Lipolytic and Esterolytic Activities in Posterior Lingual Glands of Rat: A Histochemical Study
University of Liverpool, Liverpool, England, United KingdomThe Histochemical Journal 02/2002; 34(11-12):529-33. DOI: 10.1023/A:1026037801958
Catalytic activities of lingual lipase were investigated by enzyme histochemistry in post-mortem tongues from male rats. Sections of fresh-frozen or formalin-calcium fixed tissue were incubated with naphthol-AS-nonanoate and alpha-naphthyl acetate substrate mixtures. The effects of pH level, sodium taurocholate activator and E600 inhibitor were also examined. The use of cryostat sections of tissues fixed in formalin-calcium and of nonanoate substrate within the range of pH 4.4-6.4, were optimal for localizing maximum reaction product, captured by Fast Blue BB, in acini and demilunes of the posterior deep and superficial lingual glands respectively. The reaction product corresponded with the distribution of secretory granules and failed to develop when taurocholate was omitted from the incubation medium. Similarly localized E600-resistant reaction product occurred with the acetate substrate and hexazotized New Fuchsin at pH 7.4, in the absence of taurocholate. Lipase and conventional esterase activities appear to be superimposed in posterior lingual glands of rat. The ability of their acini and demilunes to hydrolyse nonanoate substrate at an acidic pH optimum, when activated by sodium taurocholate, seems attributable to lipase destined for secretion into saliva--hence convenient for routine histochemical identification of the enzyme.
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ABSTRACT: We report here for the first time a morphological description and observations on some of the secretory proteins of the von Ebner's lingual salivary glands (VEG) of the Syrian hamster. Hamster VEG were macroscopically less distinct, but histologically similar to rat VEG. VEG extracts of hamster and rat were assayed for lipase, alpha-amylase and peroxidase activities. Unlike rat VEG, which is rich in lipase activity, hamster VEG extract had no detectable lipase activity and did not react with antibodies to either rat lingual lipase or human gastric lipase in Western blots. Immunohistochemical reactions with the anti-rat lingual lipase antibody were very weak in hamster VEG and strong in rat VEG. Moderate alpha-amylase enzyme activities and immunohistochemical reactions were demonstrated in both hamster and rat VEG. Peroxidase activity was negligible in the VEG, unlike the high activity in the submandibular glands of both species. An 18 kDa von Ebner's gland protein (VEGP), a member of the lipocalin superfamily of hydrophobic ligandbinding proteins, was abundant in rat VEG, but not detected in hamster VEG. Thus, hamster VEG differs from rat VEG in macroscopic appearance and the absence of lipase and VEGP. It is similar to rat VEG histologically and with regard to the presence of alpha-amylase and absence of peroxidase.
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ABSTRACT: In this article the locations and histologic and ultrastructural features of all of the minor salivary glands of the rat are presented; similarities and differences among them are highlighted. These glands are almost as diverse morphologically as the major salivary glands of the rat. The acini of von Ebner's glands are serous; those of the anterior and posterior buccal glands and minor sublingual glands are mucous; and those of the glossopalatal, palatal, and Weber's glands are mucous with serous demilunes. The anterior buccal, minor sublingual and von Ebner's glands have striated and stratified columnar ducts, while only the minor sublingual and von Ebner's glands have intercalated ducts. The glossopalatal, palatal, posterior buccal and Weber's glands have none of these ducts; the tubulo-acini drain abruptly into short terminal ducts composed of stratified squamous epithelium. All of the mucous acini react with an antibody to a mucin (Muc19) of the rat major sublingual gland, but in some of the glands the reaction varies in intensity among the acinar cells. Ultrastructurally, the mucous secretory granules of the anterior buccal, glossopalatal, palatal and Weber's glands are biphasic, while those of the minor sublingual and posterior buccal glands are monophasic. Although there is a considerable body of literature concerning the development, innervation, physiology and proteomics of von Ebner's glands, investigation of the other minor salivary glands of the rat ranges from modest to nearly nonexistent.
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