A Pilot Study of Brief Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Depression Among Women

University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Psychiatric Services (Impact Factor: 2.41). 05/2004; 55(4):448-50. DOI: 10.1176/
Source: PubMed


A matched-case-control study compared eight-week outcomes between a group of 16 depressed women who received brief (eight-session) interpersonal psychotherapy and a group of 16 who received a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (sertraline). Women who met DSM-IV criteria for major depression and who had a score above 15 on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression were treated openly with brief interpersonal psychotherapy and were matched on key variables with women being treated with sertraline. Linear mixed-effects regression models were used to compare groups on measures of symptoms and functioning during eight weeks of treatment. Both groups improved significantly over time, with large effect sizes. However, contrary to expectations, the women who received psychotherapy improved more quickly than those who received sertraline.

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    • "The naturalistic treatment was based on the brief interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT-B), which has been proved to be effective in the treatment of chronic depression (Schramm et al., 2008; Swartz et al., 2004). The IPT-B comprised 8 sessions delivered bimonthly and individually by the clinicians (clinical psychologists) over 16 months. "

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    • "In this paper, evidence regarding the effectiveness of MBCT in decreasing depression in dually diagnosed individuals is presented. Various studies have suggested that short term therapy has a positive influence on reducing depression disorders in substance-dependent individuals (Levkovitz et al., 2000; Shwartz et al., 2004). However, few studies have focused on the influence of MBCT on dually diagnosed individuals who are simultaneously undergoing detoxification and treatment for their substance-dependence. "
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aimed at examining the effect of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) in decreasing depression symptoms in dully diagnosed males (drug dependent males with co-morbid depression).An experimental research design with pre-and post-tests and a control group was used. The sample of the study comprised 33 drug-dependent men who also endorsed depression symptoms on the Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II). All the selected individuals were assigned randomly to either the intervention group or control group (16 to the intervention and 17 to the control group). The intervention group experienced eight 2-hour sessions of training in MBCT. At the end of the training, the subjects were once again evaluated using the BDI-II. Analysis of co-variance was used to analyze the data. The results suggested that MBCT did contribute to a significant decrease in the depression symptoms of the dully diagnosed individuals. It is recommended that the MBCT be used for treating depression in drug-dependent males undergoing detoxification and treatment for their drug dependence.
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    • "Researchers began to test IPT for patients with diagnoses other than mood disorders: for example, bulimia (e.g., Fairburn et al., 1995) and substance abuse (Carroll, Rounsaville, & Gawin, 1991; Rounsaville, Glazer, Wilber, Weissman, & Kleber, 1983). Other research explored IPT formats: briefer (Swartz et al., 2004) and maintenance treatment (Frank, Kupfer, Wagner, McEachran, & Cornes, 1991), couples IPT (Foley, Rounsaville, Weissman, Sholomskas, & Chevron, 1989), group IPT (Wilfley et al., 2000) and IPT by telephone (Neugebauer et al., 2006; Ransom et al., 2008). IPT began to spread geographically, from the northeast USA to other parts of the country and to Europe and South America. "
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    ABSTRACT: The authors briefly describe the origins, theory, and development of interpersonal psychotherapy: its roots in clinical outcome research, its spread from major depression to other psychiatric disorders and its increasing dissemination as an empirically validated clinical intervention included in treatment guidelines. They attempt to forecast research, organizational and training issues the growing interpersonal psychotherapy community may face in the future. Copyright (C) 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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