A new atypical antipsychotic: Quetiapine-induced sexual dysfunctions

ArticleinInternational Journal of Impotence Research 17(2):201-3 · March 2005with9 Reads
DOI: 10.1038/sj.ijir.3901260 · Source: PubMed
In this paper, we evaluated the new antipsychotic, quetiapine-induced sexual dysfunctions (SDs). The study group consisted of 36 patients with schizophrenia receiving quetiapine. The changes in general sexual functions were assessed by using Arizona Sexual Experience Scale (ASEX) and Udvalg for Kliniske Undersogelser (UKU) Side Effect Rating Scale at baseline and week 4. Also, prolactin (PRL) values were determined at baseline and week 4. There was statistically significant difference with respect to the mean ASEX score at week 4 compared with baseline. The most frequent SD was diminished libido in both male (31.8%) and female subjects (28.6%). No significant correlation was found between ASEX scores and PRL values. The results suggest that SDs are an important problem using even novel antipsychotic, quetiapine.
    • "Clinicians interested in enhancing patients' adherence to medication need to consider antipsychotic medication-induced sexual dysfunction, particularly in patients taking second-generation antipsychotic medications. These medications may restore sexual desire in patients but can also impair ejaculation and orgasm.12131415161718 Secondgeneration antipsychotic medications are believed to cause sexual dysfunction via a number of different mechanisms, including hyperprolactinemia, sedation, and antagonism of dopaminergic, histaminic, α-adrenergic, and muscarinic receptors.19202122 "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sexual dysfunction is one of several factors related to medication compliance in patients taking antipsychotic medication but the magnitude of this problem is unknown. Compare the self-reported sexual functioning of clinically stable patients with schizophrenia taking antipsychotic medication to that of healthy controls using the Turkish version of the 5-item Arizona Sexual Experience Scale (ASEX). This scale, which has previously been validated in Turkey, assesses 5 components of sexual function: sex drive, sexual arousal, vaginal lubrication/penile erection, ability to achieve orgasm, and satisfaction with orgasm. The Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms, the Scale for Assessment of Negative Symptoms, and ASEX were administered to 101 clinically stable outpatients with schizophrenia (38 females and 63 males). The ASEX was also administered to 89 control subjects (41 females and 48 males) without a history of mental illness. Respondents were classified as having sexual dysfunction if ASEX total score (range 5-30) >18, if any ASEX item score (range 1-6) ≥ 5, or if 3 or more ASEX items ≥4. Male patients with schizophrenia have significantly more self-reported sexual dysfunction than healthy controls (46% vs. 8%). The prevalence of sexual dysfunction is higher in female patients than in male patients (68% vs. 46%), but it was also very high in healthy female controls (68%), so the sexual dysfunction of female patients cannot be attributed to their illness or to the medications they are taking. Within the patient group, there was no significant relationship between the severity of positive or negative symptoms and the severity of sexual dysfunction, and the severity of sexual function was not different between patients taking first-generation or second-generation antipsychotic medications. The very different findings by gender in Turkey highlights the importance of assessing location-specific and gender-specific sexual norms when trying to assess the role of mental illness and medications on sexual functioning. Prospective studies are needed to distinguish the relative importance of cultural norms, the schizophrenic illness, and the use of antipsychotic medication in the etiology and course of sexual dysfunction among individuals with schizophrenia.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014
    • "Research has shown that quetiapine, like clozapine, induces virtually no elevation of PRL in the blood [11, 15, 27, 46, 56, 104, 200, 245,284285286. Moreover, many studies show that PRL levels, after switching, decrease [113,287288289290291, even to normal values [81, 100,292293294, during treatment with quetiapine. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Since the 1970s, clinicians have increasingly become more familiar with hyperprolactinemia (HPRL) as a common adverse effect of antipsychotic medication, which remains the cornerstone of pharmacological treatment for patients with schizophrenia. Although treatment with second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) as a group is, compared with use of the first-generation antipsychotics, associated with lower prolactin (PRL) plasma levels, the detailed effects on plasma PRL levels for each of these compounds in reports often remain incomplete or inaccurate. Moreover, at this moment, no review has been published about the effect of the newly approved antipsychotics asenapine, iloperidone and lurasidone on PRL levels. The objective of this review is to describe PRL physiology; PRL measurement; diagnosis, causes, consequences and mechanisms of HPRL; incidence figures of (new-onset) HPRL