J Pasquier

Institut Paoli Calmettes, Marsiglia, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France

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Publications (27)44.89 Total impact

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2005 · Revue Neurologique
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the potential role of the sentinel lymph node (SLN) procedure in limited lymph node dissection in patients with apparently localised prostate carcinoma. In 27 patients with organ-confined prostate cancer, a single injection of 0.3 ml/30 MBq( 99m)Tc-rhenium sulphur colloid was injected transrectally into the peripheral zone of each lobe of the prostate (total 0.6 ml/60 MBq) under ultrasound guidance. Two hours after injection, scintigraphy was performed. The first step in surgery was the detection and dissection of lymph nodes identified as SLNs. Then, standard lymphadenectomy was performed, consisting in a limited dissection that included all lymph nodes from the obturator fossa and along the external iliac vein. Lymphatic tissue along the hypogastric artery was not systematically removed, except in the presence of SLNs. Mean patient age was 66 years (48-77); the mean serum prostate-specific antigen value was 10.6 ng/ml. In a high proportion of patients (21/27, 77.8%) an SLN was located along the initial centimetres of the hypogastric artery. The second most frequent site of SLNs was in the obturator fossa (11/27 patients, 40.7%), followed by the external iliac area (5/27 patients, 18.5%). Four patients had lymph node metastases, all in SLNs: two in the hypogastric area and two in the obturator fossa. The SLN procedure revealed the individual variability in the lymphatic drainage of the prostate. The main site of SLNs was the hypogastric area, and two of the four metastatic nodes were located at this site. A limited standard pelvic lymphadenectomy, excluding the hypogastric lymph nodes, would have missed half of the lymph node metastases in this study. A radionuclide SLN procedure could assist in the correct staging of patients with early prostate cancer, especially when performing limited lymphadenectomy.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2005 · European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging
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    ABSTRACT: A 39-year-old, right-handed woman had seizures for two years which were always triggered by exposure to various types of music: the first occurred while she listened to a tune she particularly liked, Con Te Partiro, by Andrea Boccelli. Other triggering factors were various types of music such as supermarket background music and polyphonic singing or instrumental music played by family members. The seizures had a stereotyped course: she felt anxious, tearful, then occurred slight obtundation, during which she smacked her lips and moved restlessly. There was no complete loss of consciousness, but some degree of amnesia. She never experienced a generalized tonic-clonic seizure, but reported rare spontaneous feelings of déjà-vu that had begun at the same time as the induced seizures. There were no other spontaneous attacks; only one seizure was apparently provoked, not by music but by a loud background noise in her office. She was a music lover and a singer. Interictal EEG showed independent slow waves over the temporal regions. Several seizures with EEG localisation over the right temporal region were elicited after several minutes of exposure to music. Monoauricular stimulation with the same music produced a seizure when applied to the left ear but was ineffective when applied to the right ear. Ictal SPECT demonstrated right temporal hyperperfusion. MRI was normal. On high dose of carbamazepine, seizure frequency decreased. The addition of topiramate resulted in full seizure control. Musicogenic epilepsy is a rare form of reflex epilepsy. Pure cases, when patients do not experience unprovoked seizures, are exceptional. Our report confirms the implication of the right temporal lobe in this epilepsy.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2003 · Epileptic disorders: international epilepsy journal with videotape
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to define the factors associated with nonvisualization of a sentinel node (SN) in the axilla area during preoperative lymphoscintigraphy. We retrospectively studied 332 women with T0, T1, or T2 <3-cm, N0 invasive breast cancer who underwent a sentinel lymph node biopsy procedure. All patients had intradermal and intraparenchymal injection of 37 MBq (99m)Tc-sulfur colloid in a total volume of 4 x 0.1 mL, above and around the tumor. Anterior and lateral static views were obtained a few minutes and 2-4 h after injection. Surgery was performed the next day. The SNs were localized intraoperatively with the aid of patent blue dye and using a hand-held gamma-probe. SNs were analyzed by serial sections stained with hematoxylin-eosin, with the adjacent section stained with anticytokeratin antibodies. Different parameters, such as the number of positive lymph nodes, presence of lymphovascular invasion, tumor size, tumor grade, histology (invasive vs. in situ), prior excisional biopsy, and patient age were analyzed