High-dose rate brachytherapy for Stage I/II papillary serous or clear cell endometrial cancer

ArticleinGynecologic Oncology 94(2):383-6 · August 2004with18 Reads
Impact Factor: 3.77 · DOI: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2004.05.009 · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    To determine the efficacy of high-dose rate brachytherapy as adjuvant treatment for Stage I/II papillary serous or clear cell endometrial cancer.
    A retrospective study of all patients with Stage I/II papillary serous or clear cell endometrial cancer treated with high-dose rate brachytherapy between 1995 and 2001 was performed. Following surgical staging, which included hysterectomy with pelvic and aortic lymphadenectomy, all patients without extrauterine disease were treated with high-dose rate brachytherapy and followed for recurrence. The locations of recurrences were noted and were classified as local or distant.
    Three (13%) recurrences occurred among 24 patients with Stage I/II papillary serous or clear cell carcinoma. The risk of recurrence was similar for papillary serous and clear cell cancer (12% vs. 12%). Local control was achieved in 96%. The risk of recurrence for those with no myometrial invasion, less than 1/2, or more than 1/2 myometrial invasion was 0%, 10%, and 50%, respectively (P < 0.04). Two of the three recurrences were distant and all patients with recurrence died despite additional treatment.
    High-dose rate brachytherapy (HDR) as the sole adjuvant treatment of Stage I/II papillary serous or clear cell carcinoma is associated with a 13% risk of recurrence. Although local control with HDR is excellent, the risk of distant recurrence is increased with deep myometrial invasion. High-dose rate brachytherapy is adequate for Stage IA cases, but more aggressive treatment combining chemotherapy with HDR should be evaluated for more advanced Stage I/II cases.