The diagnostic and prognostic value of ECG-gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging

Department of Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60612-3864, USA.
Journal of Nuclear Medicine (Impact Factor: 6.16). 06/2004; 45(5):912-21.
Source: PubMed


Since the development of gated SPECT imaging approximately 10 y ago, this technique is now almost universally used as an adjunct for radionuclide perfusion imaging, enabling the assessment of perfusion along with determination of regional and global left ventricular function in the same examination. The gated SPECT determination of the left ventricular ejection fraction and volumes has been extensively validated. Additionally, this method allows for the improved identification of soft-tissue artifacts and enhances the detection of multivessel coronary artery disease. Furthermore, gated SPECT provides powerful information for the risk assessment of patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease and aids in the assessment of myocardial viability. Gated SPECT imaging has clearly become an integral part of radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging.

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    • "G ated myocardial perfusion imaging SPECT (G-MPI) after administration of Tc99m radiopharmaceuticals is an established procedure to diagnose CAD, assess the ischemia burden, stratify risk and evaluate response to treatment [1] [2]. The SPECT projection data is gated by a trigger on the R wave of an ECG and each R–R interval is binned into time intervals. "
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: A high transient ischemic dilatation ratio (TID) for the left ventricle (LV) from a gated myocardial perfusion imaging (G-MPI) study is widely believed to be associated with significant coronary artery disease (CAD). We have investigated the relationship between TID and CAD for our male Saudi Arabian patient population. Methods: In this retrospective study, all male Saudi Arabian patients who underwent a two-day G-MPI study using Tc99m MIBI during the year 2011 having a TID ⩾ 1.20 were included. Quantitative perfusion and gated parameters were obtained using Cedar Sinai's AutoQuant software version 3.0, 2003, Means of summed stress scores, summed rest scores and summed difference scores (SSS, SRS, SDS, respectively), stress and rest ejection fraction (EF) were calculated. Visual interpretation was performed to classify the perfusion as normal, fixed, mixed (fixed and reversible defects), single reversible or multiple reversible defects. Coronary angiograms were assessed as normal with no CAD, single vessel, two-vessel or three-vessel disease. Correlations between the TID and other parameters were studied using analysis of variance (ANOVA) with IBM-SPSS version 20. Results: A total of 52 male patients had a high TID of ⩾1.20 (mean 1.30 ± 0.13). Ten patients had a SSS of 0-3 and 16 were classified as normal by visual assessment. Stress EF (mean 50.4 ± 12%) was lower than the rest EF (mean 56.6 ± 12.8%) with the difference being statistically significant (Students paired t-test, p = 0.001). Angiography results were available in 44 patients, 3 having a normal angiogram, 24 having three vessel disease, 7 having two vessel disease and 10 having one vessel disease. Five patients with normal perfusion and SSS = 0-3 had CAD as seen on a coronary angiography. CAD on coronary angiography showed a significant correlation with perfusion abnormalities as assessed by visual interpretation (p = 0.002). TID showed a significantly correlation with both perfusion abnormalities (p = 0.009), as assessed by visual interpretation, and with Summed difference scores, SDS (p = 0.000). Conclusion: A high TID on G-MPI was a very sensitive indicator of significant CAD. In patients with normal perfusion and high TID further workup is warranted.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2013 · Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
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    • "Nuclear gated blood-pool imaging is considered the gold standard for the assessment of LV function because it provides a 3 D data set. Scintigraphy is reproducible and reliable for the assessment of parameters of global cardiac function (LVEF, LVESV and LVEDV) and widely available, but is associated with limitations that also preclude routine application [6,7] and is relatively costly for the data obtained. It is now used more as a reference method to validate new echocardiographic methods [8]. "
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    ABSTRACT: In clinical practice and in clinical trials, echocardiography and scintigraphy are used the most for the evaluation of global left ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular (LV) volumes. Actually, poor quality imaging and geometrical assumptions are the main limitations of LVEF measured by echocardiography. Contrast agents and 3D echocardiography are new methods that may alleviate these potential limitations. Therefore we sought to examine the accuracy of contrast 3D echocardiography for the evaluation of LV volumes and LVEF relative to MIBI gated SPECT as an independent reference. In 43 patients addressed for chest pain, contrast 3D echocardiography (RT3DE) and MIBI gated SPECT were prospectively performed on the same day. The accuracy and the variability of LV volumes and LVEF measurements were evaluated. Due to good endocardial delineation, LV volumes and LVEF measurements by contrast RT3DE were feasible in 99% of the patients. The mean LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) of the group by scintigraphy was 143 +/- 65 mL and was underestimated by triplane contrast RT3DE (128 +/- 60 mL; p < 0.001) and less by full-volume contrast RT3DE (132 +/- 62 mL; p < 0.001). Limits of agreement with scintigraphy were similar for triplane andfull-volume, modalities with the best results for full-volume. Results were similar for calculation of LV end-systolic volume (LVESV). The mean LVEF was 44 +/- 16% with scintigraphy and was not significantly different with both triplane contrast RT3DE (45 +/- 15%) and full-volume contrast RT3DE (45 +/- 15%). There was an excellent correlation between two different observers for LVEDV, LVESV and LVEF measurements and inter observer agreement was also good for both contrast RT3DE techniques. Contrast RT3DE allows an accurate assessment of LVEF compared to the LVEF measured by SPECT, and shows low variability between observers. Although RT3DE triplane provides accurate evaluation of left ventricular function, RT3DE full-volume is superior to triplane modality in patients with suspected coronary artery disease.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2009 · Cardiovascular Ultrasound
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    • "For each study, 32 projections of an accepted acquisition time of 50 seconds per projection were acquired with a 64 × 64 matrix size and 1.33 zoom factor (pixel size = 0.66 cm) in an elliptical orbit of 180 degrees (45-degrees, right anterior oblique to left posterior oblique-RAO-to-LPO) in the step and shoot mode. Cardiac gating was performed using the detection of R wave for the monitoring of different phases of the cardiac cycle (1, 2). Gating was performed as 8 frames per cycle. "
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    ABSTRACT: Gated myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (GSPECT) has been established as an accurate and reproducible diagnostic and prognostic technique for the assessment of myocardial perfusion and function. Respiratory motion is among the major factors that may affect the quality of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and consequently the accuracy of the examination. In this study, we have proposed a new approach for the tracking of respiratory motion and the correction of unwanted respiratory motion by the use of respiratory-cardiac gated-SPECT (RC-GSPECT). In addition, we have evaluated the use of RC-GSPECT for quantitative and visual assessment of myocardial perfusion and function.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2008 · Korean Journal of Radiology
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