Feng Ye

University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, United States

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Publications (49)

  • H. Zhang · J. Terizc · Feng Ye · [...] · G. Cao
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report an exotic magnetic ground state in single-crystal double-perovskite Ba2YIrO6 and Sr doped Ba2YIrO6 having Ir5+(5d4) ions. The long-range magnetic order occurs below 1.6 K and is confirmed by the results of the heat capacity and magnetic susceptibility. The observed magnetic ground state is highly sensitive to low magnetic fields, suggesting a delicate magnetic state that fits no descriptions of the spin-alone S=1 state as well as the spin-orbit interaction (SOI) imposed Jeff = 0 singlet state. This work generates a phase diagram that features a linear dependence of the magnetic order on Sr doping, implying the same mechanism that drives the ground state across the entire series (Ba1-xSrx)2YIrO6. The emergence of the magnetic ground state is extraordinary because its occurrence contradicts the highly anticipated Jeff = 0 singlet ground state in presence of the strong SOI and highlights a wealth of novel quantum states that are not possible without the unusual interplay between the strong SOI, electron-electron correlations and electron hopping.
    Article · Aug 2016
  • S. J. Yuan · T. F. Qi · J. Terzic · [...] · G. Cao
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report physical and structural properties of single-crystal Ca2Ru1-xFexO4 (0<x<0.20) as functions of temperature, magnetic field and pressure. Ca2RuO4 is a structurally-driven Mott insulator with a metal-insulator (MI) transition at TMI = 357 K, which is well separated from antiferromagnetic order at TN = 110 K. Fe substitution for Ru in Ca2RuO4 causes a pronounced magnetization reversal and giant negative volume thermal expansion (NVTE). The magnetization reversal is a result of a field-induced antiferromagnetic coupling between the Ru- and Fe-magnetic sublattices that have different temperature dependence. The NVTE is closely associated with the orthorhombic distortion, and becomes smaller as the orthorhombicity weakens due to either Fe doping or application of pressure. The study highlights an intriguing interplay between lattice, orbital and spin degrees of freedom that is at the root of the novel phenomena in Ca2RuO4.
    Article · May 2016
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a neutron diffraction study of the multiferroic mechanism in (ND4)2FeCl5D2O, a molecular compound that exhibits magnetically induced ferroelectricity. This material exhibits two successive magnetic transitions on cooling: a long-range order transition to an incommensurate (IC) collinear sinusoidal spin state at TN=7.3 K, followed by a second transition to an IC cycloidal spin state at TFE=6.8 K, the later of which is accompanied by spontaneous ferroelectric polarization. The cycloid structure is strongly distorted by spin-lattice coupling as evidenced by the observations of both odd and even higher-order harmonics associated with the cycloid wave vector, and a weak commensurate phase that coexists with the IC phase. The appearance of the 2nd-order harmonic coincides with the onset of the electric polarization, thereby providing unambiguous evidence that the induced electric polarization is mediated by the spin-lattice interaction. Our results for this system, in which the orbital angular momentum is expected to be quenched, are remarkably similar to those of the prototypical TbMnO3, in which the magnetoelectric effect is attributed to spin-orbit coupling.
    Full-text available · Article · May 2016
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    Jinchen Wang · Feng Ye · Songxue Chi · [...] · C. W. Chu
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Using ambient pressure x-ray and high pressure neutron diffraction, we studied the pressure effect on structural and magnetic properties of multiferroic Mn$_{1-x}$Co$_x$WO$_4$ single crystals ($x=0, 0.05, 0.135$ and $0.17$), and compared it with the effects of doping. Both Co doping and pressure stretch the Mn-Mn chain along the $c$~direction. At high doping level ($x=0.135$ and $0.17$), pressure and Co doping drive the system in a similar way and induce a spin-flop transition for the $x=0.135$ compound. In contrast, magnetic ground states at lower doping level ($x=0$ and $0.05$) are robust against pressure but experience a pronounced change upon Co substitution. As Co introduces both chemical pressure and magnetic anisotropy into the frustrated magnetic system, our results suggest the magnetic anisotropy is the main driving force for the Co induced phase transitions at low doping level, and chemical pressure plays a more significant role at higher Co concentrations.
    Full-text available · Article · Apr 2016 · Physical Review B
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a combined neutron scattering and magnetization study on the multiferroic DyFeO3, which shows a very strong magnetoelectric effect. Applying magnetic field along the c axis, the weak ferromagnetic order of the Fe ions is quickly recovered from a spin reorientation transition, and the long-range antiferromagnetic order of Dy becomes a short-range one. We found that the short-range order concurs with the multiferroic phase and is responsible for its sizable hysteresis. Our H−T phase diagram suggests that the strong magnetoelectric effect in DyFeO3 has to be understood with not only the weak ferromagnetism of Fe but also the short-range antiferromagnetic order of Dy.
