Gender identity development and issues

ArticleinChild and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America 13(3):551-68, vii · August 2004with10 Reads
Impact Factor: 2.60 · DOI: 10.1016/j.chc.2004.02.006 · Source: PubMed


    Research over the past decade has identified some characteristics of children who have GID, particularly boys, that may have a biologic basis. Corresponding studies of girls have been fewer in number, largely because of problems in sample size that limit statistical power. In many respects, it was easier to rule out candidate biologic explanations, such as the influence of gross anomalies in prenatal hormonal exposure, than to identify the relevant biologic mechanisms that are involved in affecting sex-dimorphic behavioral differentiation but not sex-dimorphic genital differentiation. The identification of new potential biologic markers may open up avenues for further empiric inquiry.