Lijie Ma

Fudan University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (5)11.86 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Mutant p53 could have either a dominant negative effect or a gain of function to interfere with p53's ability to maintain genomic stability. In the present study, we screened for TP53 mutations in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) samples from 202 Chinese patients, followed by analysis of transcriptional and apoptotic activities of 21 p53 mutants with or without wild-type p53 present. We identified a new point mutation p.P72A, and a mutation (p.E294SfsX51) with a record long frameshift. We found TP53 mutations in HCC bear mutants without a dominant wild-type p53 inhibition on p21 transcription at a higher frequency. We found an anti-correlation for p53 WT/mutant heterotetramer to activate p21 and BAX transcription, i.e., at given p53 WT/mutant concentration, the fold increase p21 transcription is proportional to the fold of decreasing BAX transcription. Our kinetic model reproduced the trend in the experimental observation and confirmed that the p53 WT-dimer/mutant- heterotetramer is the major species to confer the differential activation of p21 and BAX transcription. p53 may have different binding modes on p21 and BAX, most likely resulting from the combinational effects of core domain binding and C-terminal mediation. Our study demonstrated that p53 mutants interfere with the ability of WT p53 to maintain genomic stability.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Current pharmaceutical design
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    ABSTRACT: Altered gene expression was associated with the induction and maintenance of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). To determine the significance of HCR2 in HCC, here we compare the expression levels of HCR2 in carcinoma and in paired non-carcinoma tissues using semiquantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), Western blot analysis, and immunohistochemical staining. The expression ratio (ER) of HCR2 between the tumor and paired tumor-free tissues was calculated for each case and the data was clinicopathologically analyzed. The expression of HCR2 mRNA was found to be significantly decreased in HCC tissues compared with paired normal tissues (P < 0.001). HCR2 was downregulated in 58% (n = 22) of 38 HCC patients. The ER of HCR2 was higher in Edmondson's grade I/II carcinomas than that in Edmondson's grade III/IV carcinomas (P < 0.05). Western blot analysis showed HCR2 to be notably depressed in carcinoma tissues in 3 out of 4 HCC patients. Immunohistochemical staining indicated most HCR2 protein accumulated in non-carcinoma cells. These results suggested that altered HCR2 expression might play roles in the carcinogenesis and progression of HCC, and it could be a clinical marker for prognosis, and a molecular target for screening potential anti-HCC drugs.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2006 · Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
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    ABSTRACT: Growth/differentiation factor 3 is a member of GDF/BMP subfamily of the TGF-beta superfamily, which has been reported to be implicated in testis carcinoma and deposition of adipose tissue. Interestingly, present work indicated that GDF3/Gdf3 genes were expressed in cerebral cortex, hippocampus as well as in cerebellum, as revealed by RT-PCR, in situ hybridization and immunostaining. Results of RT-PCR in 10 human tissues and 12 rat tissues indicated that GDF3/Gdf3 genes were abundantly transcribed in both human and murine brain, including cerebral cortex, hippocampus and cerebellum. In situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry results revealed that in cerebral cortex, GDF3 was evenly distributed. In hippocampus, it was expressed in most of the neurons in CA2 and DG region, especially only in a restricted number of neurons in the regions of CA1 and CA3 and in Purkinje cells in cerebellum. Present data suggested that GDF3 might play important roles in the central nervous system (CNS), especially in cerebral cortex, hippocampus and cerebellum, and it shed new light on further research of GDF3 in the central nervous system.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2006 · Neuroscience Letters
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the main factor, which induces hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Qidong high-risk area, China. To prevent HBV infection is the most important strategy to inhibit the HCC carcinogenesis. A large project was performed in Qidong area to protect newborn babies from the HBV infection that 80,000 children born between 1984 and 1990 were vaccinated. After three times of follow-up studies, 15 screened children were found to have symptoms of illness showing persistent elevation of serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (ALT). From these previously collected data, we found that the ALT levels of five vaccinees with negative hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) were significantly higher than those of 10 vaccinees with positive HBsAg. Furthermore, with the passage of time, the difference of ALT levels between the two groups (HBsAg negative and positive groups) diminishes. After cloning and sequencing of the HBsAg "a" epitope coding sequences, we found that mutations in "a" epitope were correlated with the absence of detectable anti-HBsAg, while no mutations were seen in the anti-HBsAg positive infections. We also found that majority of point mutations were occurred in the coding sequences of the first loop structure in "a" epitope. The structure of double loop conformation in "a" epitope was conservative, and important for HBV antigenicity. These changes in a double loop conformation would escape neutralization by vaccine-induced antibody.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2004 · Virus Research
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of hepatoma is high in the Chinese population. Searching for genes involved in the functions of the liver, especially genes specifically expressed in the liver, will facilitate an insight into the molecular basis of normal and abnormal liver functions. Based on a differentially displayed cDNA fragment, which was down regulated in hepatoma tissues, we cloned a novel cDNA of 957 bp, TCP10L (T-complex protein 10 like), from the human liver cDNA library. Northern hybridization of this novel gene in 30 adult human tissues was examined. The result revealed that TCP10L expressed specifically in the human liver and testis. The TCP10L contains a 645-bp open reading frame encoding a deduced protein of 215 amino acids. As the deduced protein was analyzed further, a typical leucine zipper motif was found. We firstly examined the transcriptional function of the TCP10L protein by transfecting recombinant pM-TCP10L into mammalian cells. The subsequent analysis based on the dual luciferase assay system showed that TCP10L significantly inhibited the expression of reporter genes. Compared with that of the negative control, the luciferase activity were down regulated in HEK293 and SK-HEP-1, CHO cells by about 2.6, 9.8, and 5.5 folds respectively. A mutated type of TCP10L was also constructed. It showed that the repression of TCP10L to the expression of the reporter gene almost completely decreased, suggesting that the leucine zipper structure is critical for TCP10L to play its role in regulation function. Then we transfected the recombinant TCP10L-EGFP into cells. The results indicated that TCP10L subcellularly located in nuclei, either in HEK 293 or SK-HEP-1 cells. In addition, human TCP10L was found comprised of five exons and four introns, and mapped to chromosome 21q22.11.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2003 · Journal of Human Genetics