Refinement of the structure of human Rab5a GTPase domain at 1.05 A resolution.

Oklahoma City University, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States
Acta Crystallographica Section D Biological Crystallography (Impact Factor: 2.67). 02/2004; 60(Pt 1):54-60. DOI: 10.1107/S0907444903021632
Source: PubMed


Rab5 is a GTPase that regulates early endosome fusion. Its GTPase domain crystal structure is reported here at 1.05 A resolution in complex with a GTP-analog molecule. It provides the highest resolution three-dimensional model so far obtained for proteins from the Ras-like GTPase family. This study allows extension of structural examination of the GTPase machinery as well as of high-resolution protein structures in general. For example, a buried water-molecule network was observed underneath the switch regions, which is consistent with the functional roles of these regions in the molecular-switching process. Furthermore, residues of multiple conformation and clustered distribution of anisotropic thermal motions of the protein molecule may have general implications for the function of Ras-like GTPases.

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    ABSTRACT: Rab5 is a small GTPase that regulates early endosome fusion. We present here the crystal structure of the Rab5 GTPase domain in complex with a GTP analog and the C-terminal domain of effector Rabaptin5. The proteins form a dyad-symmetric Rab5-Rabaptin5(2)-Rab5 ternary complex with a parallel coiled-coil Rabaptin5 homodimer in the middle. Two Rab5 molecules bind independently to the Rabaptin5 dimer using their switch and interswitch regions. The binding does not involve the Rab complementarity-determining regions. We also present the crystal structures of two distinct forms of GDP-Rab5 complexes, both of which are incompatible with Rabaptin5 binding. One has a dislocated and disordered switch I but a virtually intact switch II, whereas the other has its beta-sheet and both switch regions reorganized. Biochemical and functional analyses show that the crystallographically observed Rab5-Rabaptin5 complex also exists in solution, and disruption of this complex by mutation abrogates endosome fusion.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2004 · Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
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    ABSTRACT: Rab proteins are members of the superfamily of Ras-like small GTPases and are involved in several cellular processes relating to membrane trafficking and organelle mobility throughout the cell. Like other small GTPases, Rab proteins are initially synthesized as soluble proteins and for membrane attachment they require the addition of lipid moiety(ies) to specific residues of their polypeptide chain. Despite their well-documented roles in regulating cellular trafficking, Rab proteins own trafficking is still poorly understood. We still need to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of their recruitment to cellular membranes and the structural determinants for their specific cellular localization. Recent results indicate that Rab cellular targeting might be Rab-dependent, and this paper briefly reviews our current knowledge of this process.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2005 · Biochemical Society Transactions
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