    Full-text available · Article · Apr 2016
  • H. Zheng · J. Terzic · Feng Ye · [...] · G. Cao
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The orthorhombic perovskite SrIrO3 is a semimetal, an intriguing exception in iridates where the strong spin-orbit interaction coupled with electron correlations tends to impose a novel insulating state. We report results of our investigation of bulk single-crystal Sr0.94Ir0.78O2.68 or Ir-deficient, orthorhombic perovskite SrIrO3. It retains the same crystal structure as stoichiometric SrIrO3 but exhibits a sharp, simultaneous antiferromagnetic (AFM) and metal-insulator (MI) transition at 185 K. Above it, the basal-plane resistivity features an extended regime of almost linear-temperature dependence up to 800 K but the strong electronic anisotropy renders an insulating behavior in the out-of-plane resistivity. The Hall resistivity undergoes an abrupt sign change and grows below 40 K, which along with the Sommerfeld constant of 20 mJ/mole K2 suggests a multiband effect. All results including our first-principles calculations underscore a delicacy of the metallic state in SrIrO3 that is in close proximity to an AFM insulating state. The contrasting ground states in isostructural Sr0.94Ir0.78O2.68 and SrIrO3 illustrate a critical role of even slight lattice distortions in rebalancing the ground state in the iridates. Finally, the observed simultaneous AFM and MI transitions reveal a direct correlation between the magnetic transition and formation of a charge gap in the iridate, which is conspicuously absent in Sr2IrO4.
    Article · Mar 2016
  • Feng Ye · Xiaoping Wang · Christina Hoffmann · [...] · G. Cao
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We use single-crystal neutron diffraction to determine the crystal structure symmetry and the magnetic evolution in the rhodium-doped iridates Sr2Ir1-xRhxO4 (0≤x≤0.16). Throughout this doping range, the crystal structure retains a tetragonal symmetry (space group I41/a) with two distinct magnetic Ir sites in the unit cell forming staggered IrO6 rotation. Upon Rh doping, the magnetic order is suppressed and the magnetic moment of Ir4+ is reduced from 0.21μB/Ir for x=0 to 0.18μB/Ir for x=0.12. The magnetic structure at x=0.12 is different from that of the parent compound, while the moments remain in the basal plane.
    Article · Nov 2015 · Physical Review B
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    J. C. Wang · S. Aswartham · Feng Ye · [...] · G. Cao
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sr2IrO4 is a spin-orbit coupled insulator with an antiferromagnetic (AFM) transition at TN=240 K. We report results of a comprehensive study of single-crystal Sr2Ir1-xTbxO4. This study found that mere 3% (x=0.03) tetravalent Tb4+(4f7) substituting for Ir4+ (rather than Sr2+) completely suppresses the long-range collinear AFM transition but retains the insulating state, leading to a phase diagram featuring a decoupling of magnetic interactions and charge gap. The insulating state at x=0.03 is characterized by an unusually large specific heat at low temperatures and an incommensurate magnetic state having magnetic peaks at (0.95, 0, 0) and (0, 0.95, 0) in the neutron diffraction, suggesting a spiral or spin density wave order. It is apparent that Tb doping effectively changes the relative strength of the SOI and the tetragonal CEF and enhances the Hund's rule coupling that competes with the SOI, and destabilizes the AFM state. However, the disappearance of the AFM accompanies no metallic state chiefly because an energy level mismatch for the Ir and Tb sites weakens charge carrier hopping and renders a persistent insulating state. This work highlights an unconventional correlation between the AFM and insulating states in which the magnetic transition plays no critical role in the formation of the charge gap in the iridate.
    Full-text available · Article · Nov 2015 · Physical Review B
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    Feng Ye · Xiaoping Wang · Christina Hoffmann · [...] · G. Cao
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We use single-crystal neutron diffraction to determine the crystal structure symmetry and the magnetic evolution in the rhodium doped iridates $\rm Sr_2Ir_{1-x}Rh_{x}O_4$ ($0\leq x \leq 0.16$). Throughout this doping range, the crystal structure retains a tetragonal symmetry (space group $I4_1/a$) with two distinct magnetic Ir sites in the unit cell forming staggered $\rm IrO_6$ rotation. Upon Rh doping, the magnetic order is suppressed and the magnetic moment of Ir$^{4+}$ is reduced from 0.21 $\rm \mu_B$/Ir for $x=0$ to 0.18 $\rm \mu_B$/Ir for $x=0.12$. The magnetic structure at $x=0.12$ is different from that of the parent compound while the moments remain in the basal plane.
