Article

# [An experiment study on repair of peripheral nerve defects by GDNF gene modified Schwann cells].

Department of Plastic Surgery, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Second Medical University, Shanghai 200011, China.
10/2003; 19(5):369-72.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

To investigate an effective treatment of peripheral nerve injuries by means of gene transference.
48 adult Wister rats were divided evenly into 3 groups. A 10 mm sciatic nerve gap was created and bridged with a silicone chamber. The silicone chamber was filled with glial cell-line derived neurotrophic factor(GDNF) gene modified Schwann cells(SCs) (group 1), the normal SCs(group 2) and nothing(the control). At 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks after the operation, the general and histological observations, the electromyographic and immunohistochemical examinations were performed to the regenerated nerves.
The GDNF-SCs group was significantly better than the SCs and the control groups in nerve conduction velocity, the number and density of reinnervation, the area of regenerated nerve and the thickness of myelin sheath of the regenerated nerves.
GDNF gene modified SCs secrete higher levels of neurotrophic factors for a prolonged time, which are more effective in peripheral nerve repair than the normal SCs.

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ABSTRACT: 1. The possibility of a neuro-protective effect of Xymedon as a pharmacological stimulator of nerve regeneration has been studied through Schwann cells (SCs) located in the potential area of regenerating nerve fibers’ growth. 2. Xymedon was injected into the silicone chamber connecting the central and peripheral stumps of the rat’s sciatic nerve. Carboxymethyl cellulose was used as a depositioned medium. 3. A 0.95% concentration of Xymedon increased the sciatic nerve functional index (SFI) values on the 14th, 21st and 28th day after the operation. By day 30, the total number of survival neurons in the L5 dorsal root ganglion (DRG) on the ipsilateral side increased with the following changes in Xymedon concentration: $$\displaylines{ ({\rm depositioned} \,{\rm medium} + 9.5\% \,{\rm Xymedon}) \to({\rm depositioned}\,{\rm medium} + 4.75\% \,{\rm Xymedon})\cr \to ({\rm without}\,{\rm depositioned}\,{\rm medium}\,{\rm and}\,{\rm Xymedon})\cr \to ({\rm depositioned}\,{\rm medium} + 0.95\% \,{\rm Xymedon}).}$$ The number of surviving sensory neurons in the group with 0.95% Xymedon increased by 36% (p < 0.05) compared with animals with depositioned medium but Xymedon free. 4. It is suggested that the positive effects of Xymedon on neural regeneration and recovery of motor function support the potential use of Xymedon for the treatment of peripheral nerve injuries.
No preview · Article · Nov 2006 · Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
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##### Article: Peripheral nerve repair: 30 Centuries of scientific research
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ABSTRACT: Nerve injury compromises sensory and motor functions. Techniques of peripheral nerve repair are based on our knowledge regarding regeneration. Microsurgical techniques introduced in the late 1950s and widely developed for the past 20 years have improved repairs. However, functional recovery following a peripheral mixed nerve injury is still incomplete. Good motor and sensory function after nerve injury depends on the reinnervation of the motor end plates and sensory receptors. Nerve regeneration does not begin if the cell body has not survived the initial injury or if it is unable to initiate regeneration. The regenerated axons must reach and reinnervate the appropriate target end-organs in a timely fashion. Recovery of motor function requires a critical number of motor axons reinnervating the muscle fibers. Sensory recovery is possible if the delay in reinnervation is short. Many additional factors influence the success of nerve repair or reconstruction. The timing of the repair, the level of injury, the extent of the zone of injury, the technical skill of the surgeon, and the method of repair and reconstruction contribute to the functional outcome after nerve injury. This review presents the recent advances in understanding of neural regeneration and their application to the management of primary repairs and nerve gaps.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2005 · Revue Neurologique