T W LeBien

University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth, Minnesota, United States

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Publications (131)1051.91 Total impact

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    Sandra M. Wells · Jodi Fenlon Rebuffoni · Tucker W. LeBien

    Preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Clinical and Translational Science
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    ABSTRACT: IL-7 is an important cytokine for lymphocyte differentiation. Similar to what occurs in vivo, human CD19⁺ cells developing in human/murine xenogeneic cultures show differential expression of the IL-7 receptor α (IL-7Rα) chain (CD127). We now describe the relationship between CD127 expression/signaling and Ig gene rearrangement. In the present study, < 10% of CD19⁺CD127⁺ and CD19⁺CD127⁻ populations had complete VDJ(H) rearrangements. IGH locus conformation measurements by 3D FISH revealed that CD127⁺ and CD127⁻ cells were less contracted than pediatric BM pro-B cells that actively rearrange the IGH locus. Complete IGH rearrangements in CD127⁺ and CD127⁻ cells had smaller CDR3 lengths and fewer N-nucleotide insertions than pediatric BM B-lineage cells. Despite the paucity of VDJ(H) rearrangements, microarray analysis indicated that CD127⁺ cells resembled large pre-B cells, which is consistent with their low level of Ig light-chain rearrangements. Unexpectedly, CD127⁻ cells showed extensive Ig light-chain rearrangements in the absence of IGH rearrangements and resembled small pre-B cells. Neutralization of IL-7 in xenogeneic cultures led to an increase in Ig light-chain rearrangements in CD127⁺ cells, but no change in complete IGH rearrangements. We conclude that IL-7-mediated suppression of premature Ig light-chain rearrangement is the most definitive function yet described for IL-7 in human B-cell development.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2011 · Blood
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    ABSTRACT: HA 14-1 is a small-molecule Bcl-2 antagonist that promotes apoptosis in malignant cells, but its mechanism of action is not well defined. We recently reported that HA 14-1 has a half-life of only 15 min in vitro, which led us to develop a stable analog of HA 14-1 (sHA 14-1). The current study characterizes its mode of action. Because of the antiapoptotic function of Bcl-2 family proteins on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria, the effect of sHA 14-1 on both organelles was evaluated. sHA 14-1 induced ER calcium release in human leukemic cells within 1 min, followed by induction of the ER stress-inducible transcription factor ATF4. Similar kinetics and stronger intensity of ER calcium release were induced by the sarcoendoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) inhibitor thapsigargin, accompanied by similar kinetics and intensity of ATF4 induction. sHA 14-1 directly inhibited SERCA enzymatic activity but had no effect on the inositol triphosphate receptor. Evaluation of the mitochondrial pathway showed that sHA 14-1 triggered a loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential (Delta psi m) and weak caspase-9 activation, whereas thapsigargin had no effect. (R)-4-(3-Dimethylamino-1-phenylsulfanylmethyl-propylamino)-N-{4-[4-(4'-chloro-biphenyl-2-ylmethyl)-piperazin-1-yl]-benzoyl}-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide (ABT-737), a well established small-molecule Bcl-2 antagonist, rapidly induced loss of Delta psi m and caspase-9 activation but had no effect on the ER. The pan-caspase inhibitor N-benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethyl ketone had some protective effect on sHA 14-1-induced cell death. These collective results suggest a unique dual targeting mechanism of sHA 14-1 on the apoptotic resistance machinery of tumor cells that includes antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins and SERCA proteins.