Knowledge, attitudes and intention of high school students towards the nursing profession in Riyadh City, Saudi Arabia
Department of Public Administration, College of Administrative Sciences, King Saud University, PO Box 2459, Riyadh 11451, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Saudi medical journal
(Impact Factor: 0.59).
To determine the knowledge, attitudes, and intention among the Saudi high school students towards the nursing profession. In addition, the study aims to identify students' perception of causes preventing them to become nurses. It also aims to determine the factors influencing the Saudi high school students' choice of nursing profession.
We used the descriptive analytical research design. Stratified random sampling procedures were employed to represent the Saudi high school students, 3 male and 3 female schools scattered in all areas of Riyadh city were selected. A total of 600 questionnaires were distributed and 503 questionnaires were returned, of which, 479 questionnaires were valid for analysis (79.8% response rate). The data collection started from November 2002 to January 2003. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the collected data.
High school students scored a reasonable level on the knowledge dimension, but did not achieve high scores on the attitude dimension, however, they achieved very low scores on the intention of being a nurse in the future (5.2% of them indicated nursing as their preferred future job). Inferential data analysis showed that attitude, having or not having a nurse friend and knowledge was found to have significant positive influence on high school students' intention, while long working hours and high work load compared to other jobs were found to have a significant negative influence.
Results indicated that the more knowledge and positive attitude on nursing, the more likely the student would be attracted to the nursing profession. Accordingly, it could be concluded that Saudi health decision-makers need to increase the positive attitude on the nature and encouraging characteristics of modern nursing and its increasing respect as a skillful career for high school students. Reconsideration of salaries and benefits were recommended in order to attract more students to the nursing profession.
Available from: Gerard Fitzgerald
- "According to Al Thagafi , the public does not appreciate the role of nurses in providing health care, believing that nurses are no more than the assistants to physicians. Alamri and colleagues , however, found that people in Saudi Arabia understand the importance of nursing and they believe jobs must be occupied by locals; however, for their young, they prefer high prestige occupations such as medicine [62,63]. This view of nursing in Saudi Arabia is in-line with other countries such as Iran, Japan, Jordan and Kuwait [10,23,24,64]. "
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Quality of work life (QWL) is defined as the extent to which an employee is satisfied with personal and working needs through participating in the workplace while achieving the goals of the organization. QWL has been found to influence the commitment and productivity of employees in health care organizations, as well as in other industries. However, reliable information on the QWL of primary health care (PHC) nurses is limited. The purpose of this study was to assess the QWL among PHC nurses in the Jazan region, Saudi Arabia.
A descriptive research design, namely a cross-sectional survey, was used in this study. Data were collected using Brooks’ survey of quality of nursing work life and demographic questions. A convenience sample was recruited from 134 PHC centres in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. The Jazan region is located in the southern part of Saudi Arabia. A response rate of 91% (n = 532/585) was achieved (effective response rate = 87%, n = 508). Data analysis consisted of descriptive statistics, t-test and one way-analysis of variance. Total scores and subscores for QWL items and item summary statistics were computed and reported using SPSS version 17 for Windows.
Findings suggested that the respondents were dissatisfied with their work life. The major influencing factors were unsuitable working hours, lack of facilities for nurses, inability to balance work with family needs, inadequacy of vacations time for nurses and their families, poor staffing, management and supervision practices, lack of professional development opportunities, and an inappropriate working environment in terms of the level of security, patient care supplies and equipment, and recreation facilities (break-area). Other essential factors include the community’s view of nursing and an inadequate salary. More positively, the majority of nurses were satisfied with their co-workers, satisfied to be nurses and had a sense of belonging in their workplaces. Significant differences were found according to gender, age, marital status, dependent children, dependent adults, nationality, nursing tenure, organizational tenure, positional tenure, and payment per month. No significant differences were found according to education level of PHC nurses and location of PHC.
These findings can be used by PHC managers and policy makers for developing and appropriately implementing successful plans to improve the QWL. This will help to enhance the home and work environments, improve individual and organization performance and increase the commitment of nurses.
Available from: Jill Maben
- "In a study undertaken in 2002-2003 Saudi high school students showed very little interest in nursing compared with medicine, computer science and teaching. Long and unsocial working hours, contact with the opposite sex and their perception of a lack of respect for the profession in their society deterred them from applying for nurse training (Al-Omar 2004). However, with a quarter of a million young men (and potentially as many young women) entering the job market each year there are insufficient 'clean' jobs to go around (Aspden 2006). "
Available from: hst.org.za
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