[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A Y-chromosome multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification kit, known as Y-PLEX 6, has been developed for use in human identification. The Y-PLEX 6 kit enables simultaneous amplification of six polymorphic short tandem repeat (STR) loci located on the non-recombinant region of the human Y-chromosome. These loci are: DYS393, DYS19, DYS38911, DYS390, DYS391, and DYS385. Our studies show that as little as 0.2 ng of template DNA can be used for analysis. The specificity of the amplification reaction enabled analysis of male DNA in a male:female DNA mixture at a ratio of 1:125. Among the six Y-STR loci, the maximum mean stutter percentage was 11.9 for allele at DYS38911 locus. Attempts at amplification of DNA from various animal sources revealed that the Y-PLEX 6 primers are human specific. Details of the development of the kit, generation and description of the allelic ladders, and validation of the multiplex PCR are presented. In addition, Y-STR allele and haplotype frequencies in three populations have been investigated. The data indicate that results obtained using the Y-PLEX 6 kit are robust, sensitive, and reliable and can be used in human forensic and male lineage identification cases.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2003 · Journal of Forensic Sciences
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: During STR analysis on the 310 Genetic Analyzer, retarded migration of GS500ROX size standards and alleles in some samples was observed. The contribution of reagents, capillary and performance optimized polymer POP 4 to the observed anomaly was experimentally eliminated. Variation in electrophoresis temperature between 55 degrees C and 65 degrees C did not alter the rate of migration of GX500ROX size standard and sample alleles. An eroded connector for the cathode mounted on the heat plate assembly caused the abnormal migration. Hence, it is important to verify the mobility of all fragments in the size standard for each sample to avoid any erroneous allele calls by the automated data analysis software.
Preview · Article · Dec 2000 · Journal of Forensic Sciences