Electron spin polarization of the excited quartet state of strongly coupled triplet-doublet spin systems

Department of Chemistry, Brock University, 500 Glenridge Avenue, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada.
The Journal of Chemical Physics (Impact Factor: 2.95). 04/2004; 120(10):4790-9. DOI: 10.1063/1.1645773
Source: PubMed


The electron spin polarization associated with electronic relaxation in molecules with trip-quartet and trip-doublet excited states is calculated. Such molecules typically relax to the lowest trip-quartet state via intersystem crossing from the trip doublet, and it is shown that when spin-orbit coupling provides the main mechanism for this relaxation pathway it leads to spin polarization of the trip quartet. Analytical expressions for this polarization are derived using first- and second-order perturbation theory and are used to calculate powder spectra for typical sets of magnetic parameters. It is shown that both net and multiplet contributions to the polarization occur and that these can be separated in the spectrum as a result of the different orientation dependences of the +/-1/2<-->+/-3/2 and +1/2<-->-1/2 transitions. The net polarization is found to be localized primarily in the center of the spectrum, while the multiplet contribution dominates in the outer wings. Despite the fact that the multiplet polarization is much stronger than the net polarization for individual orientations of the spin system, the difference in orientation dependence of the transitions leads to comparable amplitudes for the two contributions in the powder spectrum. The influence of this difference on the line shape is investigated in simulations of partially ordered samples. Because the initial nonpolarized state of the spin system is not conserved for the proposed mechanism, the net polarization can survive in the doublet ground state following electronic relaxation of the triplet part of the system.

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