[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Proteoglycans (PG) are macromolecules composed of glycosaminoglycan chains covalently attached to a protein core. In this study, we examined the effects of PG on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced experimental colitis in rats. First, to examine whether PG may ameliorate acute established DSS colitis, PG was administered orally for 5 days to the model animals. We evaluated the effects of PG on the basis of clinical symptoms, hematological analysis, macroscopic observation, and microscopic examination. We then examined whether PG administered orally to rats was detectable in their colonic lumen. After administration of PG, the colonic contents were collected, and the molecular weight of PG in the sample was analyzed by gel filtration high-performance liquid chromatography. Furthermore, we examined whether orally administered PG affected the concentrations of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in the colonic feces. Orally administered PG ameliorated the clinical symptoms of bloody stools and diarrhea, and attenuated the increase in the white blood cell count in rats with established DSS colitis. Histologically, orally administered PG reduced the degree of mucosal erosion and inflammatory cell infiltration into the erosive area induced by DSS. Orally administered PG was detected in rat colon, although its molecular weight was slightly decreased. Orally administered PG significantly increased the concentration of total SCFAs and n-butyrate in rat colonic feces. This is the first study to indicate that exogenous PG ameliorates experimental colitis, suggesting the potential usefulness of PG for clinical treatment of colitis.
Preview · Article · Jun 2008 · Digestive Diseases and Sciences
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The glycosaminoglycan chain of decorin from human spinal ligaments was digested using the hydrolysis of bovine testicular hyaluronidase. As a result, decorin with hexasaccharide, octasaccharide, and decasaccharide including the linkage region, GlcA-Gal-Gal-Xyl, was obtained. The obtained decorin as an acceptor and hyaluronic acid as a donor were incubated with bovine testicular hyaluronidase under the condition of transglycosylation reaction. The transglycosylation reaction product had hexasaccharide to triacontasaccharide. Judging from the analysis of glycosaminoglycan chain in the transglycosylation reaction product, it was confirmed that hyaluronic acid chain as a donor was transferred to the retained glycosaminoglycan chain of decorin as an acceptor. Similarly, it was possible to reconstruct the glycosaminoglycan chain in decorin to chondroitin, chondroitin 4-sulfate or chondroitin 6-sulfate. Therefore, we succeeded in synthesizing an artificial family of decorins.
Preview · Article · Nov 2002 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications