Relationships between Certain Individual Characteristics and Occupational Injuries for Various Jobs in the Construction Industry: A Case-Control Study
National Institute for Health and Medical Research (Inserm), Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy Cedex, France. American Journal of Industrial Medicine
(Impact Factor: 1.74).
02/2004; 45(1):84-92. DOI: 10.1002/ajim.10319
There is little published about the role of individual characteristics in occupational injuries. Construction workers have a high rate of injury; we assessed 11 personal characteristics in this professional sector.
A case-control study was conducted on 880 male workers who had had at least one occupational injury during a 2-year period and 880 controls. A questionnaire was administered by an occupational physician. Statistical analysis was made via logistic regression method.
Young age (<30 years), sleep disorders and current smoker influenced all the injuries combined. Sleep disorders and young age were common risk factors for several jobs. Physical disabilities and no sporting activity had a role in masons, and 5 years or less in present job in plumbers and electricians only. Sleep disorders influenced both the injuries with and without hospitalization; young age, current smoker, and physical disability influenced those without hospitalization only.
Young age, sleep disorders, smoking, disabilities, sporting activity, and experience influenced the occupational injuries. The risk for each worker depended on his job. Occupational physicians could inform the workers of these risks and encourage them to take remedial action.
Available from: PubMed Central
- "Majority of the injured patients in this study were between 18 - 30 years age-group (54%), similar to what has been reported in other studies [11, 12]. This is young and most active age-group which contributes to the risk taking behavior, and most of the miners working in Mererani belong to this age-group. "
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ABSTRACT: Work related injuries are common, and the mining industry accounts for a significant proportion of these injuries. Tanzania is among the countries with high rates of mining injuries, nevertheless pre-hospital care is almost non existant and health care service deliveries are poor. This study sought to identify factors associated with injuries and fatalities among miners in Mererani, Tanzania.
A Cross - Sectional study of miners who sustained injuries and seen at Mererani health centre between January 2009 and May 2012.
In the selected period 248 injury patients were seen. All were males, and 54% were between 18 - 30 years age-group. Almost all (98.7%) didn't use protective gears at work, and worked for more than 12 hours daily. Falling rocks were the leading cause of injury (18.2%), and majority sustained multiple injuries (33%). Of the patients seen, 41.3% died. The following were more likely to die than others; Primary education (p = 0.04), Less than 5 years work experience (p = 0.000), unintentional injuries (p = 0.000), fall injuries (p = 0.000) and sustaining multiple injuries (p = 0.000).
The burden of injuries and fatalities demonstrated in this study, point to the need for implementation and monitoring of the use of safety equipment and operating procedures of the mines by government and other regulatory authorities. Initiation of pre hospital care at the mines and improved emergency medical service delivery at health centers in Tanzania.
Available from: Sonia A Duffy
- "Lower levels of physical activity may be associated with lower levels of job control (Smith, Frank, Mustard, & Bondy, 2008). In terms of sleep, one study showed a positive correlation between sleep disorders and injuries among construction workers (Chau et al., 2004). Only one study evaluated occupational sun exposure among construction workers, finding an increased relative risk of myeloid leukemia, malignant melanoma (only for tumors of the head, face, neck, and eye), and lip cancer compared to the Swedish male population in 1980 (Hakansson, Floderus, Gustavsson, Feychting, & Hallin, 2001). "
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ABSTRACT: Operating Engineers (heavy equipment operators in construction) may be at particular risk for heart disease and cancer related to their exposure to environmental dust and smoking, the sedentary nature of their job, and long hours of exposure to the sun. The aim of this study was to characterize the health behaviors of Operating Engineers. This cross-sectional survey from a convenience sample of Operating Engineers (N = 498) used validated instruments to measure smoking, drinking, diet, exercise, sleep, and sun exposure. Univariate and bivariate analyses to detect differences by age were conducted. The sample scored significantly worse on all five health behaviors compared to population norms. Those who were older were less likely to smoke and chew tobacco and more likely to eat fruits and vegetables. Many were interested in services to improve their health behaviors. Health behavior interventions are needed and wanted by Operating Engineers.
Available from: Jean-François Ravaud
- "ur study highlights the fact that musculoskeletal disorders were associated with a 1 . 5 - fold higher risk whereas the other diseases had a lower risk . Musculoskele - tal disorders are more common among the workmen and are generally related to the job demands studied . The role of younger age and sex are well known ( Bhattacherjee et al . 2003 ; Chau et al . 2004a , b ; McCaig et al . 1998 ; Sprince et al . 2002 ) . Young age is associated with lack of experi - ence in job and work environment knowledge ( Chau et al . 2007 ) . The higher risk in men than in women would be explained in part by the diVerences in jobs and tasks for the same job category , and possibly by the diVerences in per - cept"
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ABSTRACT: To assess the roles of job demands, living conditions and lifestyle in occupational injury.
The sample included 2,888 workers, aged > or =15 years, randomly selected from the north-eastern France. The subjects completed a mailed questionnaire. Data were analyzed with adjusted odds ratios (ORa) computed with the logistic model.
In total, 9.2% of workers had an injury during the previous 2 years. The high job demands: tasks at height, handling objects, pneumatic tools, other vibrating hand tools, work in adverse climate, physical workload, vibrating platform, machine tools, cold, heat, awkward posture, noise, hammer, and pace had crude odds ratios between 1.81 and 5.25 for injury. A strong exposure-response relationship was found between the cumulated job demands (CJD, defined by their number) and injury: OR 1.88 (95% CI 1.23-2.87) for CJD1, 4.39 (2.98-4.46) for CJD2-3, and 9.93 (6.70-14.7) for CJD > or = 4, versus CJD0. These ORs decreased to 1.68, 3.70, and 7.15 respectively, when adjusted for sex, age, and living conditions/lifestyle confounders; and to 1.54, 2.99, and 5.45 respectively when also adjusted for job category. The following factors had significant ORa: age <30 years (1.54, 1.12-2.12), male (1.64, 1.18-2.30), smoking (1.60, 1.22-2.10), musculoskeletal disorders (1.54, 1.17-2.04), and frequent drug use for fatigue (2.03, 1.17-3.53). The workmen, farmers/craftsmen/tradesmen, and foremen had a 5.7-8.7-fold while the clerks and technicians a 2.7-3.6-fold higher risk compared with upper class. The risk associated with CJD was twofold higher among the workers aged > or =40 or with frequent drug use for fatigue compared with the others. Obesity had ORa 2.05 (1.11-3.78) among the subjects aged > or =40, and excess alcohol use had ORa 2.44 (1.26-4.72) among those free of disease.
This study identified a wide range of job demands and living conditions/lifestyle which predicted injury. Preventive measures should be conducted to reduce job demands and to help workers to be aware of the risk and to improve their living conditions/lifestyle.
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