to determine whether they had any significant correlation with nonvisualization of SNs in the axillary area. An axillary SN was successfully visualized on the preoperative lymphoscintigraphy in 302 of 332 patients (90.7%). No axillary drainage was found in 30 patients on the delayed images, even after a second injection of radiocolloid, and 5 of 30 patients showed uptake outside the axillary area. Positive nodes were identified in 86 of 302 patients (28.5%) with successful axillary drainage and in 19 of 30 patients (63.3%) with unsuccessful axillary drainage. More than 4 invaded axillary nodes (P < 0.0001) and the presence of lymphovascular invasion in the breast tumor (P = 0.004) were the only significant variables on univariate analysis, although multivariate analysis showed that only the increased number of invaded nodes was statistically significant. Patients with unsuccessful axillary mapping have an increased risk for axillary involvement.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2003 · Journal of Nuclear Medicine
  • H Brunel · B F Michel · J Pasquier · J L Gastaut
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    ABSTRACT: DFT (fronto-temporal dementia) was diagnosed in 33 patients (17 males and 16 females), mean age 74.9 years, using the criteria from Neary et al. (1998). The severity of the disease was evaluated based on the presence or absence of 4 clinical groups of signs (behavioral, affective, neurological signs and language) allowing the calculation of a global clinical ratio on 20. A CT-scan and a Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) scan using Tc99m-ECD with quantification of brain perfusion were then performed. This study confirmed the classical clinical forms of DFT: a psycho-affective form (21%), where negative symptoms are predominant, and a behavioral disinhibited form (9%). Most of our cases (40%) corresponded to a global form. Finally we also identified a fourth clinical form: cognitive form because of predominance of language disturbances (30%). Concerning SPECT, we found 4 topographic forms: frontal global (46%), frontal superior (24%), frontal inferior (15%) and frontal unilateral (12%). In the frontal inferior form, behavioral disturbances were correlated to the intensity of frontal inferior hypoperfusion, corresponding to an orbito-frontal dysfunction. In the frontal superior form, psycho-affective disturbances (apathy) were correlated with frontal superior hypoperfusion (anterior cingulum and superior dorso-lateral cortex). Finally, in global and frontal inferior SPECT forms, language disturbances were correlated with a frontal inferior hypoperfusion (prefrontal and inferior left frontal cortex).
    No preview · Article · Feb 2003 · Journal of Neuroradiology
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    ABSTRACT: Despite improved diagnostic accuracy, differentiation of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) on the basis of clinical findings remains problematic. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the utility of technetium-99m ethyl cysteinate dimer (ECD) single-photon emission tomography (SPET) as a potential tool for the diagnosis of DLB and discrimination from AD. Cerebral perfusion patterns detected by (99m)Tc-ECD SPET were compared in patients presenting with a probable diagnosis of DLB ( n=34) or AD ( n=28). Tracer distribution was quantified using the region of interest technique in eight symmetrical paired zones and expressed as a perfusion index (ratio of mean uptake in a brain region to that in the cerebellum). Comparison of findings in the DLB and AD groups demonstrated significant differences in mean perfusion indexes in the right occipital region ( P=0.004), left occipital region ( P=0.005) and left medial temporal region ( P=0.013). Mean perfusion indexes in the right and left occipital regions were lower in DLB than in AD patients. Conversely, the mean perfusion index in the left medial temporal region was lower in AD than in DLB patients. DLB was correctly identified in 22 patients (sensitivity, 65%) while AD was correctly identified in 20 patients (specificity, 71%). In the DLB group, right and left occipital perfusion indexes were 0.95 or more in all eight non-hallucinating patients, and bilateral occipital hypoperfusion was observed in 15 of the 26 patients with visual hallucinations (57.7%). To our knowledge, this is the first study in which (99m)Tc-ECD SPET has been used exclusively for the diagnosis of DLB. The results suggest that brain perfusion scintigraphy could be helpful in distinguishing DLB from AD if diagnosis based on clinical criteria alone is difficult. The findings also support a link between visual hallucinations and structural/functional changes in the occipital region in DLB patients.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2002 · European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging
