Calcium negatively modulates calmodulin interaction with IQGAP1
IQGAP1 regulates cytoskeletal dynamics through interactions with the Rho family GTPases Rac1 and Cdc42, F-actin, and beta-catenin. Calmodulin interaction with IQ motifs of IQGAP1 negatively influences these IQGAP1 interactions. Although, calmodulin interacts with IQGAP1 in the absence of Ca(2+) and was suggested to exhibit reduced binding when Ca(2+) bound, recent reports show substantially greater binding when Ca(2+) is present. Binding evaluations have primarily relied on IQGAP1 interaction with calmodulin conjugated to Sepharose 4B. In this study we evaluated the Ca(2+)-dependence of calmodulin interaction with native IQGAP1 using a series of independent biochemical approaches. We found the apparent binding of calmodulin to IQGAP1 was Ca(2+)-independent, being between 5- and 20-fold greater in the absence than in the presence of Ca(2+). In addition, calmodulin interaction with IQGAP1 was negatively regulated by buffer [Ca(2+)] (IC(50)=3.4x10(-7)M). Regulation was specific to Ca(2+), as Ba(2+) was approximately 400-fold less effective than Ca(2+) at modulating the interaction. Moreover, testing of calmodulin mutants demonstrated that apocalmodulin tightly binds IQGAP1 and that the N- and C-terminal pair of EF hands are important for Ca(2+) sensitivity. These data indicate that calmodulin may disassemble from IQGAP1 to facilitate IQGAP1 interaction with effectors of cytoskeletal reorganization during conditions of cell activation that promote increased cytosolic [Ca(2+)].
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.