[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Currently, the standard method of diagnosis of twin reversed arterial perfusion (TRAP) sequence is ultrasound imaging. The use of MRI for flow visualization may be a useful adjunct to US imaging for assessing the presence of retrograde blood flow in the acardiac fetus and/or umbilical artery. The technical challenge in fetal MRI flow imaging, however, is that fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring required for flow imaging is currently unavailable in the MRI scanner. A non-gated MRI flow imaging technique that requires no ECG monitoring was developed using the t-test to detect blood flow in 20 slices of phase-contrast MRI images randomly scanned at the same location over multiple cardiac cycles. A feasibility study was performed in a 24-week acardiac twin that showed no umbilical flow sonographically. Non-gated MRI flow images clearly indicated the presence of blood flow in the umbilical artery to the acardiac twin; however, there was no blood flow beyond the abdomen. This study leads us to conjecture that non-gated MRI flow imaging is sensitive in detecting low-range blood flow velocity and can be an adjunct to Doppler US imaging.
No preview · Article · Sep 2005 · Pediatric Radiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Great expertise is necessary to mentally compile a series of individual two-dimensional image sections into a three-dimensional (3D) composite view that can aid in differential diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to test 3D volume-rendering techniques for differentiating congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation from congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
The authors acquired T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images of a 27-week fetus in the sagittal plane and then applied the 3D volume-rendering method to the MR image data sets to obtain a composite 3D image.
It was unclear on the MR images whether the intestines were situated above or below the diaphragm. The composite image showed that the intestines were not herniated into the chest, and this facilitated a diagnosis of congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation rather than congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
The 3D volume-rendering techniques aided in the assessment of fetal organ structure and could be applied also to preoperative simulation and planning of fetal surgery.
No preview · Article · Apr 2003 · Academic Radiology