[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of conservative and radical treatment of liver hydatid disease.
Records of patients who underwent surgery for liver hydatid disease between 1980 and 2005 were reviewed. Outcomes measured were operative morbidity and mortality, hospital stay, and recurrence.
Two hundred fourteen patients underwent conservative treatment (external drainage, marsupialization, omentoplasty), and 240 had radical surgery (hepatic resection, cystopericystectomy). Operative morbidity was 79.9% and 16.2% for conservative and radical procedures, respectively (P < .001). Operative mortality was 6.5% for conservative procedures and 9.2% for radical procedures (P = .3). The recurrence rate was 30.4% in patients having conservative surgery and 1.2% in patients undergoing radical surgery (P < .001). No recurrences occurred in patients with clear cysts after conservative surgery.
Cystopericystectomy was a safe and effective procedure that achieved excellent immediate and long-term results. Hepatic resection should be considered only in exceptional cases, because it involves the unnecessary sacrifice of healthy hepatic parenchyma. Conservative surgery and alternative procedures should be restricted to the treatment of clear cysts and to patients who cannot undergo radical surgery.
No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · American journal of surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bronchobiliary fistula (BBF) is an uncommon but severe complication of hydatid disease of the liver. Operation is considered the treatment of choice but the most appropriate operation is uncertain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the early and long-term outcomes following different surgical procedures.
A retrospective evaluation of 31 patients with BBF was performed. Surgical access consisted of laparotomy, thoracotomy or a thoracoabdominal (TA) incision. Surgical procedures for the treatment of the cyst were classified as conservative or radical.
Radical treatment including lung resection and pericystectomy was performed in all patients in whom the surgical exposure was obtained by either thoracotomy or TA. Of the patients treated by laparotomy, two had a pericystectomy, and four had drainage of the cyst. There were two deaths among the seven thoracotomy patients and one among the 18 TA patients. Pleural effusion was observed in six of the TA, two of the thoracotomy, and three of the laparotomy patients. Biliary fistula occurred in two of the five thoracotomy patients surviving operation and in two laparotomy patients (2/6). Progression of the lung disease was observed in four laparotomy patients and in one thoracotomy patient.
The better outcome achieved in TA patients is the result of the simultaneous radical treatment of all the pathological aspects of BBF.
No preview · Article · Apr 2007 · Liver international: official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To verify the adequacy of duodenal segmentectomy after intestinal derotation in the treatment of primary adenocarcinoma of the third and fourth portions of the duodenum.
A retrospective review of the surgical management of patients who underwent derotation of the third and fourth portions of the duodenum was undertaken to determine long-term outcome.
Departments of surgery in 3 university hospitals.
Between January 1, 1980, and December 31, 2000, 47 patients with primary adenocarcinoma of the third and fourth portions of the duodenum were surgically treated at 3 different institutions.
Details of primary surgery were abstracted from clinical records of the original hospital referral. Postoperative clinical course and long-term outcome were evaluated by a review of the hospital records and follow-up.
The results of a barium swallow test series was positive in 38 cases (80.8%) and esophagogastroduodenoscopy was primarily diagnostic in 30 patients (63.8%). In all cases duodenal segmentectomy was attempted. Twenty-two patients underwent palliative gastrojejunal bypass and in 9 patients pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed. In 16 cases duodenal segmentectomy was performed after intestinal derotation. Anastomoses were performed manually in all cases. Fifteen of the resected patients died of recurrent disease. A median (SD) disease-free survival of 36 (23.6) months (range, 6-85 months) was observed. The median (SD) overall survival was 37.5 (23.9) months (range, 11-85 months), the overall 5-year survival rate was 23% (11 patients), and the actuarial 5-year survival rate was 51% (24 patients).
Duodenal segmentectomy associated with intestinal derotation was shown to be a straightforward, safe procedure for the treatment of the primary adenocarcinoma of the third and fourth portions of the duodenum. This surgical procedure should be preferred to pancreaticoduodenectomy because it is associated with negligible rates of morbidity and mortality, while allowing for satisfactory margin clearance and adequate lymphadenectomy.
No preview · Article · Feb 2003 · Archives of Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Preservation of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) and consequential blood flow to the rectum would reduce the risk of leakage of a colorectal anastomosis.
One hundred and sixty-three patients undergoing left colectomy for complicated diverticular disease of the colon were randomly placed into two groups: A, n = 86; and B, n = 77. In group A, the integrity of the IMA was preserved by artery skeletization (IMAS); in group B, the IMA was divided at its origin. Variables recorded included duration of the surgical procedure, need for blood transfusion, length of hospital stay, operative mortality and morbidity, staple-ring disruption, and radiologic and clinical leakage. Anastomotic stenosis and recurrence of diverticular disease were noted.
Surgical time was superior in the IMAS group. Radiologic and clinical leakages were significantly higher in group B (P = 0.02, P = 0.03, respectively). In group A a significant lower number of staple-ring disruptions was observed, evolving into clinical dehiscence.
Preserving the natural blood supply to the rectum and the ensuing use of a healthy well-nourished rectal stump are suggested as the main aspects of IMAS in preventing and healing leakage of colorectal anastomosis.