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2009 · Molecular pharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Here we report stable gene transfer in cord blood-derived CD34(+) hematopoietic stem cells using a hyperactive nonviral Sleeping Beauty (SB) transposase (SB100X). In colony-forming assays, SB100X mediated the highest efficiency (24%) of stable Discosoma sp red fluorescent protein (DsRed) reporter gene transfer in committed hematopoietic progenitors compared with both the early-generation hyperactive SB11 transposase and the piggyBac transposon system (1.23% and 3.8%, respectively). In vitro differentiation assays further demonstrated that SB100X-transfected CD34(+) cells can develop into DsRed(+) CD4(+)CD8(+) T (3.17%-21.84%; median, 7.97%), CD19(+) B (3.83%-18.66%; median, 7.84%), CD56(+)CD3(-) NK (3.53%-79.98%; median, 7.88%), and CD33(+) myeloid (7.59%-15.63%; median, 9.48%) cells. SB100X-transfected CD34(+) cells achieved approximately 46% engraftment in NOD-scid IL2gammac(null) (NOG) mice. Twelve weeks after transplantation, 0.57% to 28.96% (median, 2.79%) and 0.49% to 34.50% (median, 5.59%) of total human CD45(+) cells in the bone marrow and spleen expressed DsRed, including CD19(+) B, CD14(+) monocytoid, and CD33(+) myeloid cell lineages. Integration site analysis revealed SB transposon sequences in the human chromosomes of in vitro differentiated T, B, NK, and myeloid cells, as well as in human CD45(+) cells isolated from bone marrow and spleen of transplanted NOG mice. Our results support the continuing development of SB-based gene transfer into human hematopoietic stem cells as a modality for gene therapy.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2009 · Blood
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    Tucker W LeBien · Thomas F Tedder
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    ABSTRACT: The discovery that lymphocyte subpopulations participate in distinct components of the immune response focused attention onto the origins and function of lymphocytes more than 40 years ago. Studies in the 1960s and 1970s demonstrated that B and T lymphocytes were responsible primarily for the basic functions of antibody production and cell-mediated immune responses, respectively. The decades that followed have witnessed a continuum of unfolding complexities in B-cell development, subsets, and function that could not have been predicted. Some of the landmark discoveries that led to our current understanding of B lymphocytes as the source of protective innate and adaptive antibodies are highlighted in this essay. The phenotypic and functional diversity of B lymphocytes, their regulatory roles independent of antibody production, and the molecular events that make this lineage unique are also considered. Finally, perturbations in B-cell development that give rise to certain types of congenital immunodeficiency, leukemia/lymphoma, and autoimmune disease are discussed in the context of normal B-cell development and selection. Despite the significant advances that have been made at the cellular and molecular levels, there is much more to learn, and cross-disciplinary studies in hematology and immunology will continue to pave the way for new discoveries.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2008 · Blood

    No preview · Article · Jun 2008 · Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • Sonja E Johnson · Nisha Shah · Anna A Bajer · Tucker W LeBien
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    ABSTRACT: IL-7 signaling culminates in different biological outcomes in distinct lymphoid populations, but knowledge of the biochemical signaling pathways in normal lymphoid populations is incomplete. We analyzed CD127/IL-7Ralpha expression and function in normal (nontransformed) human thymocytes, and human CD19(+) B-lineage cells purified from xenogeneic cord blood stem cell/MS-5 murine stromal cell cultures, to further clarify the role of IL-7 in human B cell development. IL-7 stimulation of CD34(+) immature thymocytes led to phosphorylation (p-) of STAT5, ERK1/2, AKT, and glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta, and increased AKT enzymatic activity. In contrast, IL-7 stimulation of CD34(-) thymocytes (that included CD4(+)/CD8(+) double-positive, and CD4(+) and