[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Anaplasmosis is a rickettsial zoonosis mediated by blood-sucking arthropods, such as ticks, flies, and mosquitos. Migratory birds are common hosts of ticks that are mediators of anaplasmosis, in particular, the tick infection rate in thrushes (family Turdidae) has been known to be high. The main purpose of this study is to survey the occurrence and prevalence of Anaplasma spp. from the migratory thrushes in Jeju island. We collected blood samples from 6 thrushes rescued at the Jeju Wildlife Rescue Center and from 34 wild-caught thrushes on Mara island which is a satellite island of Jeju. As a result, the nested PCR confirmed that seven out of 40 individuals (17.5%) were infected by Anaplasma spp. and all of them were identified as A. phagocytophilum based on sequences obtained from partial 16S rRNA. All the infected birds were on their northward migration in spring, our results suggest that the Turdidae family, which is a common and abundant migrant group passing through Jeju island, may act a role as active reservoir and disperser of A. phagocytophilum causing potential influx of the zoonotic pathogens from its wintering grounds in lower latitude to the mainland Korea as well as Jeju.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · Journal of Veterinary Clinics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Siberian Roe deer which inhabits Jeju Island is unique native species. Most of all the roe deer infect a lot of ticks, which can affect its population directly and can act as a vector to spread vector-borne diseases. The purposes of this study were to identify the ticks and detect the piroplamsosis on the roe deer in Jeju island. We collected ticks and blood samples in 23 roe deer rescued and treated at the Jeju Wildlife Rescue Center. As a result, we identified the one species of ticks, Haemaphysalis longicornis in roe deer and detected the closely related to Theileria luwenshuni in all blood samples (100%) and 8 pooled ticks (34.8%). These results indicate that there may be a high prevalence particularly of T. luwenshuni infection in Jeju wild roe deer and H. longicornis is a major vector of these diseases. It suggested that Jeju roe deer may act as reservoirs for these zoonotic pathogens.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2014 · Journal of Veterinary Clinics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Previous reports have shown that the secreted antigen 1 of Babesia gibsoni (BgSA1) and the thrombospondin-related adhesive protein of B. gibsoni (BgTRAP) are promising diagnostic reagents and vaccine candidates. Therefore, we determined the extent of nucleotide sequence variation in the BgSA1 and BgTRAP genes, obtained from eight isolates of B. gibsoni got from clinically infected dogs in geographically distinct areas of Japan and one isolate from Jeju island of South Korea. Sequence analyses have revealed that nucleotide diversity is lower in BgSA1 than that in BgTRAP. The mean number of non-synonymous (dn) nucleotide substitutions was significantly greater than that of synonymous (ds) ones per site in region II of BgTRAP. Overall, the results predict more allele-specific immunity to BgTRAP than that to BgSA1, which could be useful in designing and testing efficacy of diagnostic reagents as well as vaccine candidates for the B. gibsoni isolates from Japan and Jeju island of South Korea.
No preview · Article · Apr 2009 · Veterinary Parasitology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Piroplasms are tick-transmitted, intracellular, hemoprotozoan parasites that cause anorexia, fever, anemia, and icterus. Theileriosis is caused by Theileria sergenti and causes major economic losses in grazing cattle in Japan and Korea. In May 2003, we examined the antigenic diversity of the major piroplasm surface protein (MPSP) gene in 35 healthy Jeju black cattle that were born and raised at the National Institute of Subtropical Agriculture. On microscopic examination of Giemsa-stained blood smears, 9 of 35 cattle had intra-erythrocytic piroplasms. Hematological data were within normal range for all 35 cattle. Amplification of DNA from all blood samples using universal MPSP gene primers showed mixed infections with C, I, and B type Theileria spp. Type C was identified in 20 of 35 blood samples, and type B was identified in 17 samples. Allelic variation was seen in type B.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hemodialysis (HD) has sufficient efficacy as a conventional diffusive treatment for removing small molecules, whereas hemofiltration (HF), which is a convective treatment, has an improved the clearance of intermediate-sized molecules. This paper reports a combined treatment (CT) which combines the diffusive and convective efficacies of HF several times weekly with HD weekly. CT modalities with various schedules and prescriptions are described mathematically using a variable-volume two-compartment kinetics model, and the kinetic parameters were obtained from previous clinical reports and a hemodialysis-related database. The blood concentration profiles of the three waste molecules for 52 weeks were calculated in order to compare the capability of removing small and intermediate-sized molecules to those of other renal treatments. The results by a computer simulation show that CT can reduce the frequency of sessions and the volume of replacement fluid compared with daily convective treatment, and achieve the adequate treatment efficiency with both small and intermediate-sized molecules for chronic renal failure patients.
Full-text · Article · Apr 2008 · Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The study was carried out to investigate the genetic polymorphism of the serum proteins of horses in Cheju. They were assigned to three groups; 45 Cheju native horses(CNH), 60 Cheju racing horses(CRH) and 60 Thoroughbreds(TB). We analyzed the phenotypes and gene frequencies of serum proteins which were albumin (Alb), vitamin-D binding protein(GC), esterase (ES), A1B glycoprotein(A1B) and transferrin(TF) loci using horizontal polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (HPAGE). All of the loci, except A1B in TB, showed polymorphisms and different allelic and phenotypic frequencies in all three groups. ESS and TFF1 were not observed in CNH. Allelic frequencies of AlbB, ESI, TFD and TFF1 were high in TB. All of the loci, except ES locus in CRH, appeared to be in a state of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium from goodness-of-fit test in all three groups. Heterozygosity estimates at Alb, ES and TF loci were high, but GC and A1B loci were low in all three groups. Average heterozygosities in CNH, CRH and TB were 0.3535, 0.3555 and 0.2726, respectively. Results showed differences in the frequencies of alleles and phenotypes of several serum protein loci between CNH and CRH, suggested that CRH might be crossed with other breeds of horses in some degree.
No preview · Article · Jan 2003 · Journal of Veterinary Science