No preview · Article · Sep 2001 · The American Journal of Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Total mesorectal excision lowers the rate of pelvic recurrence and positively affects the survival after surgical treatment of rectal cancer.
Tertiary care university hospital.
Fifty-three consecutive patients were admitted with curative intent to surgery at the First Department of Surgery of the University of Rome "La Sapienza," Rome, Italy, with diagnoses of rectal carcinoma. The mean follow-up was 68.9 months; follow-up was complete for all patients who entered the trial.
Low anterior resection and total mesorectal excision were performed in all cases, regardless of the location of the rectal cancer. A straight mechanical colorectal anastomosis was performed on a rectal stump, never exceeding 5 cm. No kind of adjuvant therapy was given. Mesorectum and open rectum were studied by serial transverse section at 5-mm intervals. A search for depth of penetration and distal intramural extension of the tumor was made. Lymph nodes were detected by clearing method, and nodal metastases (NM) and nonnodal metastases (NNM) were recorded as situated proximally, distally, or at the level of the tumor.
There was no postoperative mortality. Clinical and radiologic leaks occurred in 2 and 4 patients, respectively. Mean disease-free survival was 65.9 months. Pelvic recurrence occurred in 5 patients (9%). Overall 5-year survival rate was 75%. Involvement of mesorectum by NM and NNM was detected in 27 and 24 cases, respectively. Both NM and NNM were found to be distal in 33% and 40% of cases, respectively.
Microscopic spread to the distal mesorectum may exceed the intramural spread of rectal cancer. Failure to perform total mesorectal excision leaves a potentially residual disease in the distal mesorectum, thus predisposing the patient to pelvic recurrence.
No preview · Article · Mar 2001 · Archives of Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A noninvasive scintigraphic technique to assess the efficacy of a surgical procedure (e.g., cholecystectomy and transduodenal sphincteroplasty) depends on the development of reliable and accurate qualitative or quantitative diagnostic criteria that allow early recognition of the occurrence and site of complications. For this purpose, the authors divided biliary flow into a four-step progression process and analyzed transit times from the peripheral vein to the gallbladder, common bile duct, and duodenum and the transit time from the common bile duct to the duodenum. These quantitative parameters were assessed in nine healthy volunteers and 31 asymptomatic patients who had previous cholecystectomy to validate their reliability. The results indicate that the four-step Tc-99m HIDA progression analysis provides a reliable, noninvasive evaluation of biliary flow, so that it can be applied to patients who have had cholecystectomy.
No preview · Article · Jun 1999 · Clinical Nuclear Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The pathogenesis of free perforations occurring on the antimesenteric border of the pelvic colon during the course of diverticular disease has received little attention, with most being generically referred to as diverticular perforations.
This study was designed to identify the pathogenetic factors responsible for free perforations that may occur in the antimesenteric intertenial area during the course of diverticular disease.
Vascular alterations of the colonic wall associated with diverticula and open antimesenteric perforations were analyzed.
Previous data on the site of diverticula formation and related intramural vascular alterations were confirmed. A subserosal vascular network developed in the antimesenteric intertenial area in instances of multiple bilateral diverticula. Free perforations occurred in the antimesenteric haustral area only with multiple bilateral diverticula.
Alterations of the intramural vascular pattern secondary to the presence of multiple and bilateral diverticula may predispose the colonic wall to acute vascular injury. These changes may be enhanced by an episodic increase of intraluminal pressure and consequent distention of the colonic wall occurring in the course of diverticular disease.
No preview · Article · Dec 1997 · Diseases of the Colon & Rectum
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this case report inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm (IAAA) was superimposed on an arteriomegaly condition complicated by bilateral aneurysm of the common iliac arteries. Obstruction of the right ureter, mild hydronephrosis of the left system and a slight impairment of renal function were also present. Preoperative cellular and humoral immunological parameters were within normal limits while the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was elevated (74 mm). Histological analysis showed numerous scattered lymphoid cells or organized in follicles with germinal centers within the adventitial thickening of the IAAA wall. Immunohistochemical analysis on frozen sections demonstrated that dispersed and perivascular lymphoid cells were mainly composed of similar amounts of CD3+/CD4+ and CD3+/CD8+ T lymphocytes. Histological analysis of the common iliac artery aneurysm showed a mild intimal thickening will small aggregates of macrophages. After aneurysm repair all peripheral blood analysis normalized within one month after surgery. The IAAA observed in our patient with arteriomegaly as underlying arterial disease cannot be interpreted as an inflammatory variation of an atherosclerotic aneurysm. The histological pattern of the inflammatory reaction and its resolution after surgery give, in our opinion, more credit to the etiopathogenetic hypothesis of a reaction elicited by an antigen within the arterial wall of the infrarenal aorta which might be enhanced by the lymphatic stasis subsequent to aneurysm compression.