    Full-text available · Article · Oct 2015
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    J. Terzic · J. C. Wang · Feng Ye · [...] · G. Cao
    File available · Data · Jul 2015
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    J. Terzic · J. C. Wang · Feng Ye · [...] · G. Cao
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have synthesized and studied single-crystal Ba5AlIr2O11 that features dimer chains of two inequivalent octahedra occupied by tetravalent and pentavalent ions, respectively. Ba5AlIr2O11 is a Mott insulator that undergoes a subtle structural phase transition near 210 K and a magnetic transition at 4.5 K; the latter transition is surprisingly resistant to applied magnetic fields up to 12 T, but sensitive to modest applied pressure. All results indicate that the phase transition at 210 K signals an enhanced charge order that induces electrical dipoles and strong dielectric response near 210 K. It is clear that the strong covalency and spin-orbit interaction (SOI) suppress double exchange in Ir dimers and stabilize a novel magnetic state. The novel behavior of Ba5AlIr2O11 therefore provides unique insights into the physics of SOI along with strong covalency in competition with double exchange interactions of comparable strength.
    Full-text available · Article · May 2015 · Physical Review B
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We demonstrate that in strongly correlated systems with noniteger electron occupation there is a competition between the conventional double exchange, leading to ferromagnetism, and the tendency for electrons with strongly overlapping orbitals and large intersite hopping to form a nonmagnetic singlet molecular orbital on a dimer. This tendency is enhanced by the strong spin-orbit coupling. We show that this happens in our newly synthesized single-crystal Ba5AlIr2O11 containing dimers with Ir ions having mixed valence Ir4.5+. Single-crystal Ba5AlIr2O11 demonstrates that the magnetic moment of a dimer is indeed considerably reduced, to 1.04 mB. Furthermore, according to our structural, transport, magnetic and specific heat measurements, it undergoes an intra-dimer charge ordering below TS = 210 K and an antiferromagnetic transition at TM = 4.5 K, despite its one-dimensional character. Ab initio calculations correctly capture the properties of this system and confirm that molecular orbital formation in combination with spin-orbit coupling counteracts, and in this case suppresses double exchange. We argue that this effect could be observed in many other, predominantly 4d and 5d systems with large electron hopping and small Hunds rule coupling.
    Full-text available · Article · May 2015
  • Feng Ye · Wei Bao · Songxue Chi · [...] · Jieming Sheng
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The magnetic and iron vacancy orders in superconducting (Tl,Rb)2Fe4Se5 single-crystals are investigated by using a high-pressure neutron diffraction technique. Similar to the temperature effect, the block antiferromagnetic order gradually decreases upon increasing pressure while the Fe vacancy superstructural order remains intact before its precipitous disappearance at the critical pressure Pc = 8.3 GPa. Combined with previously determined Pc for superconductivity, our phase diagram under pressure reveals the concurrence of the block AFM order, the iron vacancy order and superconductivity for the 245 superconductor. A synthesis of current experimental data in a coherent physical picture is attempted.
    Data · Dec 2014
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    Feng Ye · Wei Bao · Songxue Chi · [...] · Jieming Sheng
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The magnetic and iron vacancy orders in superconducting (Tl,Rb)2Fe4Se5 single-crystals are investigated by using a high-pressure neutron diffraction technique. Similar to the temperature effect, the block antiferromagnetic order gradually decreases upon increasing pressure while the Fe vacancy superstructural order remains intact before its precipitous disappearance at the critical pressure Pc = 8.3 GPa. Combined with previously determined Pc for superconductivity, our phase diagram under pressure reveals the concurrence of the block AFM order, the iron vacancy order and superconductivity for the 245 superconductor. A synthesis of current experimental data in a coherent physical picture is attempted.
    Full-text available · Article · Nov 2014 · Chinese Physics Letters
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The multiferroic properties of Mn 0.85 Co 0.15 WO 4 are studied in magnetic fields oriented along the monoclinic c-axis. A spontaneous sign reversal of the ferroelectric polarization is observed upon decreasing temperature if cooled in a constant magnetic field. This unusual phenomenon is explained by the coexistence of different multiferroic phases with conical and spiral spin structures. These phases form domains which contribute to the electrical polarization in different temperature ranges. The sign reversal of the polarization is explained by an analysis of the contributions from the different domains to the net value of the polarization. It is concluded that the spiral and conical magnetic orders in neighboring domains are strongly coupled leading to the preservation of the spin chirality across the domain walls.
