Histological diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in biopsy and fine needle aspiration material can pose difficult problems. This is particularly so in the fibrolamellar variant of the tumour (FLHCC) which has biological features distinctly different from those of common HCC (CHCC). Expression of CD99, a membrane localised glycoprotein which is known to be a feature of diagnostic importance in several malignant neoplasms was looked for in immunohistochemical preparation of tissue material from 18 cases of HCC, 6 FLHCC and 12 CHCC accessioned in our department. Positive staining of variable degrees and intesity was observed in all 18 cases. Non-neoplastic hepatocytes, normal or others and all the 18 other cases of non-HCC cancers outside the liver or metastatic within the liver were negative. In some cases, mostly of FLHCC, a definitive diagnosis could be suggested on the basis of CD99 positivity. It is concluded that in cases of HCC, particularly in small specimens and in FLHCC, immunostaining for CD99 will be of significant help in diagnosis.
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[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To enhance glioblastoma (GB) marker discovery we compared gene expression in glioblastoma with human normal brain (NB).
Serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) was used to determine the genes differentially expressed between glioblastoma and human NB by accessing SAGEmap NCBI web site.
Of 117 genes with more than 5-fold difference (P less, not similar 0.05) found by comparison of five GB vs. two NB SAGE libraries, 24 had an increased expression in GB. High expression of 10 genes in GB as well as in GB cell lines suggested that expression in the bulk tumors originated from transformed cells.
Since the highest expression levels of these 24 genes were mostly found in GB, they can be viewed as molecular markers in the analysis of malignant progression of astrocytic tumors.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2004 · Experimental oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not always easy on simple hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stain. The diagnostic problems arise when tumor shows pseudoglandular, pleomorphic or clear cell differentiation. Various tumors markers have been described with varying sensitivity and specificity. Monoclonal antibody Hep Par 1 (OCH1E5) which is specific for hepatocytes offers great help in separation of these tumors. The aim of the present study was to determine utility of Hep Par 1 (OCH1E5) in differentiating HCC from metastatic tumors and cholangiocarcinoma. Total of 62 cases of liver tumors obtained from biopsies, resected or autopsy specimens were included in the study. Slides having representative sections were subjected to immunohistochemistry with monoclonal antibody Hep Par 1 (Dako Corp) using avidin biotin technique with primary antibody dilution of 1:40. Adjacent nontumorous hepatocytes were taken as positive control. Slides were examined by experienced pathologist without any information of clinical or H&E diagnosis. Cases were considered positive for Hep Par 1 if tumor cells showed cytoplasmic brown colored granules. The intensity and distribution (diffuse/ focal) of immunoreactivity was noted. Subsequently immunohistochemistry results were correlated with histology and clinical diagnosis. Hep Par 1 antibody was positive in 26 (42 %) and negative in 36 (58 %) liver tumors. On correlating with H&E sections, out of 26 positive cases, 25 (89.2%) were HCC and one was the case of metastasis of mucin secreting adenocarcinoma. From 36 tumors with negative staining 3 were cases of HCC, 27 metastatic adenocarcinomas and 6 cholangiocarcinomas. Only one case of liver metastasis of mucin secreting adenocarcinoma showed positivity. None of the cases of cholangiocarcinoma showed positivity for Hep Par 1. The three HCCs which did not take up staining for Hep Par 1 were 2 cases of moderately differentiated HCC having pseudoglandular pattern and a case of well differentiated HCC with trabecular arrangement. In 11(44%) cases staining was diffuse while in 14 (56%) it was focal but intense. Hep Par 1 is a useful marker in differentiating HCC from metastaic tumors and cholangiocarcinoma with sensitivity and specificity of 89 % and 97 % respectively and positive predictive value of 96 %. However one should be aware of limitations of immunohistochemistry.
No preview · Article · Aug 2006 · Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: CD99, a cell adhesion molecule, is involved in the cell adhesion, apoptosis and tumor cell migration, infiltration, and invasion, and plays an important role in the development and progression of tumor. CD99 is abnormally expression in some tumors, which has potential value in the differential diagnosis, predication of metastasis capability, treatment and predication of tumors.
No preview · Article · Jun 2009 · Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University