In-home intervention for depressive symptoms with low-income mothers of infants and toddlers in the United States

ArticleinHealth Care For Women International 25(6):561-80 · July 2004with7 Reads
Impact Factor: 0.63 · DOI: 10.1080/07399330490444830 · Source: PubMed


    Depressive symptoms in low-income mothers negatively affect infant-toddler development. This pilot study tested a short-term, home-based depressive symptom intervention with 16 African American and White, Non-Hispanic mothers in Early Head Start (EHS) programs who were randomly assigned to intervention and usual care/waiting list conditions. Mothers met in their homes with master's-prepared psychiatric mental health nurses who worked with them to improve their management of depressive symptoms and life issues, use of social support, and parenting. The intervention group showed a significantly greater decrease from baseline in depressive symptom severity at 8 and 16 weeks in contrast to the mothers receiving usual care. Observations of maternal interactions showed improvement in the intervention mothers. The results support testing on a larger scale.