Publications (2)11.15 Total impact
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Screening of cDNA expression libraries derived from human tumors with autologous sera (SEREX) permits the definition of immunogenic antigens in individual cancer patients. However, only a minority of SEREX-derived cDNA clones show a clear cancer-relatedness in the sense that circulating autoantibodies to them occur exclusively in the sera of tumor patients but not in healthy individuals. Evaluation of multiple SEREX-defined clones in serological assays using panels of allogeneic sera from cancer patients as well as appropriate control groups is an important step towards focussing on the relevant antigens. This in turn is the basis for defining disease parameters of diagnostic and prognostic significance.Here, we show that seroreactivity of multiple SEREX-derived antigens can be simultaneously evaluated using a rapid and versatile high throughput procedure, which we call SeroGRID.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We applied a combined data mining and experimental validation Approach for the discovery of germ cell-specific genes aberrantly expressed in cancer. Six of 21 genes with confirmed germ cell specificity were detected in tumors, indicating that ectopic activation of testis-specific genes in cancer is a frequent phenomenon. Most surprisingly one of the genes represented lactate dehydrogenase C (LDHC), the germ cell-specific member of the lactate dehydrogenase family. LDHC escapes from transcriptional repression, resulting in significant expression levels in virtually all tumor types tested. Moreover, we discovered aberrant splicing of LDHC restricted to cancer cells, resulting in four novel tumor-specific variants displaying structural alterations of the catalytic domain. Expression of LDHC in tumors is neither mediated by gene promotor demethylation, as previously described for other germ cell-specific genes activated in cancer, nor induced by hypoxia as demonstrated for enzymes of the glycolytic pathway. LDHC represents the first lactate dehydrogenase isoform with restriction to tumor cells. In contrast to other LDH isoenzymes, LDHC has a preference for lactate as a substrate. Thus LDHC activation in cancer may provide a metabolic rescue pathway in tumor cells by exploiting lactate for ATP delivery.