Gene expression profile of human chondrocyte HCS-2/8 cell line by EST sequencing analysis
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Dentistry, Okayama University, Okayama, Okayama, Japan Gene
(Impact Factor: 2.14).
05/2004; 330(1):85-92. DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2004.01.007
Large-scale single-pass sequencing of randomly selected cDNA clones from cell type specific libraries has proven to be a powerful approach for the discovery of novel gene functions, identification of novel gene family members, and definition of gene expression profiles. HCS-2/8 chondrocyte has been used as a cell culture model to study chondrocyte differentiation. Here we performed 3350 single-pass sequencing reactions obtained from the 5' ends of cDNAs from HCS-2/8 cells. To define the expression profiles of HCS-2/8 chondrocytes, we analyzed the identity of these representative cDNA sequences using database searches (BLAST). The sequences represent 1927 unique genes with known function (i.e., unigene clusters), 38 transcripts that are similar to genes with known function, 739 expressed genes with unknown function (i.e., expressed sequence tags), and 18 cDNAs which have not previously been sequenced. Interestingly, many transcripts were expressed from chromosome 12 compared with total genes, while the fewer numbers of cDNAs were derived from genes on chromosomes 14, 18 and Y. The chondrocytic phenotype of HCS-2/8 cells is reflected by abundant expression of genes related to cell structure and motility and the 20 most frequently expressed unigenes reflect a chondrocyte-related gene expression signature. Thus, our data establish a representative set of more than 2000 genes expressed in a chondrocytic cell line. This finding provides a framework for understanding cell growth and differentiation of chondrocytes and their metabolic function in the formation and remodeling of cartilage.
Available from: Kenneth M C Cheung
- "Numerous genes involved in skeletal development have been discovered through in vitro and in vivo studies [6,7]. Expressed sequence tag (EST) libraries, prepared from both normal and diseased human cartilage have been created [8-10] as have cDNA libraries . Another similar set of libraries from Serial Analysis of Gene Expression (SAGE) also provides cartilage specific expression libraries. "
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ABSTRACT: Diseases of cartilage, such as arthritis and degenerative disc disease, affect the majority of the general population, particularly with ageing. Discovery and understanding of the genes and pathways involved in cartilage biology will greatly assist research on the development, degeneration and disorders of cartilage.
We have established the Integrated Cartilage Gene Database (iCartiGD) of genes that are known, based on results from high throughput experiments, to be expressed in cartilage. Information about these genes is extracted automatically from public databases and presented as a single page report via a web-browser. A variety of flexible search options are provided and the chromosomal distribution of cartilage associated genes can be presented.
iCartiGD provides a comprehensive source of information on genes known to be expressed in cartilage. It will remain current due to its automatic update capability and provide researchers with an easily accessible resource for studies involving cartilage. Genetic studies of the development and disorders of cartilage will benefit from this database.
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ABSTRACT: Gene expression profiling of three chondrosarcoma derived cell lines (AD, SM, 105KC) showed an increased proliferative activity and a reduced expression of chondrocytic-typical matrix products compared to primary chondrocytes. The incapability to maintain an adequate matrix synthesis as well as a notable proliferative activity at the same time is comparable to neoplastic chondrosarcoma cells in vivo which cease largely cartilage matrix formation as soon as their proliferative activity increases. Thus, the investigated cell lines are of limited value as substitute of primary chondrocytes but might have a much higher potential to investigate the behavior of neoplastic chondrocytes, i.e. chondrosarcoma biology.
Available from: Silke Schlaubitz
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ABSTRACT: The differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into hypertrophic chondrocytes is an integral and multistep process important in pattern formation, endochondral ossification, and postnatal growth of the skeleton. In recent years, novel genes involved in these processes have been identified, but still only little is known about the large-scale gene expression profile during skeletal development. We initiated an expressed sequence tag (EST) project aiming at the identification of genes and pathways involved in this complex process. Candidate genes are expected to be of value for diagnosis and treatment of monogenic and multigenic heritable disorders of the skeleton. Here, we describe the sequences of 4,748 clones from a human growth plate cartilage cDNA library generated from 20 weeks prenatal-2 years postnatal specimens. In silico analysis of these sequences revealed 1,688 individual transcription units, corresponding to known (1,274) and to novel, yet uncharacterised potential genes (414). The tissue specificity of the library was reflected by its corresponding EST profile representing a total of approximately 10% proteins already shown to be involved in cartilage/bone development or homeostasis. The EST profile also reflects the developmental stage of the tissue with significant differences in the expression of matrix proteins compared to corresponding EST profiles from 8-12 and 12-20 week human fetal cartilage. Calculation of the relative frequency of transcripts in our cDNA library, as compared to their abundance in other EST datasets, revealed a set of approximately 200 genes, including 81 novel, yet uncharacterised genes, showing increased expression. These genes represent candidates for the large number of osteochondrodysplasias for which the causative gene defects have not yet been identified.
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