Relationships between Certain Individual Characteristics and Occupational Injuries for Various Jobs in the Construction Industry: A Case-Control Study

National Institute for Health and Medical Research (Inserm), Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy Cedex, France.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine (Impact Factor: 1.74). 02/2004; 45(1):84-92. DOI: 10.1002/ajim.10319
Source: PubMed


There is little published about the role of individual characteristics in occupational injuries. Construction workers have a high rate of injury; we assessed 11 personal characteristics in this professional sector.
A case-control study was conducted on 880 male workers who had had at least one occupational injury during a 2-year period and 880 controls. A questionnaire was administered by an occupational physician. Statistical analysis was made via logistic regression method.
Young age (<30 years), sleep disorders and current smoker influenced all the injuries combined. Sleep disorders and young age were common risk factors for several jobs. Physical disabilities and no sporting activity had a role in masons, and 5 years or less in present job in plumbers and electricians only. Sleep disorders influenced both the injuries with and without hospitalization; young age, current smoker, and physical disability influenced those without hospitalization only.
Young age, sleep disorders, smoking, disabilities, sporting activity, and experience influenced the occupational injuries. The risk for each worker depended on his job. Occupational physicians could inform the workers of these risks and encourage them to take remedial action.

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    • "Majority of the injured patients in this study were between 18 - 30 years age-group (54%), similar to what has been reported in other studies [11, 12]. This is young and most active age-group which contributes to the risk taking behavior, and most of the miners working in Mererani belong to this age-group. "
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    • "ur study highlights the fact that musculoskeletal disorders were associated with a 1 . 5 - fold higher risk whereas the other diseases had a lower risk . Musculoskele - tal disorders are more common among the workmen and are generally related to the job demands studied . The role of younger age and sex are well known ( Bhattacherjee et al . 2003 ; Chau et al . 2004a , b ; McCaig et al . 1998 ; Sprince et al . 2002 ) . Young age is associated with lack of experi - ence in job and work environment knowledge ( Chau et al . 2007 ) . The higher risk in men than in women would be explained in part by the diVerences in jobs and tasks for the same job category , and possibly by the diVerences in per - cept"
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