CD8(+) single-positive cells) only induced p-STAT5. IL-7 stimulation of CD19(+) cells led to robust induction of p-STAT5, but minimal induction of p-ERK1/2 and p-glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta. However, CD19(+) cells expressed endogenous p-ERK1/2, and when rested for several hours following removal from MS-5 underwent de-phosphorylation of ERK1/2. IL-7 stimulation of rested CD19(+) cells resulted in robust induction of p-ERK1/2, but no induction of AKT enzymatic activity. The use of a specific JAK3 antagonist demonstrated that all IL-7 signaling pathways in CD34(+) thymocytes and CD19(+) B-lineage cells were JAK3-dependent. We conclude that human CD34(+) thymocytes and CD19(+) B-lineage cells exhibit similarities in activation of STAT5 and ERK1/2, but differences in activation of the PI3K/AKT pathway. The different induction of PI3K/AKT may at least partially explain the different requirements for IL-7 during human T and B cell development.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2008 · The Journal of Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: The role of IL-7 in lymphoid development and T cell homeostasis has been extensively documented. However, the role of IL-7 in human B cell development remains unclear. We used a xenogeneic human cord blood stem cell/murine stromal cell culture to study the development of CD19+ B-lineage cells expressing the IL-7R. CD34+ cord blood stem cells were cultured on the MS-5 murine stromal cell line supplemented with human G-CSF and stem cell factor. Following an initial expansion of myeloid/monocytoid cells within the initial 2 wk, CD19+/pre-BCR- pro-B cells emerged, of which 25-50% expressed the IL-7R. FACS-purified CD19+/IL-7R+ cells were larger and, when replated on MS-5, underwent a dose-dependent proliferative response to exogenous human IL-7 (0.01-10.0 ng/ml). Furthermore, STAT5 phosphorylation was induced by the same concentrations of human IL-7. CD19+/IL-7R- cells were smaller and did not proliferate on MS-5 after stimulation with IL-7. In a search for cytokines that promote human B cell development in the cord blood stem cell/MS-5 culture, we made the unexpected finding that murine IL-7 plays a role. Murine IL-7 was detected in MS-5 supernatants by ELISA, recombinant murine IL-7 induced STAT5 phosphorylation in CD19+/IL-7R+ pro-B cells and human B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemias, and neutralizing anti-murine IL-7 inhibited development of CD19+ cells in the cord blood stem cell/MS-5 culture. Our results support a model wherein IL-7 transduces a replicative signal to normal human B-lineage cells that is complemented by additional stromal cell-derived signals essential for normal human B cell development.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2006 · The Journal of Immunology
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    Nisha Shah · Rebecca J Asch · Alana S Lysholm · Tucker W Lebien
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    ABSTRACT: We have established human B-lineage (BLIN) acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell lines that retain a dependency on fibroblast monolayers for survival and proliferation. Eight hours following removal from adherent cell contact BLIN cells undergo a decrease in mitochondrial transmembrane potential and an increase in annexin V binding. Unexpectedly, the caspase-9 inhibitor (C9i) benzyloxycarbonyl-Leu-Glu-His-Asp-fluoromethylketone enhanced the appearance of apoptotic cells within 8 hours following removal of BLIN cells from fibroblast monolayers. C9i enhancement of apoptosis was dose dependent and did not occur with irreversible inhibitors of caspases-2, -3, -6, and -8. C9i also enhanced apoptosis in cord blood-derived CD19(+) B-lineage cells (but not myeloid cells) removed from murine stromal cells. Longer exposure (> 18 hours) to C9i culminated in apoptosis in a panel of B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cell lines in the presence or absence of fibroblast monolayers, as well as in 2 proliferating leukemic cell lines (RAMOS and CEM). BLIN-4L cells made deficient in caspase-9 by RNA interference exhibited no resistance to apoptotic signals and actually showed increased apoptotic sensitivity to staurosporine. These collective results suggest that a 4-amino acid caspase inhibitor of caspase-9 can promote apoptosis and that at least some types of apoptotic pathways in B-lineage ALL do not require caspase-9.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2004 · Blood
