological plausibility for these interactions; however, additional replication studies are needed in other non-smoking populations.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Human Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Recent evidence from several relatively small nested case-control studies in prospective cohorts shows an association between longer telomere length measured phenotypically in peripheral white blood cell (WBC) DNA and increased lung cancer risk. We sought to further explore this relationship by examining a panel of 7 telomere-length associated genetic variants in a large study of 5,457 never-smoking female Asian lung cancer cases and 4,493 never-smoking female Asian controls using data from a previously reported genome-wide association study. Using a group of 1,536 individuals with phenotypically measured telomere length in WBCs in the prospective Shanghai Women's Health study, we demonstrated the utility of a genetic risk score (GRS) of 7 telomere-length associated variants to predict telomere length in an Asian population. We then found that GRSs used as instrumental variables to predict longer telomere length were associated with increased lung cancer risk (OR = 1.51 (95% CI=1.34-1.69) for upper vs. lower quartile of the weighted GRS, P-value=4.54 × 10(-14) ) even after removing rs2736100 (P-value=4.81 × 10(-3) ), a SNP in the TERT locus robustly associated with lung cancer risk in prior association studies. Stratified analyses suggested the effect of the telomere-associated GRS is strongest among younger individuals. We found no difference in GRS effect between adenocarcinoma and squamous cell subtypes. Our results indicate that a genetic background that favors longer telomere length may increase lung cancer risk, which is consistent with earlier prospective studies relating longer telomere length with increased lung cancer risk. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. © 2014 UICC.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014 · International Journal of Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status in lung cancer can effectively predict EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) efficacy. We evaluated the role of dynamic plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) EGFR mutation status in outcome prediction. Advanced lung adenocarcinoma patients were enrolled and prospectively observed for outcomes of EGFR-TKI treatment. Peptide nucleic acid-Zip nucleic acid polymerase chain reaction (PNA-ZNA PCR) clamp method was developed to assess EGFR mutations in matched tumor and serial plasma cfDNA specimens. A total of 72 patients were enrolled in this study, of which 62 (86.1%) had EGFR-mutant tumors (34 with exon 19 deletions, and 28 with L858R). Pretreatment plasma used for EGFR mutation testing showed a sensitivity of 59.7% and a specificity of 100%. Detection sensitivity was significantly higher in stage IV-M1b patients compared to stage IIIb and IV-M1a patients (78.0% vs. 23.8%, P < 0.001). All patients who presented with EGFR-mutant tumors received first-line EGFR-TKI therapy. The objective response rate and disease control rate (DCR) were 74.2% and 82.3%, respectively. Median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 8.8 months (95% CI 6.6-11.0) and 20.5 months (95% CI 15.1-26.0), respectively. Failure to clear plasma EGFR mutations after EGFR-TKI treatment was an independent predictor of lower DCR (odds ratio 5.26 [95% CI 1.13-24.44], P = 0.034), shorter PFS (HR 1.97 [95% CI 1.33-2.91], P = 0.001), and shorter OS (HR 1.82 [95% CI 1.04-3.18], P = 0.036). Changes in plasma EGFR mutation status can be successfully assessed using the PNA-ZNA PCR clamp method and can serve as an independent outcome predictor.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
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    Mei-Chih Chen · Shih-Lan Hsu · Ho Lin · Tsung-Ying Yang
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    ABSTRACT: Retinoic acid which belongs to the retinoid class of chemical compounds is an important metabolite of vitamin A in diets. It is currently understood that retinoic acid plays important roles in cell development and differentiation as well as cancer treatment. Lung, prostate, breast, ovarian, bladder, oral, and skin cancers have been demonstrated to be suppressed by retinoic acid. Our results also show that low doses and high doses of retinoic acid may respectively cause cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of cancer cells. Also, the common cell cycle inhibiting protein, p27, and the new cell cycle regulator, Cdk5, are involved in retinoic acid's effects. These results provide new evidence indicating that the molecular mechanisms of/in retinoic acid may control cancer cells' fates. Since high doses of retinoic acid may lead to cytotoxicity, it is probably best utilized as a potential supplement in one's daily diet to prevent or suppress cancer progression. In this review, we have collected numerous references demonstrating the findings of retinoic acid in melanoma, hepatoma, lung cancer, breast cancer, and prostate cancer. We hope these observations will shed light on the future investigation of retinoic acid in cancer prevention and therapy.