Publications (2)5.69 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Potassium- and calcium conductances regulate neuronal excitability and epileptiform activity. In this study, the effects of different extracellular potassium concentrations ([K(+)](o)) were investigated on the modulatory effect of the L-type transmembranous calcium currents on epileptiform discharges. The in vitro brain slice technique was used to examine the effects of calcium channel blockers, verapamil and nifedipine, on the repetition rate, amplitude, and duration of epileptiform field potentials (EFP) in the presence of low, physiological, and high background [K(+)](o) in guinea pig hippocampal slices. Epileptiform activity was induced by omission of Mg(2+) from artificial cerebrospinal fluid contained 2, 4, and 8 mM [K(+)](o). Both verapamil and nifedipine suppressed EFP after a transient increase in repetition rate. The extent of EFP frequency rate acceleration significantly increased with reduction of [K(+)](o). The increase in EFP frequency rate induced by application of verapamil and nifedipine was accompanied by a reduction in the EFP amplitude and a reversible increase in the burst discharge duration. The extent of burst discharge prolongation was also significantly higher with decreasing [K(+)](o). Further application of verapamil and nifedipine suppressed the epileptiform burst activity in the presence of different [K(+)](o). The latency of EFP depression was significantly diminished both with increased and decreased background potassium concentrations. The data indicate the importance of the effect of the L-type transmembranous calcium currents on the regulatory effect of background [K(+)](o) on epileptiform burst discharge frequency and duration.
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ABSTRACT: Intra- and extracellular recording techniques were used to study the epileptiform activity generated by guinea pig hippocampal slices perfused with free-magnesium artificial cerebrospinal fluid in the presence of physiologic (4 mM), reduced (2 mM) or elevated (8 mM) extracellular potassium concentrations ([K(+)](o)). Extracellular field potentials along with intracellular recordings were recorded in CA1 or CA3 region. Reduction of [K(+)](o) significantly increased the latency of epileptiform field potential (EFP) appearance as well as burst discharge duration and decreased EFP repetition rate. Depending on different background [K(+)](o), epileptiform burst discharges appeared in different patterns including varied types of paroxysmal depolarisation shifts and burst activity in CA1 and CA3 subfields. Comparison with physiological and increased [K(+)](o,) reduction of [K(+)](o) significantly increased the mean duration of bursts, mean amplitude of depolarisation, mean after-hyperpolarisation duration, and inter-spike intervals in both CA1 and CA3 areas. Three distinct patterns were distinguished on the basis of their evoked firing pattern in response to application of depolarising current pulses in the interval of epileptiform burst discharges. Neurons superfused with 2 mM [K(+)](o) presented fast adapting pattern while cells washed with 4 or 8 mM [K(+)](o) exhibited intrinsically bursting or slow adapting patterns. Comparing the groups with different background [K(+)](o), there is a more severe form of discharges in low K(+) and a subtle difference between 4 and 8 mM K(+). The data indicate the importance of background [K(+)](o) on epileptiform burst discharge pattern and characteristics.