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    F E Bertrand · J D Spengeman · N Shah · T W LeBien
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    ABSTRACT: Infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is frequently characterized by the t(4;11)(q21;q23) cytogenetic abnormality encoding the MLL/AF4 oncogene, increased HOX gene expression and a pro-B/monocytoid phenotype. We have previously established a novel MLL/AF4-positive cell line, B-lineage 3 (BLIN-3), which retains several features of normal B-lineage development (functional Ig gene rearrangement and apoptotic sensitivity to stromal cell withdrawal) not generally observed in infant ALL. We now use microarray analysis to identify patterns of gene expression in BLIN-3 that may modulate MLL/AF4 oncogenesis and contribute to the retention of normal B-lineage developmental characteristics. Comparison of 6815 expressed genes in BLIN-3 with published microarray data on leukemic blasts from t(4;11) patients indicated that BLIN-3 was unique in lacking the expression of certain HOX-A cluster genes. These results were validated by RT-PCR showing no expression of HOX A7 or HOX A9 in BLIN-3. A HOX C8 promoter reporter was active in BLIN-3, indicating that lack of HOX gene expression in BLIN-3 was not due to a nonfunctional MLL/AF4. Our results suggest that B-lineage development can proceed in t(4;11) leukemic blasts in the absence of HOX-A gene expression.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2004 · Leukemia
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    Tucker W LeBien

    Preview · Article · Dec 2002 · Journal of Clinical Investigation
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    F E Bertrand · C Vogtenhuber · N Shah · T W LeBien
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    ABSTRACT: The most common chromosomal abnormality of infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the t(4;11)(q21;q23) that gives rise to the MLL/AF4 fusion gene. Leukemic blasts expressing MLL/AF4 are arrested at an early progenitor stage with lymphoid or monocytoid characteristics. A novel B-lineage ALL cell line termed B-lineage-3 (BLIN-3) requiring human bone marrow (BM) stromal cell contact and interleukin-7 (IL-7) for optimal proliferation has been established. BLIN-3 cells have a CD19(+)/CD10(-) phenotype typical of infant ALL, and they harbor the t(4;11)(q21;q23) chromosomal translocation. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis confirmed the presence of the MLL/AF4 fusion mRNA and protein in BLIN-3. Initial BLIN-3 cultures had a pro-B cell phenotype and did not express cytoplasmic or surface mu heavy chain. After approximately 5 months in culture on BM stromal cells plus IL-7, BLIN-3 sublines emerged expressing mu heavy chain and VpreB on the cell surfaces (ie, pre-B-cell receptor [BCR](+)). BLIN-3 cells expressing pre-BCR had the t(4;11)(q21;q23) translocation and expressed the MLL/AF4 fusion protein. Cross-linking the BLIN-3 pre-BCR led to enhanced cell proliferation, demonstrating that BLIN-3 expressed a functional pre-BCR. Increased acquisition of surface pre-BCR in BLIN-3 sublines was associated with loss of DJ rearrangements and the appearance of VDJ rearrangements. These results indicate that expression of the MLL/AF4 fusion protein is compatible with BM stromal cell and cytokine dependency, functional immunoglobulin gene segment rearrangement, and subsequent expression of a potentially diverse antigen receptor repertoire. Thus, the expression of MLL/AF4 is compatible with the normal developmental program of human B-lineage cells.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2002 · Blood