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    ABSTRACT: Evaluation of the response to therapy is important for optimal selection of treatment strategy in patients with Hodgkin's disease (HD). Refractory disease requires intensive high-dose chemotherapy, whereas unnecessary treatment should be avoided in patients in complete remission. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the contribution of gallium-67 scintigraphy in predicting the clinical outcome in patients with HD and mediastinal involvement on the basis of scan results at the end of chemotherapy. Seventy-four patients with HD and mediastinal involvement were retrospectively investigated with 67Ga scintigraphy 72 h after injection of 220 MBq 67Ga citrate (planar and single-photon emission tomographic studies) following the completion of chemotherapy. At the same time, they all underwent computed tomography (CT). Patients were followed up for an average of 63 months (range 28-124 months). The disease status was newly diagnosed disease in 64 of the patients and relapse in 10. Systemic symptoms were absent (A) in 34 cases and present (B) in 40 cases. Forty-one patients had stage I or II disease and 33 patients had stage III or IV disease. Twenty-two patients had bulky disease on initial diagnosis. At the end of chemotherapy, all 74 patients showed regression of the mass by more than 50% (50%-100%) on CT. Patients were divided into two groups according to the positivity or negativity of the gallium scan after chemotherapy: 61 patients had negative and 13 patients had positive gallium scans. In the gallium-negative group, 19.7% of the patients relapsed and 91.8% were alive at the end of the follow-up. Relapse occurred in 20% of the patients with residual mass and in 19.6% of the patients without residual mass. In the gallium-positive group, 84.6% of the patients had recurrent disease and 61.5% were alive after intensive chemotherapy. There was a statistically significant difference in overall survival between patients with positive and patients with negative gallium results (P=0.0034). Disease-free survival differed significantly between patients with positive and patients with negative gallium scans at the end of chemotherapy (P<0.0001). The relative risk of death was 5.2 and the relative risk of relapse was 11.3 for patients with positive gallium scans, in comparison to those with negative gallium scans. The positive and negative predictive values for predicting relapse were 85% and 87%, respectively. It is concluded that even if gallium scan is performed at the end of chemotherapy, it can predict outcome. Alternative therapy may be required on the basis of gallium scan results obtained after treatment.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2001 · European Journal of Nuclear Medicine
  • B. Dedienne · I. Brenot-Rossi · R. Sauvan · J. Pasquier
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    ABSTRACT: Following radioiodine therapy for thyroid carcinoma, we can see a thymic uptake. The aim of this study was to assess its frequency and characteristics. Patients and methods : 262 patients underwent one or more therapeutic activity of iodine-131. A whole body scintigraphy after administration of 74 MBq of iodine-131 was always done before. Results : Six patients (2,3%) had a thymic uptake (4 women and 2 men) ; they were less than 51 years old. Thymic uptake was never seen after the first therapeutic activity, appeared for 3 patients after 2 therapeutics activities, for one after 3, and for 2 after 4. It was visualized in all cases only after the fourth day control, but never after 74 MBq of iodine-131. Thyroglobulin plasma level was normal in 5 cases. The sixth was 44 μg/l but the patient had lymph metastases. Five patients had a CT-scan : the mediastinal uptake was related to a normal thymus in 4 patients and to an hyperplasic gland in one. Conclusion : thymus uptake of iodine-131 is not frequent, it happens after at least 2 therapeutics activities in rather young patients. It is seen only at post-therapeutic control. Thyroglobulin is normal if thymic uptake is the only abnormality, and the CT-scan shows a normal or hyperplasic gland. Additional therapeutics activities are without effect on thymic uptake of iodine-131. It is important to diagnose it in order to avoid surgery and useless therapeutics activities administrations.
    No preview · Article · Nov 1999
  • J. R. Viallat · R Sauvan · F Rey · C Boutin · J Pasquier
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    ABSTRACT: Nous avons étudié l'intérêt potentiel de deux biomarqueurs des cytokératines, le Cyfra 21 -1 et le TPA (tissue polypeptid antigen), pour le dépistage des cancers induits par l'amiante (mésothéliome malin et cancer bronchique). Leur dosage sérique, couplé à celui de l'ACE, a été effectué chez 291 patients dont 110 témoins, 71 asbestoses, 42 mésothéliomes, 41 adénocarcinomes pleuraux et 27 cancers bronchiques exposés à l'amiante. Aux valeurs seuils retenues (respectivement 3,3 mg/L, 100 U/L et 5 mg/L), le Cyfra et le TPA ont une bonne spécificité et sensibilité pour distinguer les asbestoses des cancers induits par l'amiante: la valeur prédictive positive est égale à 0,95 pour le Cyfra et 0,91 pour le TPA. Les courbes ROC mettent en évidence un léger avantage du TPA sur le Cyfra. Quant à l'ACE, il n'est utile que dans l'aide à la distinction entre mésothéliomes et adénocarcinomes pleuraux. En conclusion, le TPA apparaît être un marqueur utile au dépistage des cancers induits par l'amiante dans des populations à haut risque asbestosique.