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Methods used for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation testing vary widely. The impact of detection methods on the rates of response to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in EGFR-wild type (wt) lung adenocarcinoma patients is unknown. Methods We recruited the Group-I patients to evaluate the efficacy of erlotinib in patients with EGFR-wt lung adenocarcinoma by either direct sequencing (DS) or mutant type-specific sensitive (MtS) methods in six medical centers in Taiwan. Cross recheck of EGFR mutations was performed in patients who achieved objective response to erlotinib and had adequate specimens. The independent Group-II lung adenocarcinoma patients whose EGFR mutation status determined by DS were recruited to evaluate the potential limitations of three MtS methods. Results In Group-I analysis, 38 of 261 EGFR-wt patients (14.6%) achieved partial response to erlotinib treatment. Nineteen patients (50.0%) had adequate specimens for cross recheck of EGFR mutations and 10 of them (52.6%) had changes in EGFR mutation status, 5 in 10 by DS and 5 in 9 by MtS methods originally. In Group-II analysis, 598 of 996 lung adenocarcinoma patients (60.0%) had detectable EGFR mutations. The accuracy rates of the three MtS methods, MALDI-TOF MS, Scorpions ARMS and Cobas, were 87.8%, 86.8% and 85.8%, respectively. Conclusions A significant portion of the erlotinib responses in EGFR-wt lung adenocarcinoma patients were related to the limitations of detection methods, not only DS but also MtS methods with similar percentages. Prospective studies are needed to define the proper strategy for EGFR mutation testing.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · PLoS ONE
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    Preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Life Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Background Tumor cells before and after epidermal growth-factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine-kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy might display different characteristics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of prior EGFR TKI therapy on the efficacy of subsequent pemetrexed plus platinum (PP) in advanced chemonaïve patients with EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinoma. Materials and methods Advanced chemonaïve patients with EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinoma receiving PP as first-line chemotherapy were enrolled retrospectively in two medical centers of Taiwan. The objective of this study was to compare objective response rate (ORR), disease-control rates (DCR), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) of PP in patients with and without prior EGFR TKI therapy. Results In total, 105 patients were analyzed. Sixty-one patients (58.1%) had prior EGFR TKI therapy and used PP as second-line treatment. The other 44 patients (41.9%) received PP as first-line therapy. ORRs of PP in patients with and without prior EGFR TKI therapy were 24.6% and 38.6%, respectively (P=0.138). DCRs of the two groups were 62.3% and 65.9%, respectively (P=0.837). The median PFS (6.1 versus 6.1 months, P=0.639) and OS (34.4 versus 32.3 months, P=0.394) were comparable between the groups with and without prior EGFR TKI therapy. In a subgroup analysis of patients with prior EGFR TKI therapy, there was no significant association between the efficacy of first-line EGFR TKI and the outcome of subsequent PP therapy. Conclusion Our results suggested that prior EGFR TKI therapy would not influence the efficacy of subsequent PP therapy in advanced chemonaïve patients with EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinoma.
    Full-text · Article · May 2014 · OncoTargets and Therapy
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    ABSTRACT: Pemetrexed is approved for first-line and maintenance treatment of patients with advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The protein kinase Akt/protein kinase B is a well-known regulator of cell survival which is activated by pemetrexed, but its role in pemetrexed-mediated cell death and its molecular mechanisms are unclear. This study showed that stimulation with pemetrexed induced S-phase arrest and cell apoptosis and a parallel increase in sustained Akt phosphorylation and nuclear accumulation in the NSCLC A549 cell line. Inhibition of Akt expression by Akt specific siRNA blocked S-phase arrest and protected cells from apoptosis, indicating an unexpected proapoptotic role of Akt in the pemetrexed-mediated toxicity. Treatment of A549 cells with pharmacological inhibitors of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), wortmannin and Ly294002, similarly inhibited pemetrexed-induced S-phase arrest and apoptosis and Akt phosphorylation, indicating that PI3K is an upstream mediator of Akt and is involved in pemetrexed-mediated cell death. Previously, we identified cyclin A-associated cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2) as the principal kinase that was required for pemetrexed-induced S-phase arrest and apoptosis. The current study showed that inhibition of Akt function and expression by pharmacological inhibitors as well as Akt siRNA drastically inhibited cyclin A/Cdk2 activation. These pemetrexed-mediated biological and molecular events were also observed in a H1299 cell line. Overall, our results indicate that, in contrast to its normal prosurvival role, the activated Akt plays a proapoptotic role in pemetrexed-mediated S-phase arrest and cell death through a mechanism that involves Cdk2/cyclin A activation.
