Article

Quality Improvement for Pressure Ulcer Care in the Nursing Home Setting: The Northeast Pressure Ulcer Project

Department of Community Health, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.
Journal of the American Medical Directors Association (Impact Factor: 4.94). 11/2003; 4(6):291-301. DOI: 10.1097/01.JAM.0000094064.06058.74
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

The objectives of this study were to evaluate the impact of a collaborative model of quality improvement in nursing homes on processes of care for the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers.
The study design was experimental.
We studied 29 nursing homes in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island.
Participants consisted of pressure ulcer quality improvement teams in 29 nursing homes.
Quality improvement teams attended a series of workshops to review clinical guidelines and quality improvement principles and to share best practices, and worked one-on-one with mentors to implement quality improvement techniques and to collect data independently.
We calculated process measures based on the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) guidelines. Process measures addressed each facility's processes of care for the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers at baseline and after 12 months of intervention. Prevention measures focused on recent admissions and high-risk residents; treatment measures focused on patients newly diagnosed with pressure ulcers and all patients with pressure ulcers.
Overall, 6 of 8 prevention process measures improved significantly, with percent difference between baseline and follow up ranging from 11.6% to 24.5%. Three of 4 treatment process measures improved significantly, with 5.0%, 8.9%, and 25.9% difference between baseline and follow up. For each process measure, between 5 and 12 facilities demonstrated significant improvement between baseline and follow up, and only 2 or fewer declined for each process measure.
Improvement in processes of care after the use of a structured collaborative quality improvement approach is possible in the nursing home setting.

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Available from: Rosa R Baier, Sep 28, 2015
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    • "These are typically self-study modules or classroom sessions designed to deliver content to individual staff members about geriatric syndromes such as falls, pressure ulcers, and behavior management in dementia (Jones et al., 2004; Kuske et al., 2007; Stein et al., 2001). This individual staff training is intended for use in conjunction with NH-level Quality Improvement processes (Baier et al., 2003). "
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    • "A QIC program team includes experts in both the health condition and methods of quality improvement. According to a recent systematic review, QICs have shown moderate effectiveness in terms of patient outcomes [10] and several studies suggest effectiveness of QICs for PUs in particular [13,14]. Despite the popularity of QIC's, the cost-effectiveness of QICs is rarely considered [10], in fact only a study by Huang addressed this aspect [15]. "
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    • "Frequently, the healthcare workers did not receive a formal introduction to the protocol. Process oriented studies about quality of care for nursing home residents revealed that measures for pressure ulcer prevention were rarely concordant with evidence-based guidelines and that there were numerous opportunities to improve care related to pressure ulcer prevention (Baier et al. 2003, Bates-Jensen et al. 2003, Saliba et al. 2003, Wipke-Tevis et al. 2004). In home health care, similar suboptimal pressure ulcer prevention practices were reported. "
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