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    N Shah · L Oseth · H Tran · B Hirsch · T W LeBien
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    ABSTRACT: The acquisition of genetic abnormalities in human B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) culminates in the clonal expansion of bone marrow (BM)-derived leukemic blasts. However, the response of leukemic cells to signals transduced by the BM microenvironment is not completely understood. The present study describes a new human B-lineage ALL cell line designated BLIN-4 (B LINeage-4). BLIN-4 cells respond to multiple cytokines/human BM stromal cell-derived molecules. One subline (BLIN-4E) undergoes cell death in the absence of BM stromal cells or cytokines and slowly proliferates on human BM stromal cells supplemented with interleukin (IL)-7 + FLT3-ligand. Another subline (BLIN-4L) slowly proliferates in the absence of cytokines and BM stromal cells and shows robust proliferation on BM stromal cells supplemented with IL-7 + FLT3-ligand. Although human BM stromal cells are comparable with IL-7 + FLT3-ligand in supporting proliferation of BLIN-4L cells, neutralizing antibody experiments demonstrate that BLIN-4L expansion on BM stromal cells is IL-7/FLT3-ligand independent. BLIN-4L could also respond to human thymic stromal lymphopoietin. BLIN-4E and BLIN-4L have the identical immunoglobulin heavy chain rearrangement and a CD10(+)/CD19(+)/CD20(-)/CD22(+)/CD40(+)/mu heavy chain(-) phenotype. The original BM leukemic blasts harbored a ring chromosome 4 with a low percentage of cells also having either trisomy 8 or trisomy 18. The BLIN-4 sublines maintained the ring chromosome 4, but the trisomy 8 and trisomy 18 segregated into BLIN-4E and BLIN-4L, respectively. Thus, the BLIN-4 sublines exhibit biological characteristics consistent with a potential evolution in B-lineage ALL involving subclones with decreasing requirements on the BM microenvironment.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2001 · Cancer Research
  • Jason R Fink · Tucker W LeBien
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    ABSTRACT: Eukaryotic cell division is regulated by cyclins, cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK), and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CKI). Genes encoding these proteins are mutated or deleted in many types of cancer. For example, 20%-30% of B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemias (ALL) have deletions in the CKI known as INK4a. The contribution of INK4a deletions to the progression of B-lineage ALL is uncertain, partially due to a paucity of data on expression in normal B-cell precursors. We therefore conducted a comparative analysis of normal and leukemic human B-cell development for the expression of cyclins, CDK, and CKI. Specific stages of human B-cell development from normal bone marrow were purified by fluorescence-activated cell sorting. The sorted populations and B-lineage ALL cell lines (BLIN-1, 2, 3, 4) were examined for expression of cyclins, CDK, and CKI by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting.RT-PCR analysis showed that cyclin D2, cyclin D3, CDK4, and CDK6 were ubiquitously expressed in normal B-cell development and in the BLIN ALL cell lines. The p19(INK4d) CKI was the most commonly expressed member of the INK4 family, whereas p16(INK4a) was more weakly and variably expressed. Expression of the p57(KIP2) CKI varied as a function of the stage of B-cell development. Analysis of normal B-cell precursors by Western blotting indicated that CDK4, CDK6, p19(INK4d), and p57(KIP2) were expressed, whereas p16(INK4a) was not detected. Cyclin D/CDK expression in normal and leukemic human B-cell precursors is similar to expression of these proteins in human and murine mature B cells. In contrast, the ubiquitous expression of p19(INK4d) has not been previously described in human or murine B-lineage cells. Our results suggest that loss of INK4a may only minimally contribute to tumor cell progression in B-lineage ALL, since expression of INK4d could provide a compensatory function as a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor.
