Bilateral ovarian fibromatosis presenting with ascites and hirsutism

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hacettepe University, Engüri, Ankara, Turkey
Gynecologic Oncology (Impact Factor: 3.77). 08/2004; 94(1):223-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2004.03.042
Source: PubMed


Ovarian fibromatosis is a very rare nonneoplastic disease. Due to the rarity and atypical clinical presentations, they may give rise to a misdiagnosis of malignancy and unnecessary extensive surgical interventions. Literature lacks definitive data about this rare disease and its preoperative evaluations. MRI together with the intraoperative frozen section may help us to define the benign nature of the disease. In this report, we aimed to review the literature and give a highlight to the gynecologic oncologists about this rare disease.
A 19-year-old female patient admitted to our hospital with the complaints of menstrual irregularity, hirsutism, and increased abdominal girth. Physical examination revealed bilateral ovarian mass, hirsutism, and ascites. Serum CA-125 levels were slightly elevated. Preoperative MRI study showed bilateral hypointense lobulated ovarian masses. With the initial diagnosis of ovarian tumor, we performed explorative laparotomy and excised both masses. Final pathology was reported as bilateral ovarian fibromatosis.
Ovarian fibromatosis commonly presents with ascites and solid pelvic mass and can be misdiagnosed as a malignant ovarian tumor. In young patients, clinicians should consider ovarian fibromatosis in differential diagnosis of pelvic mass. Preoperative MRI findings and intraoperative frozen examination may be used to avoid unnecessary aggressive surgical management.

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