    Preview · Article · May 2014 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Luteolin is a natural flavonoid that possesses a variety of pharmacological activities, such as anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer abilities. Whether luteolin regulates the transformation ability of Lung cancer cells remains unclear. The current study aims to uncover the effects and underling mechanisms of luteolin in regulation of and Epithelial-mesenchymal transition of lung cancer cells. The lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells were used in this experiment; the cells were pretreated with luteolin followed by administration with TGF-β1. The expression levels of various cadherin and related upstream regulatory modules were examined, KEY FINDINGS: Pretreatment of luteolin prevented the morphological change and downregulation of E-cadherin of A549 cells induced by TGF-β1. In addition, the activation of PI3K-AKT-IκBa-NF-κB-snail pathway which leading to the decline of E-cadherin induced by TGF-β1 also attenuated under the pretreatment of luteolin. We provide the mechanisms about how luteolin attenuated the Epithelial-mesenchymal transition of A549 lung cancer cells induced by TGF-β1. This finding will strengthen the anti-cancer effects of flavonoid compounds via the regulation of migration/invasion and EMT ability of various cancer cells.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2013 · Life sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Pemetrexed (MTA) is a multitargeted antifolate drug approved for lung cancer therapy. Clinically, supplementation with high doses of folic acid (FA) and vitamin B12 (VB12) lowers MTA cytotoxicities. An antagonistic effect of FA/VB12 on MTA efficacy has been proposed. However, patients who receive FA/VB12 show better tolerance to MTA with improved survival. The aims of this study are to investigate the modulation of FA and VB12 on MTA drug efficacy in human nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines. The sensitivities of cells, apoptosis, and MTA-regulated proteins were characterized to determine the possible effects of high doses of FA and VB12 on MTA efficacy. MTA has the lowest efficacy under 10% serum conditions. However, supplementation with FA and VB12 individually and additively reversed the insensitivity of NSCLC cells to MTA treatment with 10% serum. The enhanced sensitivities of cells following FA/VB12 treatment were correlated with increasing apoptosis and were specific to MTA but not to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Enhanced sensitivity was also associated with p21(WAF1/Cip1) expression level. Our results revealed no antagonistic effect of high doses of FA/VB12 on MTA efficacy in cancer cells grown in nutrient medium. Furthermore, these data may partially explain why supplementation of FA and VB12 resulted in better survival in MTA-treated patients.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2013
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    ABSTRACT: Pemetrexed, a new-generation antifolate, has demonstrated promising single-agent activity in front- and second-line treatments of non-small cell lung cancer. However, the molecular mechanism of pemetrexed-mediated antitumor activity remains unclear. The current study shows that pemetrexed induced DNA damage and caspase-2, -3, -8, and -9 activation in A549 cells and that treatment with caspase inhibitors significantly abolished cell death, suggesting a caspase-dependent apoptotic mechanism. The molecular events of pemetrexed-mediated apoptosis was associated with the activation of ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM)/p53-dependent and -independent signaling pathways, which promoted intrinsic and extrinsic apoptosis by upregulating Bax, PUMA, Fas, DR4, and DR5 and activating the caspase signaling cascade. Supplementation with dTTP allowed normal S-phase progression and rescued apoptotic death in response to pemetrexed. Overall, our findings reveal that the decrease of thymidylate synthase and the increase of Bax, PUMA, Fas, DR4, and DR5 genes may serve as biomarkers for predicting responsiveness to pemetrexed. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2013 · Molecular Carcinogenesis

Publication Stats

738 Citations
260.98 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014-2015
    • National Yang Ming University
      • Faculty of Medicine
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2012-2015
    • Taichung Hospital
      臺中市, Taiwan, Taiwan
    • University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
      Houston, Texas, United States
    • University of Houston
      Houston, Texas, United States
  • 2004-2015
    • Taichung Veterans General Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      臺中市, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2003-2013
    • Chung Shan Medical University
      • Institute of Medicine
      臺中市, Taiwan, Taiwan