    No preview · Article · May 2001 · Experimental Hematology
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    F E Bertrand · C E Eckfeldt · A S Lysholm · T W LeBien
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    ABSTRACT: The Notch genes encode a conserved family of receptors that influence developmental fate in many species. Prior studies have indicated that Notch-1 and Notch-2 signaling influence the development of hematopoietic stems cells and thymocytes, but little is known regarding Notch expression and function in B-lineage cells. We analyzed the expression of Notch receptors and Notch ligands in human B-lineage cells and bone marrow (BM) stromal cells. Notch-1 mRNA and protein is expressed throughout normal B cell development and in leukemic B-lineage cells. In contrast, Notch-2 expression is limited to pre-B cells expressing low levels of surface mu. The Notch ligand Delta is expressed in BM B-lineage cells. The Notch ligand Jagged-1 is not expressed in B-lineage cells, but is expressed in BM stromal cells. These results suggest a model wherein lateral signaling between Notch and Delta on B-lineage cells and/or Notch/Jagged-1 interactions between B-lineage cells and BM stromal cells may regulate human B cell development.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2001 · Leukemia
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    T W LeBien
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    ABSTRACT: Development of mammalian B-lineage cells is characterized by progression through a series of checkpoints defined primarily by rearrangement and expression of immunoglobulin genes. Progression through these checkpoints is also influenced by stromal cells in the microenvironment of the primary tissues wherein B-cell development occurs, ie, fetal liver and bone marrow and adult bone marrow. This review focuses on the developmental biology of human bone marrow B-lineage cells, including perturbations that contribute to the origin and evolution of B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia and primary immunodeficiency diseases characterized by agammaglobulinemia. Recently described in vitro and in vivo models that support development and expansion of human B-lineage cells through multiple checkpoints provide new tools for identifying the bone marrow stromal cell-derived molecules necessary for survival and proliferation. Mutations in genes encoding subunits of the pre-B cell receptor and molecules involved in pre-B cell receptor signaling culminate in X-linked and non-X-linked agammaglobulinemia. A cardinal feature of these immunodeficiencies is an apparent apoptotic sensitivity of B-lineage cells at the pro-B to pre-B transition. On the other end of the spectrum is the apoptotic resistance that accompanies the development of B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia, potentially a reflection of genetic abnormalities that subvert normal apoptotic programs. The triad of laboratory models that mimic the bone marrow microenvironment, immunodeficiency diseases with specific defects in B-cell development, and B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia can now be integrated to deepen our understanding of human B-cell development.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2000 · Blood
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    ABSTRACT: Mammalian B-cell development can be viewed as a developmental performance with several acts. The acts are represented by checkpoints centered around commitment to the B-lineage and functional Ig gene rearrangement--culminating in expression of the pre-B-cell receptor (pre-BCR) and the BCR. Progression of cells through these checkpoints is profoundly influenced by the fetal liver and adult bone marrow (BM) stromal cell microenvironments. Our laboratory has developed a model of human B-cell development that utilizes freshly isolated/non-transformed human BM stromal cells as an in vitro microenvironment. Human CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells plated in this human BM stromal cell microenvironment commit to the B lineage and progress through the pre-BCR and BCR checkpoints. This human BM stromal cell microenvironment also provides survival signals that prevent apoptosis in human B-lineage cells. Human B-lineage cells exhibit differential expression of Notch receptors and human BM stromal cells express the Notch ligand Jagged-1. These results suggest a potential role for Notch in regulating B-lineage commitment and/or progression through the pre-BCR and BCR checkpoints.