Comparisons between electrotronic potentials and certain predicted curves allow the identification of the membrane potential at which the sodium and potassium currents are switched on in frog sartorius. The activation potentials (the membrane potentials at which the ionic currents are great enough to be resolved by the method) are functions of the resting potential and time but not of ionic concentration. In the normal fiber, the activation potential for sodium lies nearer the resting potential and depolarizations set off sodium currents and action potentials. Below a resting potential of 55 to 60 mv. sodium activation is lost and conduction is impossible. A tenfold increase of calcium concentration lowers (moves further from the resting potential) the sodium activation potential by 20 to 25 mv. whereas the potassium activation potential is lowered by only 15 mv. Certain consequences of this are seen in the behavior of the muscle cell when it is stimulated with long duration shock.