    No preview · Article · Dec 1996 · Immuno-analyse & Biologie Spécialisée
  • J. Viallat · R. Sauvan · F. Rey · C. Boutin · J. Pasquier

    No preview · Article · Jan 1996 · Immuno-analyse & Biologie Spécialisée

  • No preview · Article · Jan 1995 · Annales de gastroentérologie et d'hépatologie
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    ABSTRACT: The goal of this study was to confirm the capacity of occupational medicine to become involved in cooperative screening programs with a dosage of the PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) determined by immunoradiometric assay. Two thousands and five hundred seventy three salaried workers in the building sector, between 50 and 65 years old, participated in this investigation. Thirty seven individual ie 1.4% had a PSA level above or equal to 10 micrograms/l. Among them, 35 were checked within three months and 17 were found to have a persistently elevated PSA level. In this subgroup 15 pathologies including two cancers were found. We observed a great variability in the results of PSA determination in the groups of individuals whose initial assay level was above or equal to 10 micrograms/l. The linear correlation coefficient between the two assays (on the same individual), carried out at a six week interval on average, was low (r = 0.52 for N = 35). In our series, 3.5% of patients followed up had undergone a rectal examination less than a year previously. Occupational medicine seems to be an efficient setting for screening intervention. However, the people mainly concerned by our study, (salaried workers seen through the physicians interviewed) did not seem very aware of this type of action.
    No preview · Article · Dec 1994 · Bulletin du cancer
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    ABSTRACT: We describe our experience using an implantable Port-A-Cath access system for intrapleural administration of gamma-interferon (gamma-IFN) in malignant mesothelioma patients. Twenty nine patients, with histologically proven malignant mesotheliomas were included in this study. To avoid complications the device was implanted in a subcutaneous pocket, and the catheter was connected via a tunnel. Also, a suction drain was installed in the pocket after placement. This procedure greatly reduced the high infection rate (64%) encountered with conventional open chest tubes. Patients' tolerance was excellent and maintenance minimal. In our opinion, the Port-A-Cath system is the most suitable device for intra-cavitary long-term therapy of malignant pleural effusions.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 1994 · European Respiratory Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Immunotherapy using recombinant interleukin 2 (rIL-2) has been shown to induce thyroid dysfunction in some cancer patients. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of this adverse autoimmune response. Triiodothyronine, thyroxine and thyrotropin levels were measured serially in 146 consecutive patients treated with rIL-2 for refractory solid tumor (77 patients) or malign hemopathy (69 patients); rIL-2 was administered intravenously in 5-day cycles (18 x 10(6)-24 x 10(6) IU.m-2.day-1) either alone in 79 cases or in combination with autologous bone marrow transplantation in 26 cases, with interferon-gamma in 37 cases, with tumor necrosis factor-alpha in 13 and with cyclophosphamide in five cases. Some patients underwent more than one therapeutic protocol. Peripheral hypothyroidism was present upon entry in nine (6.2%) patients. Thyroid dysfunction appeared or worsened during rIL-2 therapy in 24 (16.4%) patients. Sixteen (10.9%) patients exhibited peripheral hypothyroidism, out of which four exhibited biphasic thyroiditis. Another five (3.4%) patients developed transient hyperthyroidism. Anomaly could not be classified in three patients. Thyroid dysfunction appeared early after one or two cycles. All surviving patients recovered. Only gender and presence of antithyroid antibody were correlated significantly with rIL-2-induced thyroid abnormalities. No correlation was found with any of the other risk factors studied, i.e. type of malignancy, rIL-2 treatment procedure, clinical efficacy, evolution of circulating lymphocyte subsets or other autoimmune antibodies. Antithyroid antibodies were detected in 60.9% of patients with this complication. Thyroid-stimulating antibodies were never detected.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    No preview · Article · Aug 1993 · Acta endocrinologica
  • D Brétheau · A Ponthieu · I Rossi · J Pasquier
