Acute fulminant subacute sclerosing panencephalitis with absent measles and PCR studies in cerebrospinal fluid

Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, China.
Pediatric Neurology (Impact Factor: 1.7). 10/2004; 31(3):222-4. DOI: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2004.03.016
Source: PubMed


This report describes an atypical case of rapidly progressive subacute sclerosing panencephalitis presenting as transient visual agnosia and myoclonus in a 14-year-old male. There were no typical periodic complexes in serial electroencephalographic monitoring; cerebrospinal fluid measles antibody titer was negative. The diagnosis was made by molecular and histologic examination of open brain biopsy tissue.

8 Reads
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) usually begins insidiously and follows a subacute course with relentless but slow progression to death. In recent years, however, patients with acute or fulminant course were reported. In this article, we report on three patients (2 girls, 1 boy) with SSPE who developed an acute and fulminant course. Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis may be seen with more atypical symptoms and more acute and fulminant courses due to various undetermined reasons. Early diagnosis is very important for the effectiveness of treatment. Children presenting with acute or subacute neurologic symptoms should be examined for SSPE, especially if they have no risk factors for hereditary neurodegenerative/ neurometabolic diseases, and it is more important if those children were not vaccinated or were infected with measles.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2006 · The Turkish journal of pediatrics
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A 19-year-old female patient presented in an acute state of akinetic mutism. Serological analysis of serum and cerebrospinal fluid demonstrated the presence of antibodies to measles virus. CT scan carried out during this acute phase of relapse demonstrated white matter enhancement affecting the cortical white matter of the frontal lobes and corpus callosum. These features indicate that active demyelination occurs during acute relapse in subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) and suggest that immunotherapy should be considered during this acute phase.
    No preview · Article · Oct 1989 · Neuroradiology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The most severe sequela of measles virus infection is subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE), a fatal disease of the central nervous system that generally develops 7-10 years after infection. From 1989 through 1991, a resurgence of measles occurred in the United States, with 55,622 cases of measles reported. The purpose of the present study was to identify cases of SSPE that were associated with the resurgence of measles and to calculate the risk of developing SSPE. Brain tissue samples obtained from 11 patients with a presumptive diagnosis of SSPE were tested for the presence of measles virus RNA. Measles virus genotypes were determined by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and by analysis of the sequences of the PCR products. A search of the literature was conducted to identify reports of cases of SSPE in persons residing in the United States who had measles during 1989-1991. The measles virus sequences derived from brain tissue samples obtained from 11 patients with SSPE confirmed the diagnosis of SSPE. For 5 of the 11 patients with SSPE who had samples tested by RT-PCR and for 7 patients with SSPE who were identified in published case reports, it was determined that the development of SSPE was associated with the measles resurgence that occurred in the United States during 1989-1991. The estimated risk of developing SSPE was 10-fold higher than the previous estimate reported for the United States in 1982. Vaccination against measles prevents more cases of SSPE than was originally estimated.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2005 · The Journal of Infectious Diseases
Show more