Publications (2)2.08 Total impact
Article: Tissue Banking in Australia[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The legal structure for the regulation of tissue banking has existed for many years. In Australia, the donation of human tissue is regulated by legislation in each of the eight States and Territories. These substantially uniform Acts were passed in the late 1970's and early 1980's, based on model legislation and underpinned by the concept of consensual giving. However, it was not until the early 1990's that tissue banking came under the notice of regulatory authorities. Since then the Australian Government has moved quickly to oversee the tissue banking sector in Australia. Banked human tissue has been deemed to be a therapeutic good under the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989, and tissue banks are required to be licensed by the Therapeutic Goods Administration and are audited for compliance with the Code of Good Manufacturing Practice- Human Blood and Tissues. In addition, tissue banks must comply with a myriad of other standards, guidelines and recommendations.
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ABSTRACT: Previous research has described families' responses and experiences with the donation process; however, little attention has been paid to families linked to tissue banks that have no affiliation with hospitals or organ procurement agencies. To assess the impact of approaches made to families who consented to tissue donation with the Donor Tissue Bank of Victoria, Australia, and to examine how this information could be used to improve the existing service. An evaluation questionnaire was developed and consisted of 15 questions. The questionnaire was part of a structured follow-up service and was given only to 339 families who consented to donation. Families who are approached about tissue donation are contacted within 24 hours of their family member's death. They are coping with the sudden unexpected death of a family member and have little knowledge of tissue donation or the donor tissue bank. Fifty-eight percent of participants completed the questionnaire. The data were quantitatively and qualitatively examined. The skills and procedures utilized by the transplant coordinators are affirmed by the results, and respondents appear to find contact with the donor tissue bank positive at a terrible time in their lives. Approaches to families must be made sensitively and sufficient information must be given to enable decision making.
Victorian Institute of Forensic MedicineVictoria Point, Queensland, Australia