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    ABSTRACT: The renal function of sixty one adult patients was monitored by 99mTc-DMSA renal scan after cystectomy for a malignant tumour followed by ileal conduit urinary diversion. The postoperative follow-up period was 10 years. The stenosis rate of the uretero-ileal anastomosis was 12.8% and the incidence of pyelonephritis was 8% The mean value for overall renal function and for the function of each kidney did not deteriorate significantly (p = 0.1 and p = 0.7, respectively) over time. However, 26% of kidneys evaluated at 1 year and at 5 years showed a markedly decreased uptake on the renogram. In 70% of cases, this decreased uptake was related to the development of stenosis of the uretero-ileal anastomosis or pyelonephritis. Renal function remained stable at 5 years in group A, corresponding to patients with good initial renal function (n = 22, p = 0.07), and in group B, corresponding to patients with poor initial renal function (n = 7, p = 0.9). Similarly, the function of solitary kidneys did not deteriorate over the 5-year postoperative follow-up period (n = 7, p = 0.5). The functional value of the kidneys was therefore not globally altered after ileal conduit urinary diversion. The existence of a mechanical or infectious complication should be systematically investigated in the presence of a deterioration in renal function. DMSA isotope renal scan is a complete, qualitative and quantitative, follow-up examination after this type of urinary diversion.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    No preview · Article · Nov 1991 · Progrès en Urologie
  • F Fincker · R Sauvan · J Pasquier
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    ABSTRACT: Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) was compared to prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) in patients with prostatic cancer suspected to have bone metastases. Bone scans were classified according to metastatic skeletal involvement. The sensitivity of PSA in predicting the presence of metastatic disease (68%) was better than that of PAP (53%). Specificity was 79% for PSA and 90% for PAP. Thirty-five patients had a positive PSA level and a normal scintigraphy (false-positive); 14 of them had only endoscopic prostate resection. Thirty-eight patients underwent a further exploration 3-18 months later. PSA level during disease was correlated to scintigraphy in 32 of 38 patients.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1988 · American Journal of Clinical Oncology
  • F. Fincker · R. Sauvan · J. Pasquier

    No preview · Article · Aug 1987 · European Journal of Cancer and Clinical Oncology
  • J R Viallat · A Henri · R Sauvan · P Farisse · J Pasquier · J Hassoun · C Boutin
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    ABSTRACT: In an immunohistochemical study 31 patients with bronchial cancer (squamous cell 9, large cell 4, small intermediate cell 11 and oat cell 7) were investigated for keratin and NSE. Keratin seems to be a valuable marker since only oat cell cancers and 45% of small intermediate cell cancers were negative. In contrast, marking with NSE seems to be non-discriminating. The low value of NSE as marker was confirmed by 133 serum NSE assays performed in 39 bronchial cancer patients. Although NSE values were significantly higher in oat cell cancer, in any given patient serum assays can, at best, detect relapses.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1986 · Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
  • J Nicolino · G Marmottant · C Nicolino · J Pasquier · R Sauvan · J Bert
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    ABSTRACT: Acromegaly associated with a Sleep Apnea Syndrome has but exceptionally been reported. Polygraphic recordings of sleep have been carried out in parallel with the determination of pituitary hormonal secretions, during the nycthemeral period before and after surgical treatment of the adenoma. There appears a Sleep Apnea Syndrome of the predominant obstructive type; the Apnea index is: 57 (N less than or equal to 4); the hypnogram is considerably jagged, with more than a thousand wakings and changes in the sleep stages, due to a great number of apneas. The deep slow sleep never occurs: no stages 3 and 4. The physiological peak of G.H. secreted in the beginning of the deep slow sleep thus does not appear in the Sleep Apnea Syndrome. The existence of a "false negative" criteria of a cured Acromegaly must be taken into consideration. The Sleep Apnea Syndrome must be differentiated from Narcolepsy and the usual Pickwickian syndrome. The Sleep Apnea Syndrome and Acromegaly seem to be two separate diseases, each one evolving independently. The cure of Acromegaly has not led to the cure of the Sleep Apnea Syndrome and the latter has not prevented the clinical and biological cure of Acromegaly. This may be an argument in favor of the independence of Acromegaly towards some hypothalamic structures.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1981 · Annales d Endocrinologie
  • R Abbé · H Roux · G Serratrice · J Pasquier · C de Laforte
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    ABSTRACT: The authors have studied 58 cases of primitive aseptic osteonecrosis of the hips, 35 cases of coxarthrosis, 12 algodystrophies and 11 cases of coxitis, using numerical scintigraphy with Technetium 99m pyrophosphate. They have studied the ration of uptake by the femoral head over the uptake by the soft issues. The values obtained are compared to those observed in the study of normal hips. The result is that the technique offers the possibility of establishing, in a more differential manner, a diagnosis of lesion of the hips at an infraradiologic stage.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1978 · Revue du rhumatisme et des maladies ostéo-articulaires