[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A flexible and integrated flow-chemistry-synthesis-purification compound-generation and sample-management platform has been developed to accelerate the production of small-molecule organic-compound drug candidates in pharmaceutical research. Central to the integrated system is a Mitsubishi robot, which hands off samples throughout the process to the next station, including synthesis and purification, sample dispensing for purity and quantification analysis, dry-down, and aliquot generation.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · Journal of the Association for Laboratory Automation
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This manuscript details the construction of a fully automated flow hydrogenation apparatus for use in high-throughput organic synthesis. The instrument comprises of a Bohdan robot platform coupled with a ThalesNano H-cube hydrogenator and a series of solvent valves and pumping mechanisms. Using this instrument, we have been able to fully automate a number of key transformations that could not otherwise be conveniently undertaken in a high-throughput manner.
No preview · Article · Dec 2007 · Journal of Combinatorial Chemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The modulation of fatty acid metabolism and especially the stimulation of fatty acid oxidation in liver or skeletal muscle are attractive therapeutic approaches for the treatment of obesity and the associated insulin resistance. However, current beta-oxidation assays are run in very low throughput, which represents an obstacle for drug discovery in this area. Here we describe results for a 48-well beta-oxidation assay using a new instrument design. A connecting chamber links two adjacent wells to form an experimental unit, in which one well contains the beta-oxidation reaction and the other captures CO(2). The experimental units are sealed from each other and from the outside to prevent release of radioactivity from the labeled substrate. CO(2) capture in this instrument is linear with time and over the relevant experimental range of substrate concentration. Cellular viability is maintained in the sealed environment, and cells show the expected responses to modulators of beta-oxidation, such as the AMP kinase activator 5-aminoimidazole carboxamide riboside. Data are presented for different lipid substrates and cell lines. The increased throughput of this procedure compared with previously described methods should facilitate the evaluation of compounds that modulate fatty acid metabolism.
No preview · Article · Mar 2004 · Assay and Drug Development Technologies
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The drug discovery process centers around finding and optimizing novel compounds active at therapeutic targets. This process involves direct and indirect measures of how compounds affect the behavior of the target in question. The sheer number of compounds that must be tested poses problems for classes of ion channel targets for which direct functional measurements (e.g., traditional patch-clamping) are too cumbersome and indirect measurements (e.g., Ca(2+)-sensitive dyes) lack sufficient sensitivity or require unacceptable compromises. We present an optimized process for obtaining large numbers of direct electrophysiological measurements (two-electrode voltage-clamp) from Xenopus oocytes using a combination of automated oocyte handling, efficient and flexible liquid delivery, parallel operation, and powerful integrated data analysis. These improvements have had a marked impact, increasing the contribution electrophysiology makes in optimizing lead compound series and the discovery of new ones. The design of the system is detailed along with examples of data generated in support of lead optimization and discovery.
No preview · Article · Feb 2003 · Receptors and Channels