Circulating Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein and Its Association With Carotid Intima-Media Thickness in Asymptomatic Members of Familial Combined Hyperlipidemia Families

University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Uusimaa, Finland
Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology (Impact Factor: 6). 09/2004; 24(8):1492-7. DOI: 10.1161/01.ATV.0000135982.60383.48
Source: PubMed


Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL)is implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Circulating oxidation-specific epitopes on plasma Ox-LDL has been linked with coronary artery disease, but its determinants and its association with early development of atherosclerosis in familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) has not been very well studied. This study aimed to investigate the determinants of the circulating Ox-LDL and the association between Ox-LDL and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in asymptomatic members of FCHL families.
Ox-LDL, susceptibility of LDL to oxidation in vitro, plasma 8-isoprostane and antioxidants, lipids and lipoproteins, LDL particle size, and carotid IMT were measured in 150 asymptomatic FCHL family members. Affected FCHL family members had reduced LDL particle size and lag time for LDL oxidation, increased plasma levels of Ox-LDL, increased plasma urate and alpha-tocopherol, and a trend for the increase of 8-isoprostane as compared with nonaffected FCHL. Ox-LDL was independently associated with serum LDL cholesterol, apoB, and 8-isoprostane in multivariate analysis but only univariately correlated with LDL particle size and lag time for LDL oxidation. In addition, Ox-LDL was significantly associated with carotid mean IMT independently of other clinical and biochemical variables in a multivariate model.
Serum LDL cholesterol, apoB levels, and 8-isoprostane were the most important determinants of Ox-LDL. Ox-LDL is independently associated with carotid IMT in asymptomatic FCHL family members and can be used as a marker of early atherosclerosis in FCHL.

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Available from: Marja-Riitta Taskinen, Dec 30, 2013
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    • "In the same scenario, other studies have investigated the relationship of oxLDL [25] [26] [27] and oxLDL Ab to the carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) [25] [28] [29] but results were inconclusive. The measurement of cIMT by ultrasonography is a non-invasive method to study coronary artery disease, widely used in practice as an inexpensive, reliable, and reproducible method [30]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Metabolic predictors and the atherogenicity of oxidized LDL (oxLDL) and the specific antibodies against oxLDL (oxLDL Ab) are unclear and controversial. In 107 adults without atherosclerotic manifestations, we measured oxLDL and oxLDL Ab, and also the activities of CETP, PLTP, lipases and the carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT). Comparisons were performed for the studied parameters between the lowest and the highest tertile of oxLDL and oxLDL Ab, and the relationships between studied variables were evaluated. Subjects with higher oxLDL Ab present reduced hepatic lipase activity and borderline increased cIMT. In the highest oxLDL tertile, besides the higher levels of total cholesterol, LDL-C and apoB100, we found reduced CETP activity and higher cIMT. A significant correlation between oxLDL Ab and cIMT, independent of oxLDL, and a borderline correlation between oxLDL and cIMT independent of oxLDL Ab were found. In the multivariate analysis, apoAI was a significant predictor of oxLDL Ab, in contrast to regulation of oxLDL by apoB100, PLTP and inverse of CETP. In adults without atherosclerotic disease, the metabolic regulation and carotid atherosclerosis of oxLDL Ab and oxLDL groups, characterized a dual trait in oxLDL Ab, as a contributor to carotid atherosclerosis, much less so than oxidized LDL, and with a modest atheroprotective role.
    Full-text · Article · May 2012 · Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry
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    • "This might be relevant to settings in which platelet activation and enhanced free radical formation coincide, such as diabetes mellitus [12]. 8-iso-PGF 2α is formed during the in vitro oxidation of LDL [13] and circulating ox-LDL is closely related to isoprostane levels [14]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Inflammation, oxidative stress, and platelet activation are involved in type 2 diabetes and its complications. Soluble CD36 (sCD36) has been proposed to early identify diabetics at risk of accelerated atherothrombosis. We aimed at characterizing the platelet contribution to sCD36 in diabetes, by correlating its concentration with the extent of platelet-mediated inflammation and in vivo lipid peroxidation and investigating the effects of low-dose aspirin on these processes. A cross-sectional comparison of sCD36, soluble CD40L (sCD40L) reflecting platelet-mediated inflammation, urinary 11-dehydro-TxB(2), and 8-iso-PGF(2α), in vivo markers of platelet activation and lipid peroxidation, was performed among 200 diabetic patients (94 of them on aspirin 100mg/day) and 47 healthy controls. sCD36 levels (median [IQR]: 0.72 [0.31-1.47] vs 0.26 [0.2-0.37], P=0.003) and urinary 11-dehydro-TxB(2) levels (666 [293-1336] vs 279 [160-396], P≤0.0001) were significantly higher in diabetic patients not on aspirin (n=106) than in healthy subjects. These variables were significantly lower in aspirin-treated diabetics than untreated patients (P<0.0001). Among patients not on aspirin, those with long-standing diabetes (>1 year) had significantly higher sCD36 levels in comparison to patients with diabetes duration <1 year (1.01 [0.62-1.86] vs 0.44 [0.22-1.21], P=0.001). sCD36 linearly correlated with sCD40L (rho=0.447; P=0.0001). On multiple regression analysis, 11-dehydro-TxB(2) (β=0.360; SEM=0.0001, P=0.001), 8-iso-PGF(2α) (β=0.469; SEM=0.0001, P<0.0001), and diabetes duration (β=0.244; SEM=0.207, P=0.017) independently predicted sCD36 levels. sCD36, platelet activation, inflammation, and oxidative stress are increased in type 2 diabetes. Future studies are needed to elucidate if the incomplete down-regulation of sCD36 by low-dose aspirin implies that sCD36 may be derived from tissues other than platelets or if additional antiplatelet strategies in diabetes are necessary to interrupt CD36-dependent platelet activation.
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    • "For example, Holvoet et al. reported that adding a parameter such as circulating oxidized LDL to the established risk factors might improve cardiovascular risk prediction [23]. Lie et al. reported that circulating oxidized LDL significantly correlates with LDL particle size in families with familial combined hyperlipidemia [24]. However, a study of diabetic patients found that plasma levels of oxidized LDL correlate only with the duration of diabetes independently of LDL size [25]. "
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    ABSTRACT: We analyzed the causal relationship between LDL susceptibility to oxidation and the development of new carotid artery atherosclerosis over a period of 5 years. We previously described the determinants related to a risk of cardiovascular changes determined in a Japanese population participating in the Niigata Study, which is an ongoing epidemiological investigation of the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. We selected 394 individuals (169 males and 225 females) who underwent a second carotid artery ultrasonographic examination in 2001 - 2002 for the present study. The susceptibility of LDL to oxidation was determined as the photometric absorbance and electrophoretic mobility of samples that had been collected in 1996 - 1997. The measurements were compared with ultrasonographic findings obtained in 2001 - 2002. The multivariate-adjusted model showed that age (odds ratio (OR), 1.034; 95% confidence interval (95%CI), 1.010 - 1.059), HbA1c (OR, 1.477; 95%CI, 0.980 - 2.225), and photometric O/N (OR, 2.012; 95%CI, 1.000 - 4.051) were significant variables that could independently predict the risk of new carotid artery atherosclerosis. The susceptibility of LDL to oxidation was a significant parameter that could predict new carotid artery atherosclerosis over a 5-year period, and higher susceptibility was associated with a higher incidence of new carotid artery atherosclerosis.
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