Acute Parvovirus B19 Infection Mimicking Congenital Dyserythropoietic Anemia

Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA.
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology (Impact Factor: 0.9). 03/2004; 26(2):133-5. DOI: 10.1097/00043426-200402000-00017
Source: PubMed


Infection with human parvovirus B19 is known to cause transient erythroid aplasia in children with hemolytic anemia but has also been associated with bone marrow necrosis and morphologic changes suggesting myelodysplasia. The authors describe a previously healthy child who presented with severe hypoplastic anemia. Initial bone marrow aspiration revealed erythroid hyperplasia, dyserythropoiesis, and multinucleated erythroid cells with nuclear budding and bridging, consistent with the diagnosis of congenital dyserythropoietic anemia. Serologic testing documented acute parvovirus infection, and on recovery the correct diagnosis of unsuspected congenital spherocytosis was established. This case expands the spectrum of hematologic disease associated with acute parvovirus infection.

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