Arthroscopic-Assisted Reduction with Bilateral Buttress Plate Fixation of Complex Tibial Plateau Fractures

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
Arthroscopy The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery (Impact Factor: 3.21). 12/2003; 19(9):974-84. DOI: 10.1016/j.arthro.2003.09.038
Source: PubMed


Our aim was to determine the outcome of arthroscopic-assisted reduction with bilateral buttress plate fixation for the treatment of closed complex tibial plateau fractures.
Case series.
18 consecutive patients (12 men, 6 women) with complex tibial plateau fractures were enrolled in this prospective study. All patients underwent arthroscopic-assisted bilateral buttress plate fixation of closed complex tibial plateau fractures. The average age at operation was 35 years (range, 23 to 45 years). The follow-up period ranged from 39 to 69 months, with an average of 48 months. Using the Schatzker classification, there were 11 type V and 7 type VI fractures. The clinical and radiological outcomes were determined according to Rasmussen's system.
All of the 18 fractures united. Overall, 4 (22%) patients were rated as excellent, 12 (67%) good, and 2 (11%) fair. Secondary osteoarthritis appeared in 3 injured knees (16.7%). One patient had a wound dehiscence (3 cm long) of the medial incision. Condylar joint surface depression was noted in 3 patients without functional instability. Two patients had valgus alignment between 10 degrees and 15 degrees. Two patients had the paresthesia over the lateral calf. There were no complications directly associated with arthroscopy in any of the 18 patients. No deep vein thrombosis, infection, or knee stiffness was found at final follow-up.
Arthroscopic-assisted reduction with bilateral buttress plate fixation for complex tibial plateau fractures allows accurate fracture reduction, diagnosis, and treatment of associated intra-articular lesions, and less dissection than open reduction internal fixation.

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    • "This may have been achieved because the procedure of avoided arthrotomy, with a temporary reduction by manipulation and confirmation of reduction by arthroscopy allowing surgical objectives to be accomplished with minimal damage to the capsule of the joint. On restoration of articular congruity, reduction was maintained with cannulated screws or, when needed, a medial plate applied without arthrotomy [38, 39]. This type of fracture is characterized by many associated injures (5 medial meniscus tears, 3 ACL, 2 PCL and 1 LCL ruptures). "
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to compare arthroscopic assisted reduction internal fixation (ARIF) treatment with open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) treatment in patients with tibial plateau fractures. We studied 100 patients with tibial plateau fractures (54 men and 46 women) examined by X-rays and CT scans, divided into 2 groups. Group A with associated meniscus tear was treated by ARIF technique, while in group B ORIF technique was used. The follow-up period ranged from 12 to 116 months. The patients were evaluated both clinically and radiologically according to the Rasmussen and HSS (The Hospital for Special Surgery knee-rating) scores. In group A, the average Rasmussen clinical score is 27.62 ± 2.60 (range, 19-30), while in group B is 26.81 ± 2.65 (range, 21-30). HSS score in group A was 76.36 ± 14.19 (range, 38-91) as the average clinical result, while in group B was 73.12 ± 14.55 (range, 45-91). According to Rasmussen radiological results, the average score for group A was 16.56 ± 2.66 (range, 8-18), while in group B was 15.88 ± 2.71 (range, 10-18). Sixty-nine of 100 patients in our study had associated intra-articular lesions. We had 5 early complications and 36 late complications. The study suggests that there are no differences between ARIF and ORIF treatment in Schatzker type I fractures. ARIF technique may increase the clinical outcome in Schatzker type II-III-IV fractures. In Schatzker type V and VI fractures, ARIF and ORIF techniques have both poor medium- and long-term results but ARIF treatment, when indicated, is the best choice for the lower rate of infections.
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    ABSTRACT: Ten tibial plateau fractures treated arthroscopically are reported. In eight cases, closed internal fixation was performed under arthroscopic control while in another two patients, arthroscopic washout alone was undertaken. Only one case required external splintage (a cast brace), the remainder being mobilized non-weight-bearing without plaster immediately after the operation. The results were good. We suggest that the arthroscope is a useful tool in the treatment of these fractures and provides information not otherwise available. There is a low morbidity, inpatient stay is short and early joint movement can be encouraged.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 1992 · Injury
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