    Article · Nov 2014 · IEEE Transactions on Magnetics
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    J. C. Wang · J. Terzic · T. F. Qi · [...] · G. Cao
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We synthesize and study single crystals of the layered honeycomb lattice Mott insulators Na2RuO3 and Li2RuO3 with magnetic Ru4+(4d4) ions. The newly found Na2RuO3 features a nearly ideal honeycomb lattice and orders antiferromagnetically at 30 K. Single-crystals of Li2RuO3 adopt a honeycomb lattice with either C2/m or more distorted P21/m below 300 K, depending on detailed synthesis conditions. We find that Li2RuO3 in both structures hosts a well-defined magnetic state, in contrast to the singlet ground state found in polycrystalline Li2RuO3. A phase diagram generated based on our results uncovers a new, direct correlation between the magnetic ground state and basal-plane distortions in the honeycomb ruthenates.
    Full-text available · Article · Oct 2014 · Physical Review B
  • Songxue Chi · Feng Ye · H. D. Zhou · [...] · Jaime A. Fernandez-Baca
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A flop of electric polarization from $P$$\parallel$$c$ ($P_c$) to $P$$\parallel$$a$ ($P_a$) is observed in MnTiO$_3$ as a spin flop transition is triggered by a $c$-axis magnetic field, $H_{\|c}$=7 T. The critical magnetic field $H_{\|c}$ for $P_a$ is significantly reduced in Mn$_{1-x}$Ni$_x$TiO$_3$ (x=0.33). $P_a$ and $P_c$ have been observed with both $H_{\|c}$ and $H_{\|a}$. Neutron diffraction measurements revealed similar magnetic arrangements for the two compositions where the ordered spins couple antiferromagnetically with their nearest intra- and inter-planar neighbors. In the x=0.33 system, the uniaxial and planar anisotropies of Mn$^{2+}$ and Ni$^{2+}$ compete and give rise to a spin reorientation transition at $T_R$. A magnetic field, $H_{\|c}$, aligns the spins along $c$ for $T_R$$<$$T$$<$$T_N$. The rotation of the collinear spins away from the $c$-axis for $T$$<$$T_R$ alters the magnetic point symmetry and gives rise to a new ME susceptibility tensor form. Such linear ME response provides satisfactory explanation for the behavior of the field-induced electric polarization in both compositions. As the Ni content increases to x=0.5 and 0.68, the ME effect disappears as a new magnetic phase emerges.
    Article · Sep 2014 · Physical Review B
  • Songxue Chi · Feng Ye · Wei Bao · [...] · Minghu Fang
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Spin wave excitations in the superconducting state of (Tl,Rb)2Fe4Se5 were determined by inelastic neutron scattering measurements. Four doubly degenerate spin wave branches, one gapped acoustic and 3 optical, span an energy range of about 210 meV. The spin wave spectra were successfully described by a J1-J2 Heisenberg model which includes the in-plane nearest (J1 and J'1), next nearest neighbor (J2 and J'2) interactions within and between the 4-spin blocks, inter-plane interaction (Jc) and a single-ion anisotropy. The exchange coupling constants obtained indicate that the spin block order verges on a noncollinear in-plane-spin phase observed in Tl2Fe4Se5.
    Article · Mar 2013
  • Feng Ye · Songxue Chi · Bryan C. Chakoumakos · [...] · G. Cao
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a single-crystal neutron diffraction study of the layered $\rm Sr_2IrO_4$. This work unambiguously determines the magnetic structure of the system and reveals that the spin orientation rigidly tracks the staggered rotation of the $\rm IrO_6$ octahedra in $\rm Sr_2IrO_4$. The long-range antiferromagnetic order has a canted spin configuration with an ordered moment of 0.208(3) $\mu_B$/Ir site within the basal plane; a detailed examination of the spin canting yields 0.202(3) and 0.049(2) $\mu_B$/site for the a axis and the b axis, respectively. It is intriguing that forbidden nuclear reflections of space group $I4_1/acd$ are also observed in a wide temperature range from 4 K to 600 K, which suggests a reduced crystal structure symmetry. This neutron-scattering work provides a direct, well-refined experimental characterization of the magnetic and crystal structures that are crucial to the understanding of the unconventional magnetism exhibited in this unusual magnetic insulator.
    Article · Feb 2013 · Physical Review B
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    Songxue Chi · Feng Ye · Wei Bao · [...] · R. S. Fishman
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We observed in superconducting (Tl,Rb)2Fe4Se5 spin-wave branches that span an energy range from 6.5 to 209 meV. Spin dynamics are successfully described by a Heisenberg localized spin model whose dominant in-plane interactions include only the nearest (J1 and J1') and next nearest neighbor (J2 and J2') exchange terms within and between the tetramer spin blocks, respectively. These experimentally determined exchange constants would crucially constrain the theoretical viewpoints on magnetism and superconductivity in the Fe-based materials.
    Full-text available · Article · Jan 2013 · Physical Review B