Cancer in Saudi Arabia

Cancer (Impact Factor: 4.89). 01/1964; 16(12):1530-6. DOI: 10.1002/1097-0142(196312)16:123.0.CO;2-Q
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    • "Previous reports confirm the yearly increase of cancer in general and of GUC in particular [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]. Cancer occurrence reports used to be derived from hospital-based data [5] [9] [10]. Ever since the establishment of the Saudi Cancer Registry (SCR) in 1992 and its first report in 1994, more accurate data hasve been derived on cancer epidemiology in this country. "
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    ABSTRACT: IntroductionSaudi Arabia has a low incidence of cancer; the age-standardized rate of cancer is only 83/100,000, compared to the world rate of 181/100,000. Recent reports confirm a yearly increase in cancer in general, and of genitourinary cancer (GUC) in particular. The aim of the study was to assess the trends of GUC among Saudi nationals.Methods All available annual reports of the Saudi Cancer Registry (SCR) from 1994 to 2006 were analysed and compared with worldwide data.ResultsOver a period of 13 years, 7132 GUCs were identified among Saudis, comprising 8.9% of all cancers reported, compared to 12.7% worldwide. The incidence rate of GUC increased over the study period, with the greatest increase in prostate and kidney cancer, at 48% and 33%, respectively. Summary stage data (Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results programme) showed late presentation of GUC at the time of diagnosis. An improvement in stage was only found in testicular and prostate cancer, at 79% and 50%, respectively. While prostate and bladder cancer ranked sixth and ninth in the male population, penile cancer continued to be a rare disease.Conclusions The incidence of GUC in Saudi Arabia is still low, but there was a significant increase in prostate and kidney cancer. More effort is needed to detect GUC at an earlier stage. A national cancer control programme is suggested.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2011 · Arab Journal of Urology
    • "In the UK lung cancer is still among the most frequently occurring cancers and accounts for one in five of new cancer cases; that is 34,000 new patients annually.[1011] In KSA, in contrast to early studies where lung cancer was rarely reported,[12–21] the prevalence of lung cancer has increased significantly in the recent years; this is, mainly attributed to the increased incidence of cigarette smoking among men and women in our community.[22] In 2004, the National Cancer Registry in KSA reported that lung cancer ranked fifth in males and seventeenth in females. "
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    ABSTRACT: Lung cancer accounts for 4% of all newly diagnosed cancers in Saudi Arabia. The pattern of presentation is unknown. The objectives of this study were to assess the clinical, radiological, pathological, biochemical and bronchoscopic abnormalities in lung cancer patients and to compare our findings with those reported in the literature. A total of 114 patients with proven lung cancer were selected for the study. A questionnaire concerning patients' demographic data was obtained; the abnormalities and the cell types of lung cancer were recorded prospectively in each subject. A total of 114 patients with lung cancer were studied. Mean age ± SD was (59.8 ± 10.8) years, and (71.1%) were smokers and 95.1% of them were male, (90.1%) smoked >20 pack/yr (96.2%) for 20 years or more. Cough (76.3%) and clubbing (40.4%) were the most common symptom and physical abnormality respectively. The right lung (64.9%) was more commonly affected than the left (37.7%). Metastases were present in (49.1%) at presentation. The right and left upper bronchi (24% vs. 16%) were the mostly affected. Hypercalcemia was more common in squamous cell, while hyponatremia was more common in adenocarcinoma, and small cell. Squamous cell carcinoma was the most common cell type (51.8%) and significantly associated with smoking (P ≤ 0.001) Squamous cell carcinoma was the most common cell type, and significantly associated with smoking. The incidence of metastasis was high at presentation. The right lung and right upper bronchus were often affected. Hypercalcemia and hyponatremia were the most common biochemical abnormalities.
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    • "Author(s) & year Taylor, 1963 9 Stirling et al 1979 1 El Akkad 1983 10 1986 11 Willen & Patterson, 1989 2 Khan et al, 1991 3 Ajarim, 1992 12 Koriech & Al Kuhaymi, 1994 13 Al Ghamdi et al, 1994 18 Al Saigh et al, 1995 8 Tandon et al, 1995 5 Belagavi et al, 1996 14 Ezzat et al 1996 El-Helal et al 1997 29 Al Tamimi et al 1997 15 Akhtar & Reyes 1997 4 Al Mobeerik, 1998 17 Archibong et al, 2000 16 El Hag et al, 2002 7 Location "
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    ABSTRACT: A retrospective analysis of skin cancers in a major referral centre in Taif region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, (KSA). The case records of all malignant skin cancers diagnosed during a 10 year period, from 1992 through to 2001 were taken for the study. The clinical and histopathological details were noted. These were compared to reports from the rest of KSA and other countries. One hundred and four cases of malignant skin lesions including primary and metastatic tumors were seen. The majority were Saudis. The male to female ratio was 2.25:1. Most of the patients were over the age of 60 years. Basal cell carcinoma was the most frequent (51%) followed by squamous cell carcinoma (26%) and malignant melanoma (12.5%). Other rare primary tumors were those arising from the skin appendages, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans and Kaposi's sarcoma. Metastatic skin lesions were seen in 5; in one it resulted from a surgical procedure and in the others the primary site could not be determined. The number of patients seen in this report is not high indicating that protective factors like clothing and skin type of the individual played a protective role. However, we feel that more studies should be encouraged in other regions along with the creation of a registry within each area to monitor the information regarding skin cancers. This could then be incorporated in health education programmes to be imparted to the public.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2004 · Saudi medical journal
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