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2000 · Immunological Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: Certain VH genes are predominantly expressed in mature B cells. We hypothesized that several, mutually nonexclusive VH-dependent mechanisms operating at distinct stages during B cell development may be responsible for overrepresentation of these VH genes. In the present study, we have assessed whether one of the mechanisms involves preferential rearrangement at the pro-B cell stage. The frequency of individual VH4 and VH3 genes in rearrangement libraries from FACS-purified human CD34+/CD19+ pro-B and CD34-/CD19+ pre-B cells was assessed. The in-frame and out-of-frame rearrangements from both cell populations were analyzed using a high resolution PAGE system. The frequencies of individual VH gene segments among out-of-frame rearrangements from pro-B cells were determined, because these frequencies should reflect only processes before the translation of the mu-heavy chain and should not be biased by selection mechanisms. Our results demonstrate that, at the pro-B cell stage, the V4-34, V4-39, and V4-59 gene segments are the most frequently rearranged VH4 family genes, and the V3-23 and V3-30 gene segments are the most frequently rearranged VH3 family genes. This finding suggests that the predominant expression of these VH genes in peripheral mature B cells is determined to a significant degree by their preferential rearrangement during V-DJ recombination.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 1999 · The Journal of Immunology
  • Daitaro Kurosaka · Tucker W. LeBien · Julie A.R. Pribyl
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    ABSTRACT: This study compared human murine stromal cells for their capacity to support human hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) development into the B lineage. FACS sorted human fetal bone marrow (BM) HSC (CD34+CD19- or CD34+/CD10-/CD19-/CD45RA) were cultured on human fetal BM stromal cells, human skin fibroblasts, or murine S17 stromal cells and analyzed by flow cytometry or reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. CD34+CD19- HSC on human BM stromal cells or fibroblasts differentiated into B-lineage cells with a continuum in density of surface CD19 expression, and some cells expressing micro/kappa or micro/lambda B-cell receptors. In contrast, CD19+ cells from S17 cultures had two- to fourfold higher levels of CD19, but no cells expressing B-cell receptors. The number and percentage of CD19+ cells was high, intermediate, or low in the human BM, human fibroblast, or murine S17 stromal cell cultures, respectively. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that TdT, CD19, and DHQ52-J(H) rearrangements were expressed at comparable levels when CD34+/CD19- HSC were plated on human or murine stromal cells. In contrast, CD34+/CD10-/CD19-/CD45RA HSC plated on human or murine stromal cells expressed CD19 in both cultures, but TdT was only expressed in human stromal cell cultures. We conclude that human BM stromal cell, human skin fibroblasts, and murine S17 stromal cell cultures can provide complementary and comparative tools for identification of stromal cell ligands with potentially unique functions in regulating human B-cell development.
    No preview · Article · Sep 1999 · Experimental Hematology
  • N Shah · L Oseth · T W LeBien
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    ABSTRACT: Clonal expansion of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is potentially regulated by survival, growth, and death signals transduced by the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment. Using a human BM stromal cell culture that supports the growth of normal human B-cell precursors, we established a pre-B ALL cell line designated BLIN-2. BLIN-2 has a clonal rearrangement of the Ig heavy chain locus, a dic(9;20) chromosomal abnormality, and a bi-allelic deletion of the p16(INK4a) and p19(ARF) genes. The most interesting feature of BLIN-2 is an absolute dependence on adherent human BM stromal cells for sustained survival and growth. BLIN-2 cultured in the absence of BM stromal cells undergo apoptosis, and direct contact with viable BM stromal cells is essential for optimal growth. BLIN-2 cells also grow on vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1)-negative human skin fibroblasts, making it unlikely that a very late antigen-4 (VLA-4)/VCAM-1 interaction is required for BLIN-2 growth. Western blot analysis of BLIN-2 cells cultured in the presence or absence of BM stromal cells demonstrates that contact of BLIN-2 with BM stromal cells induces hyperphosphorylation of Rb. In contrast, the pre-B ALL cell line BLIN-1, which has a bi-allelic deletion of p16(INK4a) p19(ARF) but does not require BM stromal cells for growth, does not undergo Rb phosphorylation after BM stromal cell contact. The BLIN-2 cell line will facilitate identification of ligand/receptor interactions at the B-cell precursor/BM stromal cell interface and may provide new insight into microenvironmental regulation of leukemic cell survival and growth.
    No preview · Article · Dec 1998 · Blood

Publication Stats

6k Citations
1,051.91 Total Impact Points


  • 1980-2014
    • University of Minnesota Duluth
      • • Laboratory Medicine and Pathology
      • • Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
      Duluth, Minnesota, United States
  • 1999
    • Moffitt Cancer Center
      Tampa, Florida, United States
  • 1989
    • Brigham and Women's Hospital
      • Division of Rheumatology, Immunology, and Allergy
      Boston, MA, United States
  • 1988
    • Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 1984
    • The Ohio State University
      Columbus, Ohio, United States
  • 1983
    • Moncrief Cancer Institute
      Fort Worth, Texas, United States
    • Spokane VA Medical Center
      Spokane, Washington, United States
  • 1979
    • Roswell Park Cancer Institute
      • Department of Immunology
      Buffalo, New York, United States