with SGAs and newly approved antipsychotics in adolescent and adult patients; and revisit lingering questions regarding this hormone. A literature search, using the MEDLINE database (1966-December 2013), was conducted to identify relevant publications to report on the state of the art of HPRL and to summarize the available evidence with respect to the propensity of the SGAs and the newly approved antipsychotics to elevate PRL levels. Our review shows that although HPRL usually is defined as a sustained level of PRL above the laboratory upper limit of normal, limit values show some degree of variability in clinical reports, making the interpretation and comparison of data across studies difficult. Moreover, many reports do not provide much or any data detailing the measurement of PRL. Although the highest rates of HPRL are consistently reported in association with amisulpride, risperidone and paliperidone, while aripiprazole and quetiapine have the most favorable profile with respect to this outcome, all SGAs can induce PRL elevations, especially at the beginning of treatment, and have the potential to cause new-onset HPRL. Considering the PRL-elevating propensity of the newly approved antipsychotics, evidence seems to indicate these agents have a PRL profile comparable to that of clozapine (asenapine and iloperidone), ziprasidone and olanzapine (lurasidone). PRL elevations with antipsychotic medication generally are dose dependant. However, antipsychotics having a high potential for PRL elevation (amisulpride, risperidone and paliperidone) can have a profound impact on PRL levels even at relatively low doses, while PRL levels with antipsychotics having a minimal effect on PRL, in most cases, can remain unchanged (quetiapine) or reduce (aripiprazole) over all dosages. Although tolerance and decreases in PRL values after long-term administration of PRL-elevating antipsychotics can occur, the elevations, in most cases, remain above the upper limit of normal. PRL profiles of antipsychotics in children and adolescents seem to be the same as in adults. The hyperprolactinemic effects of antipsychotic medication are mostly correlated with their affinity for dopamine D2 receptors at the level of the anterior pituitary lactotrophs (and probably other neurotransmitter mechanisms) and their blood-brain barrier penetrating capability. Even though antipsychotics are the most common cause of pharmacologically induced HPRL, recent research has shown that HPRL can be pre-existing in a substantial portion of antipsychotic-naïve patients with first-episode psychosis or at-risk mental state.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2014
    • "Prevalence of sexual dysfunctions associated with atypical antipsychotic treatment is high, varying from 18% to 96% [4,5,15,22,23,25,464748495051. It has been reported that conventional antipsychotic medication causes most of the problems with libido, arousal, and orgasm in people with mental disorders, although it is also associated with restoration of their sexual desire3456715,25,45464749,50,52]. However, patients with bipolar disorder and patients with schizophrenia in our study were unaware of the effects of their medication on their sexual life. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sexual functioning has received little attention as an important aspect of patient care for those who have severe mental disorders. The aim of this study is to compare sexual difficulties seen in Turkish psychiatric patients and healthy control subjects. Study group consisted of outpatients in remission with schizophrenia (n = 84), bipolar affective disorders (n = 90), heroin addiction (n = 88), and healthy control group (n = 98). A sociodemographical data form and the Golombok Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction were applied to all groups (N = 360). Half of the patient groups and 72.8% of control subjects reported that they had regular sexual life. The patients with heroin addiction complained about more problems in their sexual life than in the other groups. Controls (86.2%) felt more satisfied with their sexual life. Female patients with heroin addiction had statistically significant higher scores in nonsensuality subscale of Golombok Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction. Female patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder had statistically significant higher scores in vaginismus subscale than in control group. Between the groups, male patients with bipolar disorder had higher score in most of the items except noncommunication and erectile dysfunction and also had higher total score than in the controls. More men (especially with heroin addiction) thought that their illness and drugs were responsible for their sexual problems, knew the effect of the illness and drugs on their sexual life, and asked questions to their psychiatrists about the problems more than women. Patients with bipolar disorders and schizophrenia were unaware of effects of their medication on their sexual life. Finally, it was also found that clinicians in our country do not pay sufficient attention to the sexual problems of psychiatric patients.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2009
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