Effect of the new thiazolidinedione-pioglitazone on the development of oxidative stress in liver and kidney of diabetic rabbits

ArticleinLife Sciences 74(5):553-62 · January 2004with6 Reads
Impact Factor: 2.70 · DOI: 10.1016/j.lfs.2003.03.004 · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    Impaired homeostasis under diabetic conditions is connected with the increased production of free radicals and deficiency of antioxidative systems. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of new oral antidiabetic drug-pioglitazone on activity of antioxidant factors and lipid peroxidation in vivo. The liver and kidney of alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits were examined after 4 and 8 weeks of treatment. After 4 weeks of diabetes the superoxide dismutase (Cu,Zn-SOD) activity in the liver was diminished while the catalase (CAT) activity and the level of ascorbic acid (AA) were elevated in comparison with the control group. Pioglitazone treatment during 4 weeks decreased the catalase activity in relation to the control diabetic animals. After 8 weeks of diabetes the CAT activity in the liver was elevated in comparison with the control group. Pioglitazone treatment during 8 weeks decreased the CAT activity and the level of lipid peroxidation products (LPO), and increased the Cu,Zn-SOD activity in relation to control diabetic animals. After 4 weeks of diabetes in the kidney the Cu,Zn-SOD activity and the level of ascorbic acid (AA) were diminished while the CAT activity and the LPO level were elevated in comparison with the control group. Pioglitazone treatment during 4 weeks increased the AA and decreased the LPO levels in relation to non-treated diabetic animals. After 8 weeks of disease the Cu,Zn-SOD activity in the kidney was diminished in comparison with the control group. Pioglitazone during 8 weeks decreased the LPO level in relation to non-treated diabetic animals. This study shows that diabetic animals undergo an important oxidative stress, which is partially corrected by pioglitazone treatment.