No preview · Article · Mar 1997 · The Journal of cardiovascular surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Between 1979 and 1989, 169 patients had a curative operation for right sided colonic cancer. A retrospective analysis of the incidence and degree of lymph node metastasis was performed in all and survival rate was determined in 144 patients who could be followed over a period of 5 years or more. In all patients, dissection involved the removal of right colon (i.e., caecum, ascending colon, and right side of transverse colon). Dissection of regional lymph nodes in 84 patients (group 1) involved the removal of mesocolic lymph nodes related to the segment of the removed intestine. In 60 patients (group 2) dissection was extended to the nodes situated anterior to mesenteric and retropancreatic vessels. Morbidity and mortality rates were similar in the two procedures. The number of lymph nodes and the level of apical node examined were significantly different in the two groups. The 5-year survival rates showed no statistically significant difference, but in group 2 three of the nine patients with metastasis to N4 nodes are free of disease, surviving at 7, 12 and 14 years, respectively. The principle of extensive lymph node dissection is proposed as a procedure that supplies more accurate staging and might reduce the incidence of loco-regional recurrence.
No preview · Article · Feb 1997 · International Journal of Colorectal Disease
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bile acid composition was assessed in 50 patients with colorectal cancer as compared to that in a control group of 50 subjects. The two groups were age- and sex-matched. The overall bile acid values were similar in both groups, while the relative concentrations of primary and secondary bile acids were different, a significant increase in the patients with colorectal cancer being observed. This finding thus seems to confirm the existence of a link between colorectal cancer and cholelithiasis. Both conditions share common risk factors, such as alterations in cholesterol metabolism and bile acid composition.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The authors review 207 consecutive patients admitted for pancreatic cancer from 1960 to 1989 to the 1st Department of Surgery of the University of Rome "La Sapienza", in order to ascertain whether ultrasonography contributes to achieving the ideal goal of early diagnoses. The results achieved show a higher number of early diagnoses (< 1 month from first symptoms) performed by means of US, and a concurrent increase of cases amenable to radical surgery during the period 1975-1989, and basically from 1985 to 1989. Diagnostic imaging, namely US, is therefore deemed to provide earlier diagnoses and higher rates of pancreatic resectability.
No preview · Article · Jul 1993 · The Italian journal of gastroenterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this collaborative prospective study was to verify the incidence of pelvic recurrence (PR) after radical surgery for cancer of the rectum and sigmoid. Very low anterior resection (VLAR) was usually performed, with the aim of preserving anal function and obtaining the maximum of radicality by means of en bloc excision of the mesorectum. Between 1984 and 1987, 274 patients underwent curative surgery for rectal and sigmoid cancer, 230 (84%) of whom underwent anterior resection (AR) and 44 (16%) abdominoperineal resection (APR). Post-operative mortality was 2.5%. Follow-up ranged from 24 to 72 months (mean 37 m); 248 cases (90.5%) were included in the final prospective study. PR occurred in 41/248 cases (16%), within 24 months in 80% of cases. PR occurred in 15.8% (33/208) after AR and in 20% (8/40) after APR, p = NS. Nevertheless in middle and low rectal tumours at stage C the incidence of PR in patients who had VLAR was 34.5% (10/29) and 12% (3/25) in those who had APR (p < 0.05). PR rates in VLAR patients was 40% for stage C low rectal tumours and 54.5% for low rectal tumours at Astler Coller stage C2. The PR incidence for stage C1 tumours of the low rectum was zero after VLAR and APR, allowing the assumption that lymphnode metastases in non-penetrating tumours do not compromise the results when the mesorectum is completely excised. We can assume that the choice of VLAR as a substitute for APR whenever possible limits the comparison of their results.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
No preview · Article · Sep 1992 · International Journal of Colorectal Disease
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Late clinical outbreak in patients with right colon cancer translates into very advanced stage of the tumour. Nevertheless, long term results of radical surgery are favourable, even if susceptible of improvements. While earlier diagnoses are not easy to achieve, a greater surgical radicality can be obtained both by extending resections to the surrounding structures and organs, and by enlarging lymphadenectomy to all the inframesocolic compartment and to the main lymph nodes located at the level of superior mesenteric vessels. A series of 60 right hemicolectomies performed from 1968 to 1990 to treat right colonic cancer is presented. Intraoperative mortality was of 4 cases (6.6%). Lymph node "mapping" was drawn, and in 26 cases (43%) metastases were found. Paracolic nodes were involved in 96% of cases, intermediate in 42%, and principal ones in 34%. Forty four patients, surgically treated up to 1985 and eligible for a 5 year follow up, were all verified. Overall free of disease survival was assessed in 28 cases (63.6%). Survival in relation to Dukes staging was 81.8% (9/11) in C. According to presence (LN+) or absence (LN-) of lymphatic spread, 5 year survival was found to be 70.3% (19/27) in LN-, and 52.9 (9/17) in LN+. Difference between the two groups is 17.4%, much smaller than the mean one of 45% reported by world literature. This figure, together with the finding of a 12, 10 and 5 year survival in patients with principal nodes involvement, suggests that extended lymphadenectomy might play a principal role in improving long term survival rates of advanced right colon cancer.
No preview · Article · Mar 1992 · Annali italiani di chirurgia